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Input, Output, and Storage:

Input, Output, and Storage What Kinds of Peripheral Devices Would Suit Your Needs? Chapter 5

Student Learning Outcomes:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Student Learning Outcomes List and compare eight input devices. Define and describe four types of pointing devices. Compare and contrast inkjet and laser printers. Define the three major technologies on which computer storage is based.

Student Learning Outcomes:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Student Learning Outcomes 5. Describe the three classes of CDs and the three classes of DVDs that are available. 6. List and describe five types of flash memory cards that are available for electronic devices such as computers and cameras.

Introduction:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Introduction In this chapter, we’ll discuss various input, output, and storage devices designed to meet the various needs and lifestyles of people. This chapter explores the features available in these devices.

What Peripheral Devices Suit Your Needs? :

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies What Peripheral Devices Suit Your Needs? Input Devices Output Devices Storage Devices

5.1 Input Devices:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies 5.1 Input Devices Input device captures information and translates it into a form that can be processed and used by other parts of your computer. Keyboards Pointing devices Game controllers Scanners Styluses Microphones Digital cameras Web cams p. 5.130 Fig. 5-1 SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Overview of Input Devices” and “Other Everyday Input Devices”

Input Devices:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Input Devices The keyboard is the most common input device. Types of keyboards include: Wireless Multimedia and one-touch access Portable keyboards for PDAs p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2                                                                   SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Keyboards”

Types of Input Devices:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Types of Input Devices p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2                                                                  

Pointing Devices:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Pointing Devices Pointing devices are mainly used to choose and enter commands Pointing devices tend to have PS/2 connectors or USB connectors PS/2 connector fits into a PS/2 port, which a small round socket with small holes that fit the pins on the connector USB connectors fit into USB ports, and these are small rectangular openings on the back or front of your computer, or even on your keyboard or monitor p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2 SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Ports and Cables”

Pointing Devices:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Pointing Devices Various pointing devices are available Types of pointing devices: Mouse Mechanical mouse Optical mouse Wireless mouse Trackball Touchpad Pointing stick p. 5.132 & P. 5.133 Fig. 5-3 & Fig 5.4 SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Mice”

Game Controller:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Game Controller Game controllers are used mainly to play games Types of gaming devices Gamepads Joysticks Gaming wheels Force feed p. 5.134 Fig. 5-5                                 

Specialized Input Devices:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Specialized Input Devices Other types of input devices include: Scanners Styluses Microphones Digital cameras Web cams p. 5.135 Fig. 5-6

Scanner:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Scanner Scanner is a light sensitive device that helps you copy or capture images, photos, and artwork that exist on paper. Types of scanners include: Flatbed                                                                      SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Scanners”

Styluses:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Styluses Stylus is an input device consisting of a thin stick that uses pressure to enter information or to click and point Styluses are used with: PDAs Tablet PCs Graphics tablets p. 5.135 Fig. 5-6                                                                     

Microphones:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Microphones Microphones are used to input audio Three main types of microphones are: Desktop microphones Headsets Directional microphones Speech recognition is increasingly being included in application software                                                                                                                                       

Digital Cameras:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Digital Cameras Digital cameras are used to: Download images to a computer Post pictures to the Web Produce videos Resolution is measured in megapixels Higher the resolution, better the image quality, but the more expensive the camera SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Digital Cameras”

Web Cams:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Web Cams Web cam is a video camera that can be used to take images for uploading to the Web

5.2 Output Devices:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies 5.2 Output Devices Output devices take information within your computer and present it to you in a form that you can understand Main output devices: Monitors Printers Speakers SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Overview of Output Devices”

Flat Panel Display Devices:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Flat Panel Display Devices Devices with flat-panel displays Tablet PCs PDAs Cellular phones Desktop computers                                 

Monitors:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Monitors CRTs Flat-panel displays Gas plasma LCD (liquid crystal display) Passive matrix Active matrix Called TFT (thin film transistor) Separate transistor for every pixel p. 5.137 Fig. 5-9 SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Monitors”

