Chapter 03

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

Assessi

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Chapter 3 Assessing Children’s Health:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 3 Assessing Children’s Health

Health Information…..:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Health Information….. Information about a child’s health is available in many forms and from a variety of sources.

Health Information….. (continued):

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Health Information….. (continued) This information can be used to: assess and monitor a child’s health over time identify developmental problems formulate intervention plans make referrals and work with service providers evaluate a child’s progress

Child Health Histories:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Child Health Histories Information that families provide on health history forms can be useful for understanding the child’s: Current developmental progress Special health conditions or needs Daily habits and preferences, such as eating and sleeping patterns and words used to express personal needs Concept of family

Medical and Dental Records:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Medical and Dental Records A complete physical form and immunization record are required for admission to early childhood and public school programs in most states. Height, weight and BMI measurements provide reliable information about a child’s growth and well-being.

Evaluation of the Sensory System:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Evaluation of the Sensory System Young children learn primarily through their sensory organs – eyes, ears, nose, hands, mouth. Teachers see children functioning in a variety of situations and can observe behaviors that may indicate a sensory problem.

Vision:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Vision What behaviors suggest that an infant or toddler may be experiencing a potential vision problem? (See Table 3-2) What behaviors might be observed in an older child? (See Table 3-3) What evaluation procedures can be used to determine if a referral is necessary?

Common Vision Disorders:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Common Vision Disorders Amblyopia – a distortion and gradual loss of vision due to a muscle imbalance. Strabismus – a condition in which the pupils appear crossed or not aligned equally. Myopia – nearsightedness; child may appear clumsy and ‘accident-prone’

Hearing:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Hearing What behaviors might indicate a potential hearing problem in an infant or toddler? (See Table 3-6) What behaviors might be observed in an older child? (Table 3-5) What formal testing may be used to confirm or rule out a hearing disorder?

Common Hearing Disorders:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Common Hearing Disorders Conductive loss – interferes with the ability to hear and distinguish quiet sounds. S ensorineural and mixed hearing loss – interfere with the child’s ability to hear and/or interpret sound.

Hearing Disorders…..:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Hearing Disorders….. What modifications and instructional methods can teachers implement in the classroom to help children who have a hearing impairment?

Speech and Language:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Speech and Language Developmental milestones provide a functional measure for evaluating a child’s speech and language progress. A hearing test should be a first step in assessing a child who may have a speech impairment or delay. Referral for professional evaluation should be made if there are any concerns.

Nutritional Assessment:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Nutritional Assessment BMI, appearance and behavior provide initial indicators of nutritional health. Additional assessment tools include dietary/nutrient analysis, measurements compared to norms (e.g. BMI, head circumference), and laboratory tests.

Common Nutrition Disorders:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Common Nutrition Disorders Malnutrition – lack of sufficient food or essential nutrients. May be caused by limited access to food or unhealthy food choices. Obesity – commonly due to a combination of excess food and calorie intake and sedentary lifestyle.

Childhood Obesity:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Childhood Obesity In what ways does obesity challenge children’s health? What can be done to avoid obesity and improve children’s weight management?

Referrals…..:

©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Referrals….. Identifying children’s health impairments requires a comprehensive evaluation. The evaluation process must take the child’s family and home environment into consideration. Teachers should refer families to appropriate health professionals and support their efforts to follow through.

authorStream Live Help