The Simple Past Tense

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View this Grammar Powerpoint about how to use the simple past tense in English.

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Presentation Transcript

The simple past tense: 

The simple past tense Form (structure) Meaning & Use Pronunciation

How do we form the simple past tense . . .?: 

How do we form the simple past tense . . .? English has two types of verbs in the past tense: taught walked studied gave became cried lived did Look at the following list of past tense verbs… which verbs are regular, and which are irregular? Regular verbs Irregular verbs

Regular verbs are verbs that ….: 

Regular verbs are verbs that …. Simple Form Past Tense Walk Study Cry Live …end with –ed

Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . .: 

Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . . …DON’T end with –ed some irregular verbs Have a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense become became give gave drive drove forget forgot

other irregular verbsHave a different kind of change:: 

other irregular verbs Have a different kind of change: Simple Past teach taught bring brought Leave left Hear heard Buy bought

And some irregular verbsdon’t change at all . . .: 

And some irregular verbs don’t change at all . . . Simple Past hit hit put put set set The children set the table every Sunday. The children set the table last night.

For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence.: 

For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger.

For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences.: 

For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences. Last week, I ___________ you a letter. The students _____________ a speech in English. They __________ a great job!

For negative sentences,USE: 

For negative sentences,USE I went to work yesterday. Carl didn’t go to work because he was sick.

Exception = VERB BE!: 

Exception = VERB BE! The verb be is special. Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead, just use:

Meaning & Use: 

Meaning & Use In what situations do English speakers use the simple past tense? Completed actions in the past What are some common time expressions used with the past tense?

Examples:: 

Examples: I saw Maria yesterday. Last Friday, the students took their spelling and vocabulary tests. They got married two years ago.

pronunciation: 

pronunciation The –ed ending in English has:

Some regular verbs end with a “t” sound:: 

Some regular verbs end with a “t” sound: Walked Laughed Washed Talked jumped

Some regular verbs end with a “d” sound:: 

Some regular verbs end with a “d” sound: planned played learned answered loved

Other regular verbs end with an “id” sound:: 

Other regular verbs end with an “id” sound: These verbs have an extra syllable: Simple Form Past Tense

There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the –ed.: 

There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the –ed. However, It’s a good idea for students to make a list of which –ed verbs have a t sound, which have a d sound, and which have an id sound. And with practice, you can start to learn and memorize correct pronunciation.

Student Practice:: 

Student Practice: Go to this website with a classmate to practice what you have learned or reviewed today: http://www.quia.com/quiz/664418.html