Screen Talk:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Screen Talk Screen size measured as a diagonal line across the screen – from corner to opposite corner Resolution the number of pixels displayed on the screen (the higher the resolution, the closer together the dots) Pixels (or picture element) dots that make up the image on your screen Dot pitch is the distance between the centers of a pair of like-colored pixels Refresh rate the speed with which a monitor redraws the image of the screen, and is measured in hertz

Printers:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Printers Inkjet – most popular Makes images by forcing droplets through nozzles Top speed is 20 pages per minute Laser Forms images using an electrostatic process Prints between 3 and 30 pages per minute                                 

Printers - Cont:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Printers - Cont Resolution of a printer is the number of dots per inch (dpi) it produces. Higher the resolution, better the image, and usually the more costly the printer                                 

Printers - Cont. :

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Printers - Cont. Multifunction printer: Scan, copy, fax, and print Can be either inkjet or laser Cost less than buying individual units Take up less desk space SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Printers” p. 5.139 Fig. 5-11

Speakers :

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Speakers A speaker is a device that produces computer output as sound Speakers are common devices in computer systems Examples include: Built-in speaker Two-device set speakers Surround sound speakers                                                                  

I•Can: Use a Computer Without Neck and Shoulder Pain:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies I •Can: Use a Computer Without Neck and Shoulder Pain Computer work can lead to physical problems Ergonomics – deals with reducing discomfort Should sit up straight at your computer SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Ergonomics”

Using Your Computer: Ergonomics and Health:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Using Your Computer: Ergonomics and Health Position your screen about the length of your arm away so that you look slightly down at it Your elbows, knees, and hips should form right angles Your back should be at a right angle to the floor Rest your eyes by looking away from the screen frequently

Using Your Computer: Ergonomics and Health:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Using Your Computer: Ergonomics and Health Stretch your shoulders, back, arms, and wrists at least every 30 minutes Stretch your hands downward and backward frequently Always listen to your body when it tells you that you’re uncomfortable and do something about it

5.3 Storage Devices:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies 5.3 Storage Devices Storage device stores information to be recalled and used at a later time Storage device consists of: Storage medium Storage device Three major technology types for information storage: Magnetic Optical or laser Flash memory                                  SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Storage Concepts”

Storage Medium Terms:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Storage Medium Terms Byte Kilobyte (KB) Megabytes (MB) Gigabytes (GB) Terabytes (TB) Petabyte (PB) Exabyte (EB) = 8 bits ≈ 1 Thousand Bytes ≈ 1 Million Bytes ≈ 1 Billion Bytes ≈ 1 Trillion Bytes ≈ 1 quadrillion Bytes ≈ 1 quintillion Bytes

Magnetic and Optical Storage:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Magnetic and Optical Storage p. 5.142 & 5.144 Fig. 5.13 & 5.16

Magnetic Storage Devices: Internal Magnetic Hard Disk:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Magnetic Storage Devices: Internal Magnetic Hard Disk Magnetic storage devices can be either internal or external Internal magnetic hard disks are fixed inside the system unit External magnetic hard disks are portable SimNet Concepts Support CD: “Removable Disks”

Magnetic Storage Devices: Internal Magnetic Hard Disk:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Magnetic Storage Devices: Internal Magnetic Hard Disk Internal hard disk is a magnetic storage device with One or more thin platters that store information sealed inside the disk drive. Read/write heads access the information on surface Heads read information while copying it from disk to RAM Heads write information when copying it from RAM to disk                                                                  

Magnetic Storage Devices: External Magnetic Hard Disk:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Magnetic Storage Devices: External Magnetic Hard Disk External hard disks are magnetic storage media which are portable storage units that you can connect to your computer as necessary Great for backup storage devices Ability to transport your hard disk from one computer to another                                                                  

Hard Drives:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Hard Drives Long term storage system and application software Operating system and application software are copied from the hard disk to memory Capacity measured in gigabytes

Floppy Disks and Zip Disks:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Floppy Disks and Zip Disks Removable magnetic storage media come in two basic types: Traditional floppy disks Zip disks These storage media are useful for: Storing files for backup or security purposes Transferring files from one computer to another

