Windows Operating System introduction

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Windows Operating System introduction

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Introduction to Computers and the Windows Operating System:

Introduction to Computers and the Windows Operating System

Agenda:

Agenda What is a computer? What is an operating system? The Windows Screen Starting and shutting down your computer The mouse according to Windows Opening and closing programs Menu bars and Tool Bars Cut/Copy and Paste Windows commands

What is a personal computer:

What is a personal computer Screen Box, tower, etc. motherboard hard drive floppy drive CD-ROM/DVD Keyboard and mouse Peripherals

Operating system:

Operating system Program used to control computer, link between user and internal working of computer and programs Windows vs. Mac vs. Linux

Windows:

Windows Windows 95, 98, 2000, ME, NT, XP? Desktop and icons Task bar Start button Programs

Starting your computer:

Starting your computer Before starting your computer make sure you do not have a diskette in your A drive To start your computer just turn on the power switch or power bar (the computer will take a few minutes to go through its initialization procedure and you will eventually see your desktop and icons) If this does not happen check that your monitor (i.e. screen ) is on .

Starting your computer, cont.:

Starting your computer, cont. If computer was shut improperly, you may see a screen saying Windows would like to check your files for errors. It may then say it has found an error and ask if it should fix the error. You will probably want to tell it to fix the error and skip the undo disk and next time try to do a proper shutdown

Shutting down your computer:

Shutting down your computer Windows is very finicky about being shut down properly (do not just shut the power off) Move your cursor to start button and click Click on the radio button beside Shut down Click on OK button WAIT (Windows will go through an elaborate process of making sure all programs are shut down. You will then see a Windows screen and eventually a black screen with the words “It’s now safe to turn off your computer”)

Shutting down your computer, cont.:

Shutting down your computer, cont. You may now turn off the power button/bar. In some cases when Windows cannot finish it’s shutdown sequence, your may have to shut down by restarting or shutting off the power before Windows is ready.

Restarting your computer:

Restarting your computer Sometimes your computer will start doing funny things or your mouse will stop working Try ALT + CTL + DELETE If you see a program is not responding, you can try to highlight that program and press the “End Task” button. If nothing happens try ALT + CTL + DELETE again. This will restart your computer

Restarting your computer, cont.:

Restarting your computer, cont. If your mouse is working you can click on Start button, click on Shutdown but click on the radio button beside Restart and your computer will restart Useful if your modem stops functioning.

Mouse:

Mouse Pointing device that moves pointer or cursor Point and click (tip of the arrow is the point) Left and right buttons Start programs - 1 click vs 2 clicks Highlight text (click and drag) Practice makes perfect

Cursor Types:

Cursor Types Arrow Busy Text Double arrow Hand

Scrolling pages:

Scrolling pages Mouse Click on up and down arrows or Click on top of and below that darker box without touching the box or Click and drag the darker box Keyboard (make sure cursor is on page by clicking on empty space) Use arrow keys Use page up, page down, home and end

Opening Programs:

Opening Programs If on desktop as icon, double click on icon. If does not open press “Enter” key. Click on “Start” button, Move cursor up to “Programs”. After menu on the right appears move cursor over to menu and up or down to required program. Click on program If program has been minimized and appears on task bar, click on square representing program.

Closing programs:

Closing programs Click on the X icon in the top right hand corner of the window or Put your cursor on File in menu bar and click, then move cursor down the drop-down menu to the bottom to word “Quit” or “Exit” or “Close”. Click on the word or Hold down the Alt key and press F4 .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Minimize window Enlarge Screen Close Program

PowerPoint Presentation:

Title bar Menu bar Tool bar Format bar Status bar Task bar Start button

Using Menu Bars:

Using Menu Bars All Windows programs have a menu bar and everything you can do with that program will be available from one of the drop-down menus Place tip of the cursor on the word in Menu bar and click. Move cursor down drop-down menu to action you want to perform and click. If item has an arrow pointing to the right move cursor to the right to see the submenu.

Menu items common to most Windows programs:

Menu items common to most Windows programs File (includes New file, open file, save and print functions) Edit (includes Find and Cut, Copy and Paste) View (allows you to change the look of screen by adding and subtracting bars like tool bar) Tools (most programs but program specific) Window (allows you arrange windows and choose between different files) Help used to give help in program’s functions and gives version no. for troubleshooting purposes

Cut/Copy and Paste:

Cut/Copy and Paste Place your cursor at the beginning of the text you would like to cut or copy, click with left-hand button keeping the button down. Move the cursor to right to highlight the section or words you want to copy (move cursor down to get whole paragraph or page) When the text you wanted to copy or move is highlighted, let go of the mouse button If you highlight too much text, do not let go of the button but adjust the cursor until you have the right amount of text. If you let go, start over by clicking anywhere that is not a link and start over.

