SAARC : SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
IB091104 Over-view : Over-view Introduction
SAFTA : : History : History The idea of a South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation was mooted in 1980.
The Heads of State or Government at their First SAARC Summit held in Dhaka on 7-8 December 1985 adopted the Charter formally establishing the SAARC
SAARC Established on 8th December 1985 dedicated to economic,technologcal,social and cultural development. Slide 8: Its seven founding members are Bangladesh,Bhutan,India,Maldives,Nepal,
Pakistan and Sri Lanka,Afghanistan joined the organizaion in 2007.
Meetings of heads of state are usually scheduled annually,meetings of foreign secretaries,twice annually . Reasons For Formation Of SAARC : Reasons For Formation Of SAARC All countries gained independence after Second world war
As a result British Colonialism, all countries have same culture background and history
All the countries part of third world
The region is poor and over populated
Predominance of agriculture. Therefore dependence of the economy on southwest monsoon Objectives : Objectives Improve quality of life and welfare of people
Strengthen self reliance among members
Contribute mutual trust & understanding
Assist in economic , social ,technical, cultural &scientific fields
Strenghten cooperation among themselves & other developing countries
Cooperate on issues like water resources, poverty etc. Secondary Objectives : Secondary Objectives SAARC also looks in critical areas like Educational, cultural, sports & arts
Twelfth summit declared poverty erradication as the main goal.
SAARC teachers forum has been established
Encouragement of contemporary arts & culture
Last SAARC cultural festival was held in Dhaka Secretariat : Secretariat The Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of the Secretariat which was signed by Foreign Ministers of member countries on 17 November 1986 at Bangalore,
The SAARC Secretariat was established in Kathmandu on 16 January 1987 and was inaugurated by Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah of NEPAL.
Structure and administration of the SAARC Secretariat as well as the powers of the Secretary-General. Political issues : Political issues SAARC has intentionally laid more stress on "core issues" mentioned above rather than more decisive political issues like the Kashmir dispute and the Sri Lankan civil war
Political dialogue is often conducted on the margins of SAARC meetings
During the 12th and 13th SAARC summits, extreme emphasis was laid upon greater cooperation between the SAARC members to fight terrorism. SAPTA : SAPTA SOUTH ASIAN PREFERENTIAL TRADING AGREEMENT
Signed on 11th April 1993 in Dhaka
Framework for Tariff conessions
Promoting trade & economic cooperation
India,Pakistan& Sri Lanka are non-least developed countries
Recognition of the special needs of the Least Developed States and agreement on concrete preferential measures in their favour
Four rounds of trade negotiations have been concluded under SAPTA covering over 5000 commodities. SAFTA : SAFTA SOUTH ASIAN FREE TRADE AREA
The Agreement on the South Asian Free Trade Area is an agreement reached at the 12th SAARC summit at Islamabad
The seven foreign ministers of the region signed a framework agreement on SAFTA with zero customs duty on the trade of practically all products in the region by end 2016
In the final five year phase ending 2012, the 20 percent duty will be reduced to zero in a series of annual cuts.
The least developed nations in South Asia consisting of Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Maldives have an additional three years to reduce tariffs to zero SAARC Countries Trade In : SAARC Countries Trade In Agricultural Machinery & Implements
Agro Chemicals, Fertilzers, Pesticides, Insecticides
Dyes, Colors, Pigments, Intermediates
Fire Fighting equipments & Supplies
Food & Food Products
Fruits & Vegetables
Spices, Seasonings & Flavorings
Stainless Steel & Products
Stationery Articles & School Supplies
Electric and power machinery
Iron-ore, pig iron
Medicine and pharma products
Precious and semi-precious stones
And so on……………….. Some of the major areas of cooperation are: : Some of the major areas of cooperation are: Terrorism
Cooperation on social issues
Cooperation on energy and environment
Cooperation on connectivity 14th SAARC Summit : 14th SAARC Summit The 14th SAARC summit took place in New Delhi (India) during the 2nd and 4th of April, 2007.
Afghanistan inducted as 8th member
Focus on peace, prosperity
The year 2007 was declared as the year of Green South Asia. Member countries welcomed the ratification of SAFTA. 15th SAARC summit : 15th SAARC summit The 15th SAARC summit took place in Colombo (Sri Lanka) during the 1st and 3rd of August, 2008.
Partnership for Growth for the Peoples of South Asia
The SAARC Development Fund (SDF)
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Development
Joint positions on international affairs
Observers (with the addition of Australia and Myanamar)
Science and Technology
Poverty alleviation 16th SAARC summit : 16th SAARC summit The 16th summit of SAARC was held in Thimpu, Bhutan between 28-29 April 2010
SAARC leaders signed a SAARC Convention on Cooperation on Environment to tackle the problem of climate change
The SAARC nations also pledged to plant 10 million trees over the next 5 years.
India proposed setting up of climate innovation centres in South Asia to develop sustainable energy technologies Future Membership : Future Membership The People's Republic of China has shown its interest in joining SAARC. While Pakistan and Bangladesh support China's candidature,
Indonesia intends to become an observer as well, and is supported by Sri Lanka
Russia intends to become an observer as well, and is supported by India
Myanmar has expressed an interest in joining as a full member Next SAARC Summit to be held in Male in 2011 : Next SAARC Summit to be held in Male in 2011 The 17th SAARC Summit will be held in Maldives' capital Male next year, Bhutanese Prime Minister Jigme Y Thinley announced. And main agenda will be ‘Climate Risks in the Region’. : THANKS