Marcellus_Flagger_Training_Presentation_April_2012a

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Flagger Training:

Marcellus Shale Coalition 2012 Transportation Safety Day Flagger Training Flagger Training

Why are you here?:

Why are you here? MUTCD Requirements PennDOT Requirements Mandatory Flagger Training Special Provisions

PennDOT Flagger Training Req.:

PennDOT Flagger Training Req. When : As of April 1, 2010. “All flaggers must be trained” Note 10, Pub 213 Compliance : Contractor must provide flaggers that have successfully completed a flagger training course within the last three years that complies with the department’s Flagger Training Guidelines (Pub 408) Verification : Wallet-sized card

Verification:

Verification Wallet-sized card containing name of flagger training source date of successful completion of training signature or contractor may provide a roster of trained flaggers to the engineer prior to start of flagging Training is valid for 3 years

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Why are you here? Controlling traffic in a work zone is dangerous Dangerous to self Dangerous to work crew Dangerous to traveling public Flagger training is important Training contributes to safety

Key Elements of Flagger Safety :

Key Elements of Flagger Safety Follow PennDOT Pub 213/MUTCD requirements Wear appropriate safety apparel Be visible to approaching traffic for the appropriate distances Stand on the side of the road Have an escape route Be ready for emergencies

Unexpected Conditions:

Unexpected Conditions Road work creates an unexpected condition for the traveling public Construction, maintenance, utility, and incident zones can all benefit from TTC to compensate for the unexpected or unusual situations faced by road users. MUTCD Section 6B.01 7

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8 Work Zones are Dangerous Places Work Zones create an unexpected condition for motorists Traffic moving through a Work Zone is dangerous

Work Zone Crashes in PA:

Work Zone Crashes in PA

Worker Fatalities :

10 Worker Fatalities US had 370 worker fatalities caused by vehicles in road construction sites from 2003-2007 65 of these were flagging/directing traffic PA had 13 worker fatalities from 2003-2007 To date in 2010, there have been three flagger fatalities in PA.

Laws, Regulations and Guidance:

Flagging and traffic control associated with work zones are governed by law and regulations in Pennsylvania PA Vehicle Code (Title 75, Chapter 61, Section 6123): Any person performing any work on or near the roadway which may create hazards shall erect traffic-control devices in accordance with the rules and regulations of the department (PennDOT ) for the maintenance and protection of traffic . Laws, Regulations and Guidance

Laws, Regulations and Guidance:

The law requires PennDOT guidelines to be followed. These guidelines are in: PennDOT Publication 212, Official Traffic Control Devices (from Title 67) Part 6 of the MUTCD (Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices) PennDOT Publication 213, Temporary Traffic Control Guidelines Laws, Regulations and Guidance

Flagger Training Outline:

Flagger Training Outline Part 1 - Flagger Basics Part 2 - Flagger Equipment and Attire Part 3 - Flagger Stations and Positioning Part 4 - Flagging Procedures Part 5 - Work Zone Components Part 6 - Review and Discussion

PowerPoint Presentation:

PART 1 FLAGGER BASICS Purposes of Flagging Flagger Qualifications and Abilities Flagger Conduct

Primary Function of Flagging:

Primary Function of Flagging The primary function of flagging is to provide safety for: Work crew Motorists Bicyclists Pedestrians traveling through construction zones

Flagger’s Duties:

Flagger’s Duties Flaggers are placed at work zones to: Safely stop traffic as needed Maintain safe and continuous traffic flow Reduce speeds Protect work crews Provide positive guidance and direction to the traveling public First & Last: A flagger must be in position before the crew starts working A flagger must be in position until the crew stops working and exits the work zone Flaggers should have no other duties

Flagger Qualifications - MUTCD:

Communicate instructions clearly, firmly, and courteously Move and maneuver quickly Control signaling devices to provide positive guidance Apply safe traffic control practices in sometimes stressful or emergency situations Recognize dangerous traffic situations in time to warn workers Flagger Qualifications - MUTCD

Flagger Well-Being:

Flagger Well-Being Work Zone Foreman is responsible for flaggers Flaggers are the first line of defense for the Work Zone Crew Flaggers must be physically and mentally alert Arrive at work well rested Not under the influence of drugs or alcohol Not hung-over Flaggers should have no other duties—just flagging

PennDOT Pub 234, Flagging Handbook:

PennDOT Pub 234, Flagging Handbook Five principles for flagger conduct: Be courteous and professional Be clearly visible Be attentive Be familiar with the nature of the work being performed Remember - Safety First!

