Chapter Four - Topic and purpose

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Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

This slide show covers the following topics >>Purpose statements >>Thesis statement >>Main points

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Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

Selecting a Topic and Purpose General and Specific Purpose Statements

Topic : 

Topic The subject of a speech.

Brainstorming : 

Brainstorming A method of generating ideas for speech topics by free association of words and ideas.

General Purpose : 

General Purpose The broad goal of a speech. To Inform my audience … To Persuade my audience …

Specific Purpose Statement : 

Specific Purpose Statement What do you want your audience to know or believe by the end of your speech?

Guidelines for the Specific Purpose Statement : 

Guidelines for the Specific Purpose Statement Brief phrase Expressed as a statement, not as a question No figurative language One distinct idea Don’t be vague or general

Which is the better specific purpose statement and why? : 

Which is the better specific purpose statement and why? Calendars To inform my audience about the four major kinds of calendars used in the world today.

Write the Specific Purpose as a Full Phrase : 

Write the Specific Purpose as a Full Phrase Ineffective: Calendars More Effective: To inform my audience about the four major kinds of calendars used in the world today.

Slide 9: 

Is the U.S. space program necessary? To persuade my audience that the U.S. space program provides many important benefits to people here on earth. Which is the better specific purpose statement and why?

Express the Specific Purposeas a Statement, NOT as a Question : 

Express the Specific Purposeas a Statement, NOT as a Question Ineffective: Is the U.S. space program necessary? More Effective: To persuade my audience that the U.S. space program provides many important benefits to people here on earth.

Slide 11: 

To inform my audience that yoga is extremely cool. To inform my audience how yoga can improve their health. Which is the better specific purpose statement and why?

Avoid Figurative Language in the Specific Purpose Statement : 

Avoid Figurative Language in the Specific Purpose Statement Ineffective: To inform my audience that yoga is extremely cool. More effective: To inform my audience how yoga can improve their health.

What is the problem with this specific purpose statement? : 

What is the problem with this specific purpose statement? Ineffective: To persuade my audience to become literacy tutors and to donate time to Habitat for Humanity.

Limit the Specific Purpose to One Distinct Idea : 

Limit the Specific Purpose to One Distinct Idea Ineffective: To persuade my audience to become literacy tutors and to donate time to Habitat for Humanity.

Slide 15: 

More effective: To persuade my audience to become literacy tutors. More effective: To persuade my audience to donate time to Habitat for Humanity. OR