3_BRIJVIHAR_BBPSBV AFRICA 1

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BBPS Brij Vihar

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Slide1:

BIODIVERSITY ATLAS AFRICA Made by- Anusha Prasad IX-B Nikhil Gangwar IX-E

What is a Biodiversity Atlas of a continent?:

What is a Biodiversity Atlas of a continent? A biodiversity atlas gives information about the flora & fauna of a continent. In this presentation you will get to know about the facts of biodiversity of AFRICAN CONTINENT.

Biodiversity reserves of African Continent:

Biodiversity reserves of African Continent Right now 70 biodiversity reserves in 28 countries are established

Biodiversity as a protected area for wildlife :

Biodiversity as a protected area for wildlife South Africa’s protected area estate does not effectively represent the full range of globally important species and habitats in South Africa’s hotspots Traditional protected area expansion through land purchase is no longer cost effective Low cost mechanisms for protected area expansion and management need to be supported The creation of Private Protected Areas is recognized as a critical means of protected area expansion to meet national and international targets

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WHAT ARE BIODIVERSITY RESERVES? Biodiversity reserves  are areas comprising terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems. Each reserve  promotes solutions reconciling the conservation of biodiversity  with its sustainable use.

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BIODIVERSITY RESERVES IN AFRICA RESERVE COUNTRY BASSE-LOBAYE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC BAMINGUI-BANGORAN CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC ODZALA CONGO DIMONIKA CONGO LUKI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO LUFIRA DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO OMAYED EGYPT KAFA ETHIOPIA YAYU ETHIOPIA SHEKA ETHIOPIA SONGOR GHANA MOUNT NIMBA GUINEA

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BIODIVERSITY RESERVES IN AFRICA RESERVE COUNTRY WATERBERG SOUTH AFRICA CAPE WEST COAST SOUTH AFRICA RADOM SUDAN DINDER SUDAN LAKE MANYARA TANZANIA MIDDLE ZAMBEZI ZIMBABWE SAMBA DIA SENEGAL OMO NIGERIA VOLCANS RWANDA

Threats to biodiversity and opportunities for improving it.:

Threats to biodiversity and opportunities for improving it. Threats: - swelling human demand for resources - inadequate institutional infrastructure - destruction of natural areas - climatic changes - globalization of trade - effects of external forces Opportunities: -significant areas in Africa where habitat is intact - conservation success -innovation

Status: Continental Biodiversity:

Status: Continental Biodiversity 20.4% of global land surface > 95000 species 5-8% of plant, bird, reptile, & mammal species High levels of endemism (particularly in Cape Floral Kingdom)

“The Future of Biodiversity in Africa”:

“The Future of Biodiversity in Africa” 15 May 2008 ABCG Workshop in Washington, DC, USA 17 -19 Sept. 2008 IUCN/ABCG Workshop in Dar es Salaam, TZ 8 Dec. 2008 National Council for Science & the Environment (NCSE) Session in Washington, DC, USA 30 Jan. 2009 Society for Conservation Biology-Africa in Accra, Ghana All these steps help in protecting biodiversity of AFRICAN CONTINENT

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BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS

Africa: Biodiversity ‘hotspot’:

Africa: Biodiversity ‘hotspot’ Africa is one of the most biological diverse countries in the world, after Indonesia and Brazil It occupies only 35% of world’s land area, but is home to nearly: 20% of the world’s plant, 10% of the reptiles, birds and mammals and 15% of known coastal marine species. 9 biomes (unique vegetation landscapes), 3 of which have been declared global biodiversity hotspots.

Hot Spots For Biodiversity In Africa:

Hot Spots For Biodiversity In Africa These are some hotspots for Biodiversity

Most threatened biodiversity hotspot in African Continent:

Most threatened biodiversity hotspot in African Continent Coastal Forests – Eastern Africa This hotspot consists of a long, narrow corridor along the eastern coast of Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique. It is home to the Tana River red colobus and the Tana River mangabey, two critically endangered primates. The coastal forests are threatened by rampant agricultural expansion.

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ENDANGERED SPECIES OF AFRICA

What is meant by endangered species?:

What is meant by endangered species? A plant or animal species existing in such small numbers  that  it is in  danger of becoming extinct, especially such a species placed  in jeopardy as a  result of human activity. One  of the principal factors in the endangerment  or extinction  of a species is the destruction or pollution of its native habitat . Other factors include overhunting, intentional extermination, and the accidental or intentional introduction of alien species that out compete the native  species for environmental resources. 

Steps to prevent the endangered species from becoming extinct:

Steps to prevent the endangered species from becoming extinct Promoting conservation of existing biodiversity Promoting good conservation practices Promoting sound nature tourism development Demonstrating biodiversity and ecosystem services as fundamental bases of human well-being Promoting sound governance & rights-based approaches Promoting innovative conservation funding mechanisms

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ENDANGERED ANIMAL SPECIES OF AFRICA HAWKSBILL TURTLE CRITICALLY ENDANGERED JAVAN RHINO CRITICALLY ENDANGERED LEATHERBACK TURTLE CRITICALLY ENDANGERED MOUNTAIN GORILLA CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

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AFRICAN WILD DOG ENDANGERED AMUR TIGER ENDANGERED AFRICAN ELEPHANT ENDANGERED TIGER ENDANGERED ENDANGERED ANIMAL SPECIES OF AFRICA

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PITCHER PLANT ENDANGERED VENUS FLY TRAP ENDANGERED SUNDEW ENDANGERED ORBEA SPECIOSA ENDANGERED ENDANGERED PLANT SPECIES OF AFRICA

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Thank You

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