Be Courteous and Professional:

Be Courteous and Professional Use authoritative and clear hand directions Never use crude, suggestive, or inappropriate language or hand gestures Never use personal entertainment devices such as: Cell phones (voice or text messages) AM/FM Radios MP3 Players (iPod, Rio, etc.) Walkman, CD player Flagger Conduct:

Be Clearly Visible:

Be Clearly Visible Position yourself for the greatest color contrast between you and your surroundings Never flag from beside or inside a vehicle Do not lean or sit on any vehicle Do not permit a group of workers to congregate around you Be visible to approaching motorists at the distance specified in Publication 213 Flagger Conduct:

Flagger Visibility:

Flagger Visibility From MUTCD and PennDOT Publication 213

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Be Attentive:

Be Attentive Be ready to respond to emergencies or errant vehicles Establish a warning signal with the work crew Plan an escape route Flagger Conduct:

Be Familiar with the Work:

Be Familiar with the Work Recognize when Work Zone Traffic Control may not be working and what to do about it Cover, turn, fold or remove the “FLAGGER AHEAD” sign when flagger not in position Answer motorists questions about the reason and length of the delay Flagger Conduct:

Remember—SAFETY FIRST:

Remember—SAFETY FIRST Do not watch work in progress or try to do any work other than flagging Do not step into or turn your back on traffic Flagger must be 1 st person in position Last person to leave when work is completed Do not leave your position until replaced by another flagger Flagger Conduct:

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PART 2 STOP/SLOW Paddle Red Flag Supplemental Equipment Red-Light Wand Flares Equipment for Communicating FLAGGER EQUIPMENT AND ATTIRE

Main Equipment:

Main Equipment Two main pieces of equipment: Stop/Slow Paddle Red Flag These are official traffic control devices and must comply with Federal and State standards. Flagger Equipment & Attire:

STOP/SLOW Paddle:

STOP/SLOW Paddle Used to control one-lane, two-way traffic. Shall comply with Federal and State standards of Traffic Control Devices. The stop/slow paddle should be the primary device because is gives more positive guidance than flags (MUTCD 6E.03) Flagger Equipment & Attire:

STOP/SLOW Paddle:

Octagonal in shape 18-inch minimum sign size, letter height 6 inches minimum STOP sign on one side, red/white letters Diamond-shaped SLOW sign on opposite side, orange/black letters Both sides retro-reflective 72-inch staff (minimum) STOP/SLOW Paddle Flagger Equipment & Attire:

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STOP/SLOW Paddle Flagger Equipment & Attire:

Red Flag:

Red Flag Use at an intersection with a single flagger Control traffic in emergencies when a STOP/SLOW Paddle is not available See Pub 213 Note 27 Flagger Equipment & Attire:

Red Flag:

Shall be minimum size of 24 inches by 24 inches Made of red material that is visible and durable. Orange flag is not acceptable Retro-reflective for night use Fastened to a 3-foot staff Made of stiff material or weighted at one end to ensure the flag hangs vertically Red Flag Flagger Equipment & Attire:

Red Flag:

Red Flag Flagger Equipment & Attire:

Supplemental Equipment:

During hours of darkness, illumination of flagger stations is required (see Pub 213 note 26) Except in emergencies During emergency situations When not illuminated during hours of darkness, a flashlight with a red wand or one or more flares shall be used to supplement the retro-reflective STOP/SLOW Paddle (flares can be used only in emergencies) Supplemental Equipment Flagger Equipment & Attire:

Nighttime Flagger Illumination:

Nighttime Flagger Illumination Separate set of floodlights required by Pub 213 Street lights, vehicle headlights do not meet the requirements Position to illuminate the flagger, and not shine into eyes of drivers

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Used for operations during hours of darkness Only used as a supplement to retro-reflective STOP/SLOW Paddle Red-light Wand Flagger Equipment & Attire:

Equipment for Communicating:

Hand-held or portable radios – NEVER a vehicle radio Passing flags or batons Prearranged hand signals that will not confuse the traveling public (such as tipping the hard hat) Equipment for Communicating Flagger Equipment & Attire:

Dressing for Safety:

Dressing for Safety Protective Helmet (Hard hat) Vest – ANSI 107-2004 Class 2 Leggings / Chaps (optional) Proper footwear High visibility yellow rain gear During hours of darkness All garments shall be retro-reflective Should be Class 3 Flagger Equipment & Attire:

Flagger Attire:

Flagger Attire Flagger Equipment & Attire:

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PART 3 FLAGGER STATIONS AND POSITIONING