Removable Magnetic Storage: Floppy Disk:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Removable Magnetic Storage: Floppy Disk Floppy Mylar disk Housed inside a hard plastic casing Thin, flexible plastic disk 3.5 inch floppy disks also called floppies, diskettes, floppy disks Holds about 1.44 megabytes of information High-capacity disks Zip ® disk p. 5.144 Fig. 5.15

Removable Magnetic Storage: Zip Disk:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Removable Magnetic Storage: Zip Disk High capacity plastic platter disk Called removable hard disks Provide a higher storage capacity than Mylar disks Example - Zip® disk with capacity of 100MB, 250MB, and 750MB                                                                  

Optical Storage:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Optical Storage CDs DVDs Both are optical storage and have three formats: Read-only Write-once Read-and-write

Optical Storage Media:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Optical Storage Media Read-Only CD-ROM DVD-ROM One-Time Writable CD-R DVD-R DVD+R Fully Read-and-Write CD-RW DVD-RW or DVD+RW or DVD-RAM SimNet Concepts Support CD: “CDs and DVDs”

Flash Memory Cards:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Flash Memory Cards Flash memory cards have high-capacity storage laminated inside a small piece of plastic Flash flash memory cards do not need a drive with moving parts to operate                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Flash Memory Talk:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Flash Memory Talk CompactFlash (CF) xD-Picture Card (xD) SmartMedia (SM) Card SecureDigital (SD) card and MultiMediaCards (MMC) Memory Stick Media

Flash Memory Card Readers:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Flash Memory Card Readers Some devices have flash memory slots into which you slide your flash memory card Other devices can use an external flash memory card reader in order to transfer information A flash memory drive is a flash memory storage medium for a computer that is small enough to fit in your pocket and usually plugs directly into a USB port                                          

PowerPoint Presentation:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

5.4 Consumer Q&A:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies 5.4 Consumer Q&A How Can I Tell How Many Megapixels My Camera Should Have to Print Good 8 x 10 Photos? What Type of Mouse Should I Get for Gaming? Are Flat Panels and Flat Screens the Same Thing? What Should I look for in a Scanner?

5.5 Key Terms:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies 5.5 Key Terms CompactFlash card Dot pitch Flash memory cards Flat-panel display Floppy disk Gamepad Gaming wheel Gas plasma display monitor Gigabyte Hard disk drive Inkjet printer Input device Joystick

5.6 Key Terms:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies 5.6 Key Terms Kilobyte Laser printer Liquid crystal display monitor Megabyte Memory Stick Media Mouse Multifunction printer MultiMediaCard Output device Photo inkjet printer Refresh rate Resolution of a printer Resolution of a screen Scanner

5.6 Key Terms:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies 5.6 Key Terms SecureDigital card SmartMedia card Storage drive Stylus Thin film transistor display monitor Touchpad Trackball Visible image size Web cam xD-Picture Card Zip disk

Review of Concepts:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Review of Concepts Stacking Bytes If a gigabyte were a tree, how high would it be? Organizing Input and Output Devices

Hands On Projects E-Commerce:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Hands On Projects E-Commerce Choosing a Digital Camera Buying Books Can you find cheaper textbooks on the Web? Renting an Apartment Do you have a pet?

Hands On Projects Ethics, Security & Privacy:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Hands On Projects Ethics, Security & Privacy How’s My Driving? Just Pop Out the Flash Memory Card! Parents can now review your driving once you’re home The All-Seeing Global Positioning System Should you be trackable 24x7?

Hands On Projects on the Web:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Hands On Projects on the Web Comparing Printers Buying a Hard Drive Ordering Photos Online How about a smart frame that changes photos for you?

Hands On Projects Group Activities:

©2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies Hands On Projects Group Activities Exploring the Use of Web Cams Researching DVD Recorders Want to copy TV shows to a DVD? Multimedia Controller Protect Your Computer from Unauthorized Use Require a fingerprint check before your keyboard will work

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