Type 2 Diabetes

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Type 2 Diabetes:

Type 2 Diabetes Autumn Taylor

Overview of Type 2 Diabetes:

Overview of Type 2 Diabetes Unlike people with Type 1 diabetes, the bodies of people with type 2 diabetes make insulin. However, their pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin well enough (insulin resistance). When such an event happens, glucose can’t get into the body’s cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into the cells, the body’s cells aren’t able to function properly. This can lead to Damage to the body – high glucose levels in the blood can damage the nerves and small blood vessels of the eyes, kidneys, and heart can lead to atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries that can cause heart attacks and strokes Dehydration – the buildup of sugar in the blood can cause an increase in urination, causing dehydration Diabetic Coma – when a person with type 2 diabetes becomes very ill or severely dehydrated and is not able to drink enough fluids to make up for the fluid losses, they may develop this life-threatening complication.

Symptoms:

Symptoms Increased thirst Increased hunger Dry mouth Nausea and sometimes vomiting Increased urination Fatigue Blurred vision Numbness or tingling of the hands or feet Frequent infections Sores that are slow to heal

Prevention:

Prevention Family history, age, and ethnicity may play a part in the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, however the disease can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle. A study by Harvard School of Public Health found that being overweight and obese was the single most Important risk factor that predicted who would develop type 2 diabetes. During a 16 year follow- up period, study results showed that regular exercise (30 minutes a day, five days a week) and an improved diet that’s low in fat and high in fiber significantly helped with type 2 diabetes prevention.

Risks of the Disease:

Risks of the Disease A family history of diabetes Age over 45 Race or ethnic background – the risk of type 2 diabetes is greater in Hispanics, African-Americans, Native Americans, and Asians. Being overweight - if your BMI is greater than 25, you’re higher a t risk of type 2 diabetes. Also, fat around the waistline is a risk factor. Hypertension Abnormal Lipid Levels – Cholesterol levels under 35 mg/ dL and/ or triglyceride level over 250 mg/ dL increases your risk of type 2 diabetes History of gestational diabetes - Getting diabetes during pregnancy or delivering a baby over nine pounds can increase your risk of type 2 diabetes Impaired glucose tolerance

Incidence (as of January 26th, 2011):

Incidence (as of January 26 th , 2011) 25.8 Million children and adults In the United States – 8.3 % of the population have diabetes Diagnosed 18.8 million people Undiagnosed 7.0 million people Prediabetes 79 million people New Cases 1.9 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in people aged 20 years and older in 2010

Mortality Rate:

Mortality Rate In 2007, diabetes was listed as the underlying cause on 71,382 death certificates and was listed as a contributing factor on an additional 160,022 death certificates. All in all, diabetes contributed to a total of 231,404 deaths

Personal Reflection Upon The Disease:

Personal Reflection Upon The Disease Many family members of mine have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Two of them being my grandmother and great grandmother. They are both able to live a comfortable lifestyle but always struggle with trying to have a healthier lifestyle. This includes regular exercise and eating cleaner. Soul food, a common type of specialty amongst African Americans is what I believe is to blame for my grandparents’ diagnosis. The meals, high in fat, sugar and carbs aren’t very good to eat on a regular basis. My family eats soul food every single Sunday.

Source and Additional Information:

Source and Additional Information http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/default.htm?names-dropdown

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