What is a Flagger Station?:

What is a Flagger Station? What determines location of Flagger Station? Location of work zone Visibility Guiderail or other obstacles blocking flagger escape route Carefully organized safety zone designed to ensure protection for: Flagger Others in the work crew Traveling public Flagger Stations & Positioning:

Flagger Position :

50 Flagger Position MUTCD Section 6E.07. A flagger: Should stand either on the shoulder or in the closed lane Should only stand in the closed lane after road users have stopped Should be clearly visible to the first approaching road user at all times Should also be visible to other road users Should be stationed to sufficiently warn workers Should stand alone

Flagger Stations:

Flagger Stations MUTCD 6E.08 Shall be located such that approaching road users will have sufficient distance to stop at an intended stopping point Distance can be adjusted for field conditions

Work Space Location:

Work Space Location Flagger station is located in advance of work space to allow traffic safe reaction time Far enough ahead of the work space so that approaching traffic has enough room to stop before entering the work space (even if they do enter the buffer space) At least 100 feet in moving pattern, 200 feet in stationary pattern (Pub 213) Flagger Stations & Positioning:

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Flagger Stations & Positioning:

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Never block flagger’s escape route! Be aware of::

Never block flagger’s escape route! Be aware of: Guiderail Trees and other vegetation Equipment Vehicles Signs Personal items Flagger Stations & Positioning:

Proper Positioning of Flagger:

Proper Positioning of Flagger Stand (never sit) on shoulder of the road or in barricaded lane Face oncoming traffic Stand adjacent to the traffic you are to control NEVER stand in the center of the road You may move nearer the middle of the lane (in order to be more visible) AFTER you have traffic stopped Most flagger injuries occur because of poor position Flagger Stations & Positioning:

Flagger Position:

Flagger Position Flagger Stations & Positioning:

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PART 4 FLAGGING PROCEDURES STOP/SLOW Paddle Red Flag Red Light Wand Night time Flagging

To Stop Traffic – Using Paddle:

To Stop Traffic – Using Paddle Stand on shoulder, face traffic Hold STOP side of paddle in stationary position Extend arm horizontally from body Raise palm of free hand toward approaching traffic If visibility can be increased by moving to the middle of the lane, the flagger may proceed toward middle of the lane AFTER traffic has stopped – keep palm extended Flagging Procedures: The STOP/SLOW Paddle

When, How, Where, and Why to Move from Shoulder:

When, How, Where, and Why to Move from Shoulder After first vehicle has come to a full stop Move with STOP sign showing to stopped vehicles at all times Move just inside center of the lane in the lane you are controlling To be more visible to approaching vehicles Watch traffic approaching from rear Flagging Procedures: The STOP/SLOW Paddle

To Release Traffic – Using Paddle:

To Release Traffic – Using Paddle Return to standing position at shoulder, showing STOP sign Face traffic, turn paddle to SLOW Gesture with free hand in direction of travel Flagging Procedures: The STOP/SLOW Paddle

To Slow Traffic – Using Paddle:

To Slow Traffic – Using Paddle Stand on shoulder, facing traffic Display SLOW sign on paddle Raise and lower free hand Flagging Procedures: The STOP/SLOW Paddle

To Stop Traffic – Using Flag:

To Stop Traffic – Using Flag Face traffic from shoulder position Extend flag horizontally across traffic lane Be sure full area of flag is visible Use free arm with palm facing approaching traffic Flagging Procedures: The Red Flag

To Release Traffic – Using Flag:

To Release Traffic – Using Flag Stand parallel to flow of traffic Flag and arm lowered from view Motion traffic ahead with free arm DO NOT wave the Red Flag! Flagging Procedures: The Red Flag

To Slow Traffic – Using Flag:

To Slow Traffic – Using Flag Face traffic from shoulder Slowly wave flag in sweeping motion Motion is up and down slowly Flagging Procedures: The Red Flag

Flaggers use their free hand to direct traffic for both STOP/SLOW Paddle and Red Flag methods:

Flaggers use their free hand to direct traffic for both STOP/SLOW Paddle and Red Flag methods Flagging Procedures: STOP/SLOW Paddle & Red Flag Remember…

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Used as supplement to STOP/SLOW paddle or red flag Primarily at night To stop traffic, wave wand back and forth across path of traffic Lower the light to signal traffic to proceed Never shine the light into eyes of drivers The Red-Light Wand Flagging Procedures: Red-Light Wand

Special Flagging Situations:

Special Flagging Situations Intersections Emergency Vehicles Single Flagger Operations Night time Flagging Flagging Procedures: Special Situations

