conditional grammar 3 + wish

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PowerPoint Presentation: 

This presentation will provide explanation and practice for: unreal conditionals Conditional Grammar, Part 3 past

Examples of this grammar:: 

Examples of this grammar: I didn’t know Clara had her baby last week! If I had known , I would have visited her in the hospital. Real: I didn’t know Clara had her baby. Unreal: If I had known, I would have visited her.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Joe didn’t study for his test, so he failed it. If he had studied for his test, he wouldn’t have failed it. Real: Joe didn’t study, and he failed his test. Unreal: If he had studied, he wouldn’t have failed his test.

How do we make this type of conditional grammar? Look at these examples:: 

How do we make this type of conditional grammar? Look at these examples: If I had seen you, I would have said “hello.” 2. Tomas wouldn’t have gotten a speeding ticket if he had driven more carefully. After the IF, use ______________________ tense. In the other clause, use ______________________. past perfect would have + past participle

Form & Meaning:: 

Form & Meaning: When we use this grammar, we are often expressing regret for something that we did or didn’t do in the past. We can’t change the past, however we are lamenting a decision or action. Ex. I ate two pieces of cake, and then I felt sick. 3 rd Conditional: If I hadn’t eaten so much cake, I wouldn’t have felt sick. I’m imagining what would or would not have happened if the past had been different.

Notice that you can start these sentences with the If-clause or with the Would have-clause:: 

Notice that you can start these sentences with the If-clause or with the Would have-clause : If Marta had moved to Italy , she would have learned Italian. Marta would have learned Italian if she had moved to Italy. Meaning : Marta didn’t move to Italy; but if she had moved there, she would have needed to learn Italian.

Try these examples:: 

Try these examples: 1. If we ____________ (save) more money last year, we ______________ (take) a vacation to Hawaii. had saved would have taken

More Practice . . .: 

More Practice . . . 2. If you ___________________ (not, remind) me about Lisa’s birthday, I ___________________ (forget) all about it. hadn't reminded would have forgotten

More Practice . . .: 

More Practice . . . 3. If I __________ (go) to bed earlier last night, I ___________________ (wake) up earlier this morning. had gone would have woken

Using wish . . . : 

Using wish . . . Wish is related to this grammar. For example: I wish I had practiced more yesterday. If I had practiced more, I would have done better in today’s game.

Using wish to regret past events. . .: 

Using wish to regret past events . . . Often we regret things that we did or didn’t do in the past. In these cases, we can use “wish.” I wish I had won the contest. =I didn’t win, but I wish I had. 2. We wish we had caught a bigger fish. =We are wishing for something that didn’t happen.

Think about the grammar we use when we use wish for past events:: 

Think about the grammar we use when we use wish for past events: I wish I hadn’t burned the hot dogs. 2. Mike wishes he had won the race. Put the verb “wish” in ___________________tense. After “wish,” put the verb in __________________. simple present past perfect

Past Perfect?: 

Past Perfect? To make the past perfect, use . . . had + past participle Example: If I had come to class more often, ... …I would have learned more, …I would have gotten better grades

Review . . .: 

Review . . . Hope + present tense I hope he calls me tonight. Wish + simple past =to desire a situation that is different from the present I wish I spoke Spanish more fluently. Wish + past perfect =to regret what happened or didn’t happen in the PAST I wish I hadn’t broken that plate… It was my favorite!

For additional practice . . .: 

For additional practice . . . Go to our class website! www.ecc6.blogspot.com