ORAL PRESENTATIONSKILLS : ORAL PRESENTATIONSKILLS “ You can have brilliant ideas, but if you can’t get them across, your brains won’t get you anywhere”Lee Iaccoca (1984)President , Chrysler Motors : “ You can have brilliant ideas, but if you can’t get them across, your brains won’t get you anywhere”Lee Iaccoca (1984)President , Chrysler Motors Stages of a presentation : Stages of a presentation 1.DECIDING THE PRESENTATION TOPIC
2. GATHERING INFORMATION
3. WRITING THE PRESENTATION
4. PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION
5. DELIVERING THE PRESENTATION STAGE 1 – DECIDING THE PRESENTATION TOPIC : STAGE 1 – DECIDING THE PRESENTATION TOPIC ITS AN IMPORTANT STAGE AS TO HELP DETERMINE THE DIRECTION/PATH
THERE ARE 2 WAYS OF DECIDING ON THE TOPIC OF PRESENTATION :
1. Subject the presenter knows a lot about
2. Subject that interest the presenter and the presenter would like to know more about Slide 5: EXAMPLES OF TOPICS
Television has a negative influence on society.
Things that I like about Disneyland.
Governments must censor materials on the world wide web. STAGE 2 – gathering information : STAGE 2 – gathering information Textbook – the best resource for students as it give ample information
Internet- provide amazing info from a mere quote to startling statistic
Manual- perfect choice of resource when doing a process presentation (certain job on the aircraft)
Journals- the best choice to get the latest development or a ground breaking through STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION A good oral presentation is well structured; this makes it easier for the listener to follow.
Basically there are 3 sections to a typical presentation: the beginning, the middle and the end (or introduction, body and conclusion). STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION A) INTRODUCTION
is the most important part to attract audience attention.
Get the audience's attention and signal the beginning.
Right. Well. OK. Erm. Let's begin.
Good. Fine. Great. Can we start?
Shall we start? Let's get the ball rolling.
Let's get down to business. STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION A) INTRODUCTION
It is important to greet the audience by saying something like:
Hello ladies and gentlemen.
Good morning members of the jury.
Good afternoon esteemed guests
Good evening members of the board
Fellow colleagues Mr. Chairman/Chairwoman
Thank you for your kind introduction STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION A) INTRODUCTION
Give title and introduce subject
What exactly are you going to speak about? Situate the subject in time and place, in relation to the audience and/or its importance. Give a rough idea or a working definition of the subject.
I plan to speak about...
Today I'm going to talk about...
The subject of my presentation is...
The theme of my talk is...
I've been asked to give you an overview of... STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION B ) BODY
Should be allotted to all main information of the presentation.
Organizing the body of your presentation
Here are a few possibilities for organizing your ideas: logical; chronological order
from general to specific; from known to unknown; from accepted to controversial; cause/effect; problem/solution.
Whatever sequencing you choose, the headings should be all of the same grammatical form. STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 3 – writing THE PRESENTATION C) CONCLUSION
The end or the conclusion of your talk should include four parts: a
brief reminder of what you tried to show in your speech and how you tried
to do so, a short conclusion, thanks to the audience for listening, and an
invitation to ask questions, make comments or open a discussion. STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION A) NOTE / CUE CARDS
Notes should be maid by using index card or A4 paper that is cut into 4.
Write only keywords
Use pastel colour
Write using big and clear handwriting
The notes/ cue cards should be numbered STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION B ) VISUAL AIDS
Make sure that the visual aids work for you not against you.
If posters are chosen , the speaker should make sure that the posters are in good quality.
Don’t be afraid of visual aids
Know where to stand
Careful with pointers STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION C) PRACTICE
- Rehearse the presentation – classmate or
Rehearse using visual aids
Always time the presentation
Be Creative ! Try presenting in a different way.
Careful with your pronunciation!
No Memorizing Please! STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION D) BODY LANGUAGE
Body language is a speaker’s posture, gesture, facial expression and eye contact.
Why is it useful?
It is a natural part of communication:
to clarify meaning; it is very visual
to prevent nervousness
to maintain interest
to emphasize and regulate STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION D) BODY LANGUAGE
Positive body language
eye contact to keep audiences' attention (Asian audience might feel aggressed.)
facial expressions should be natural and friendly. Don't forget to smile.
raise eyebrows to show surprise
open eyes wide
squint your eyes
knit your eyebrows to show consternation or
posture – stand straight but relaxed (do not slouch or lean) STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 4 – PREPARING FOR THE PRESENTATION D) BODY LANGUAGE
movement - to indicate a change of focus, keep the audience's attention
move forward to emphasize
move to one side to indicate a transition
up and down head motion or other movements to indicate importance
pen or pointer to indicate a part, a place (on a transparency).
shrug of the shoulders to indicate "I don't know!" STaGE 5 – delivering THE PRESENTATION : STaGE 5 – delivering THE PRESENTATION It is natural to be nervous when speaking to the audience
RELAX!· be confidence and express yourself clearly
Speak clearly – don’t shout or whisper
Try to convince the audience that what you are talking about is important and interesting.
Do not apologize for not being good
Do not bring your whole text.
Emphasize on key points by saying them louder end : end