Emergency Vehicles:

Intersections Emergency Vehicles Should be given right-of-way along with all other vehicles traveling in the same direction As soon as safely possible: Clear the line of traffic Hold traffic in both directions Move emergency vehicle(s) through Do not use STOP/SLOW paddle when flagging in an intersection ( Pub 213 Note 26) The STOP/SLOW paddle may cause confusion for the motorists Place signal in flash or turn off Flagging Procedures: Special Situations

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Single Flagger Operations The flagger should stand on the shoulder of the road opposite the work in single flagger operations where a lane is restricted. Flagging Procedures: Single Flagger Operations

Night time Flagging:

Night time Flagging Retroreflective garments – Class 3 is recommended Retroreflective STOP/SLOW Paddle Retroreflective signs Properly positioned artificial lights (required, unless in an emergency Note 27, Pub 213) Flagging Procedures: Night time Flagging

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PART 5 WORK ZONE COMPONENTS

Work Zone Components:

Work Zone Components Advance Warning Area Transition Area Activity Area Termination Area

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Active Work Zone is from first sign to last sign

Advance Warning Area:

Advance Warning Area Required Signs (Pub 213 PATA 10a: ROAD WORK AHEAD for short-term or moving Work Zones ROAD WORK (with distance) for long-term operations ONE LANE ROAD AHEAD SYMBOLIC FLAGGER ( Rule of Thumb - Flagger should be visible from the FLAGGER sign, if possible) Work Zone Traffic Control:

Advance Warning Area:

Advance Warning Area Supplemental Signs: BE PREPARED TO STOP (where appropriate) ACT 229 Signs (when required): WORK ZONE - TURN ON HEADLIGHTS ACTIVE WORK ZONE WHEN FLASHING Work Zone Traffic Control:

Advance Warning Area:

Advance Warning Area Signs are placed in this area (sign spacing in Pub 213) Flagger Symbol sign must be in place before flagging begins Flagger Symbol signs should be removed when flagging concludes (turn sign to the side when flagger is not present) Work Zone Traffic Control:

Advance Warning Sign Spacing:

Advance Warning Sign Spacing Pub 213 (included on PATA figures) Condition 1: 500 feet for all roadways other than expressways/freeways Condition 2: 200 feet in urban areas Condition 3: for expressways/freeways

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84 PATA 10a WZTC

PATA 10a WZTC:

PATA 10a WZTC 85

PATA 10a WZTC:

86 PATA 10a WZTC

Transition Area:

Transition Area There must be at least six channelizing devices in any taper Channelizing devices must be the same in a taper Longitudinal devices may be different Channelizing devices must be made of a material that will not significantly damage a vehicle if hit Work Zone Traffic Control:

Buffer Zone:

Buffer Zone Allows recovery space for errant vehicles Workers and/or equipment should not be in the Buffer Zone Work Zone Traffic Control:

PATA 10a WZTC:

90 PATA 10a WZTC

Work Area:

Work Area Channelizing devices delineating work area must all be the same (all cones or all vertical panels, etc.) May be different than taper devices Channelizing devices delineating work area should be spaced in feet two times the normal speed limit Example: Normal speed limit is 45 mph, spacing is 90 feet apart) Shall be retro-reflective for night work Work Zone Traffic Control:

Termination Area:

Termination Area Traffic returns to normal path END ROAD WORK or END ACTIVE WORK ZONE signs If present Work Zone Traffic Control:

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PennDOT Pu b 213 : Traffic Control Set-ups 2 Lane, 2 Way Roadway, Closure of 1 Lane Two-person Flagging (Figure PATA 10a) Flagging (Figure PATA 10b) Single Flagger (Figure PATA 10c) Self-regulating (Figure PATA 10d, 10e) Work Zone Traffic Control:

Single Flagger Should Only be Used When::

Single Flagger Should Only be Used When: Traffic speeds and volumes are low Average Daily Traffic (ADT) of 1,500 or less Length of one-lane section not more than 250 feet Short-term operation Adequate sight distance for traffic approaching from either direction exists Work Zone Traffic Control:

Single Flagger Operation:

Work Zone Traffic Control: Single Flagger Operation

PowerPoint Presentation:

Single Flagger Procedure Stand on shoulder opposite work zone. Stop traffic on the left, extend your right arm with the STOP sign facing the first vehicle. Raise and expose the palm of your left hand. Making sure the traffic on the left remains stopped, rotate the paddle to display STOP to the traffic on the right keep your left hand in the Stop position for the traffic on the left. Work Zone Traffic Control:

