The simple past tense: The simple past tense Form (structure)
Meaning & Use
How do we form the simple past tense . . .?: How do we form the simple past tense . . .? English has two types of verbs in the past tense:
did Look at the following list of past tense verbs…
which verbs are regular, and which are irregular?
Irregular verbs Regular verbs are verbs that ….: Regular verbs are verbs that ….
Simple Form Past Tense
…end with –ed Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . .: Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . . …DON’T end with –ed some irregular verbs
Have a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense
other irregular verbsHave a different kind of change:: other irregular verbs Have a different kind of change: Simple Past
And some irregular verbsdon’t change at all . . .: And some irregular verbs don’t change at all . . . Simple Past
The children set the table every Sunday.
The children set the table last night. For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence.: For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano.
Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger. For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences.: For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences.
Last week, I ___________ you a letter.
The students _____________ a speech in English. They __________ a great job!
For negative sentences,USE: For negative sentences,USE
I went to work yesterday.
Carl didn’t go to work because he was sick.
Exception = VERB BE!: Exception = VERB BE! The verb be is special.
Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead, just use:
Meaning & Use: Meaning & Use In what situations do English speakers use
the simple past tense?
Completed actions in the past What are
some common time expressions used with
the past tense? Examples:: Examples: I saw Maria yesterday.
Last Friday, the students took their spelling and vocabulary tests.
They got married two years ago.
pronunciation: pronunciation The –ed ending in English has:
Some regular verbs end with a “t” sound:: Some regular verbs end with a “t” sound: Walked
jumped Some regular verbs end with a “d” sound:: Some regular verbs end with a “d” sound: planned
Other regular verbs end with an “id” sound:: Other regular verbs end with an “id” sound: These verbs have an extra syllable:
Simple Form Past Tense
There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the –ed.: There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the –ed. However,
It’s a good idea for students to make a list of which –ed verbs have a t sound, which have a d sound, and which have an id sound.
And with practice, you can start to learn and memorize correct pronunciation. Student Practice:: Student Practice: Go to this website with a classmate to practice what you have learned or reviewed today: