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Travel & Tourism Industry Structures:

Travel & Tourism Industry Structures BTEC National Travel & Tourism

The Travel & Tourism Industry:

The Travel & Tourism Industry Travel and tourism is one of the world’s largest industries It is also one of the most fragmented The two aspects of the industry can be viewed separately, as many of the players are involved in both Let’s look at each part of the industry on its own

Travel Industry:

Travel Industry




Distributors The people, groups or firms that deliver the products and services of travel to consumers. These include: travel agents (business and leisure) travel operators selling direct to the consumer firms selling on the Internet call centres handling customer service

Regulatory Bodies:

Regulatory Bodies

Regulatory Bodies:

Regulatory Bodies Organisations set up to oversee the industry, either: Trade associations such as ABTA (Association of British Travel Agents) or Statutory bodies such as the CAA (Civil Aviation Authority)

Public Sector Organisations:

Public Sector Organisations

Public Sector Organisations:

Public Sector Organisations Government departments with responsibility for the industry: Department for Transport (DfT) Department for Culture, Media & Sport (DCMS) Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO)




Transport Delivery of travel products and services by: Road Air Sea Rail

Other Industry Players:

Other Industry Players

Other Industry Players:

Other Industry Players Insurance firms and car hire companies: Insurers provide cover for goods, services and people Car hire providers meeting onward travel needs of business and leisure customers

Tourism Industry:

Tourism Industry

Accommodation, Tour Operators & Distributors:

Accommodation, Tour Operators & Distributors Providing the ‘nuts and bolts’ of the industry: Hotels, villas, apartments, B&B, camping parks Packages of travel tours to popular locations Selling the travel product/service to individual and business consumers

Tour Operators:

Tour Operators Four dominant firms TUI (Thomson) First Choice MyTravel Thomas Cook All vertically integrated, operating at more than one level in market

Tour Distributors:

Tour Distributors Usually includes business and leisure travel agents: Some large and well-known Some small and independent Others in niche parts of market Can you think of examples of each?

Tourism Agencies:

Tourism Agencies Tourist boards and offices: Promoting Britain to overseas customers (Visit Britain) Promoting regions of the UK to overseas and domestic customers (Visit Northumbria) Providing information to customers (Tourist Information Centres)

Conference/Exhibition Organisers:

Conference/Exhibition Organisers The importance of location Value and service at venues The role of sponsorship Customer care

Regulatory Bodies:

Regulatory Bodies Consortium of Independent Tour Operators Federation of Tour Operators People1st (Skills Council for Tourism, Hospitality and Leisure) Regional Development Agencies (RDAs)

Public Sector Organisations:

Public Sector Organisations DCMS Visit Britain Regional Development Agencies FCO English Heritage

Other Industry Players:

Other Industry Players The Tourism Alliance represents industry views to the government Other firms in industry, such as insurance companies and car hire firms

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