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Single Flagger Procedure Switch the paddle to your left hand and extend your right palm to stop traffic on your right. When traffic on your right is stopped, switch the paddle back to your right hand and release traffic on your left with your left hand. When you need to stop a car on your left, turn the STOP sign to the car and put your left hand up in the STOP position. 8 . When traffic to the left has stopped, switch the paddle to your left hand and direct traffic on your right to proceed through the work zone. (continued) Work Zone Traffic Control: Flagger Safety Equipment

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Two-Flagger Procedure 1. STOP traffic as previously mentioned using the Stop and Slow Paddle. 2. If visibility can be increased by moving to the middle of the lane, the flagger may proceed toward middle of lane AFTER traffic has stopped – keep palm extended 3. Signal partner to release traffic. 4. Wait for all clear sign from partner and that traffic is stopped. 5. Return to shoulder, keep stop signal visible. 6. Release traffic by displaying SLOW sign and hand signals. Work Zone Traffic Control:

Two-Person Flagger Teams:

Two-Person Flagger Teams Appoint “chief flagger” to coordinate Two flaggers must work with “one mind” On short one-lane sections - stay clearly visible to each other Must maintain clear and precise communication Work Zone Traffic Control:

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Two-Flagger Communication Methods Hand signals Not to be interpreted by motorist Gestures Example is tipping of hat Voice Only on short distance segments Radios or Walkie-Talkies Interim Flaggers Work Zone Traffic Control:

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Alternate Relay Methods Flag-carrying Car Last car carries flag to opposite end of work zone. Official Car Official Car follows last car in line. Pilot Car Leads line of cars through work zone or detour. Work Zone Traffic Control:

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PART 6 REVIEW

Laws, Regulations and Guidance:

Flagging and traffic control associated with work zones are governed by law and regulations in Pennsylvania. Applicable references are: PennDOT Publication 212, Official Traffic Control Devices (from Title 67) Part 6 of the MUTCD (Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices) PennDOT Publication 213, Temporary Traffic Control Guidelines Laws, Regulations and Guidance

Flagger Equipment:

Flagger Equipment STOP/SLOW Paddle Red Flag Method Intersections Emergencies Red Light Wand Method (night time work, supplemental) Review:

The Flagger Uses Three Commands to Give Directions:

The Flagger Uses Three Commands to Give Directions STOP – PROCEED – SLOW (SPS) Review:

STOP Command:

ALTERNATE METHOD Red Flag STOP Command PREFERRED METHOD STOP/SLOW Paddle Review:

PROCEED Command:

PROCEED Command Review: ALTERNATE METHOD Red Flag PREFERRED METHOD STOP/SLOW Paddle

ALERT/SLOW TRAFFIC Command:

ALERT/SLOW TRAFFIC Command Review: ALTERNATE METHOD Red Flag PREFERRED METHOD STOP/SLOW Paddle

Correct Position:

Correct Position Review:

Ineffective Procedures:

Ineffective Procedures To this point, you have been shown correct procedures A flagger using correct procedures can move traffic smoothly through a work zone A flagger using incorrect procedures can cause traffic problems – even danger Following are Ineffective, Inappropriate, and Dangerous Procedures Care must be taken to avoid these errors Errors may seem small The consequences of small errors can be serious

Incorrect Position:

Incorrect Position Never stand in front of traffic to direct vehicles to stop! Review:

Poor Positioning:

Poor Positioning Review:

Remember to Pay Attention:

Remember to Pay Attention Review:

Why STOP/SLOW Paddles can be Confusing in an Intersection:

Review: Why STOP/SLOW Paddles can be Confusing in an Intersection

Worksites Create Potential Hazards:

Worksites Create Potential Hazards

Key Elements of Flagger Safety :

Key Elements of Flagger Safety Follow PennDOT Pub 213/MUTCD requirements Wear appropriate safety apparel Be visible to approaching traffic for the appropriate distances Stand on the side of the road Have an escape route Be ready for emergencies

Don’t Forget the Human Factor:

Don’t Forget the Human Factor 75% of traffic problems in the work zone are caused by human error The average work zone situation takes five to seven seconds of decision and response time Review:

Don’t Forget the Human Factor:

Don’t Forget the Human Factor At travel speed of 45 mph in 5 seconds, distance traveled is 331 feet in 7 seconds, it is nearly 500 feet As people age, they need more light to see things with the same clarity The sign a 20-year-old identifies at 575 feet away, a 60-year-old will identify at 280 feet

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Effective January 1, 2006

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