Cut/Copy and Paste, cont.:

Cut/Copy and Paste, cont. Move cursor to Edit in Menu bar and move down the drop down menu until you reach “Cut” or “Copy” and click (“Cut” will remove the text and “Copy” will leave it where it is) short cut key Ctrl+c copy, ctrl+V past, ctls+v past block and press del to remov Move the cursor to the area of the document or file where you would like to put the text and click making sure the blinking cursor is where you want the text to be Move cursor to Edit in Menu bar and move down drop down menu until you reach Paste and click

Using Tool Bars:

Using Tool Bars Icons which represent frequently used actions Place tip of cursor in middle of icon and click Opening files, printing, and saving files are common in tool bars If you do not know what an icon signifies, move cursor over the icon and wait for a couple of seconds and a brief description will appear. If do not need tool bar (all actions available from Menu bar) can get rid of tool bar by clicking on “View” in Menu bar

Windows system key combinations:

Windows system key combinations F1: Help CTRL+ESC: Open Start menu ALT+TAB: Switch between open programs ALT+F4: Quit program SHIFT+DELETE: Delete item permanently Windows Logo+L: Lock the computer (without using CTRL+ALT+DELETE)

Windows program key combinations:

Windows program key combinations CTRL+C: Copy CTRL+X: Cut CTRL+V: Paste CTRL+Z: Undo CTRL+B: Bold CTRL+U: Underline CTRL+I: Italic

Mouse click/keyboard modifier combinations for shell objects:

Mouse click/keyboard modifier combinations for shell objects SHIFT+right click: Displays a shortcut menu containing alternative commands SHIFT+double click: Runs the alternate default command (the second item on the menu) ALT+double click: Displays properties SHIFT+DELETE: Deletes an item immediately without placing it in the Recycle Bin

Mouse click/keyboard modifier combinations for shell objects:

SHIFT+right click: Displays a shortcut menu containing alternative commands SHIFT+double click: Runs the alternate default command (the second item on the menu) ALT+double click: Displays properties SHIFT+DELETE: Deletes an item immediately without placing it in the Recycle Bin Mouse click/keyboard modifier combinations for shell objects

Shell objects and general folder/Windows Explorer shortcuts:

Shell objects and general folder/Windows Explorer shortcuts Shell objects and general folder/Windows Explorer shortcuts For a selected object: F2: Rename object F3: Find all files CTRL+X: Cut CTRL+C: Copy CTRL+V: Paste SHIFT+DELETE: Delete selection immediately, without moving the item to the Recycle Bin ALT+ENTER: Open the properties for the selected object

PowerPoint Presentation:

F4: Selects the Go To A Different Folder box and moves down the entries in the box (if the toolbar is active in Windows Explorer) F5: Refreshes the current window. F6: Moves among panes in Windows Explorer CTRL+G: Opens the Go To Folder tool (in Windows 95 Windows Explorer only) CTRL+Z: Undo the last command CTRL+A: Select all the items in the current window BACKSPACE: Switch to the parent folder SHIFT+click+ Close button: For folders, close the current folder plus all parent folders General folder/shortcut control

Microsoft Natural Keyboard keys:

Microsoft Natural Keyboard keys Windows Logo: Start menu Windows Logo+R: Run dialog box Windows Logo+M: Minimize all SHIFT+Windows Logo+M: Undo minimize all Windows Logo+F1: Help Windows Logo+E: Windows Explorer Windows Logo+F: Find files or folders Windows Logo+D: Minimizes all open windows and displays the desktop

Microsoft Natural Keyboard keys:

Microsoft Natural Keyboard keys CTRL+Windows Logo+F: Find computer CTRL+Windows Logo+TAB: Moves focus from Start, to the Quick Launch toolbar, to the system tray (use RIGHT ARROW or LEFT ARROW to move focus to items on the Quick Launch toolbar and the system tray) Windows Logo+TAB: Cycle through taskbar buttons Windows Logo+Break: System Properties dialog box Application key: Displays a shortcut menu for the selected item

Dialog box keyboard commands:

Dialog box keyboard commands TAB: Move to the next control in the dialog box SHIFT+TAB: Move to the previous control in the dialog box SPACEBAR: If the current control is a button, this clicks the button. If the current control is a check box, this toggles the check box. If the current control is an option, this selects the option. ENTER: Equivalent to clicking the selected button (the button with the outline) ESC: Equivalent to clicking the Cancel button ALT+ underlined letter in dialog box item : Move to the corresponding item

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