logging in or signing up NANO ROBOTS MEDICINE OF THE FUTURE ashokmateti Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 1823 Category: Science & Tech.. License: All Rights Reserved Like it (3) Dislike it (1) Added: March 17, 2011 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 1 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: MEDICINE OF THE FUTURE Ch. Poojitha Roll no:12080026 Priyadarshini College of Pharmaceutical Sciences NANOROBOTS 1 Presented bySlide 2: Nanotechnology Nanorobots Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) How Nanorobots Will Work Applications Conclusion References CONTENTS 2Slide 3: What Does Nanotechnology Mean? Nanotechnology is the engineering of functional systems at the molecular scale. It is the study of manipulating matter on an atomic and molecular scale. 3Slide 4: NANOROBOTS A nanorobot is a tiny machine designed to perform a specific task or tasks repeatedly and with precision at nanoscale dimensions, that is, dimensions of a few nanometer s (nm) or less, where 1 nm = 10 -9 meter They are nanodevices that will be used for the purpose of maintaining and protecting the human body against pathogens. 4Slide 5: Molecular Nanotechnology (MNT) The umbrella science of nanomedicine MNT describes engineered nanosystems (nanoscale machines) operating on the molecular scale. MNT is especially associated with the molecular assembler , a machine that can produce a desired structure. MNT IS based on the ability to build structures to complex, atomic specifications by means of mechanosynthesis . 5Slide 6: What is a Chromallocyte? What is a Respirocyte ? What are the Risks of Nanoscience? What are the Potential Benefits of MNT (Molecular Nanotechnology)? What are the Potential Dangers of Molecular Nanotechnology ? Related wise GEEK articles 6Slide 7: A chromallocyte is a lozenge-shaped mobile nanorobot , consisting of about four trillion atoms. What is chromallocyte? 7Slide 8: Chromallocyte in Chromosome Replacement Therapy 8Slide 9: A respirocyte is an engineering design for a machine that cannot be built with current technology: an artificial red blood cell a micron in diameter . What is Respirocyte? 9Slide 10: Respirocytes in the bloodstream 10Slide 11: Uncontrolled nanomachines Nanoweaponry What are the risks of Nano science 11Slide 12: Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) is a breakthrough science that combines principles of chemistry, biology and physics to propose microscopic devices on the nano-scale that would mechano chemically manipulate individual atoms and molecules for the purpose of constructing materials, eradicating disease, and restoring the environment; thus making the potential benefits of MNT wide-ranging and revolutionary. What is the potential Benefits of MNT? 12Slide 13: ABUNDANT CLEAN ENERGY ENERGYERADICATING DISEASE AND EXTENDING LIFE HEALING THE ENVIRONMENT SMART MATERIALS AND GREEN MANUFACTURING HELPING THIRD WORLD NATIONS COMPUTER MINIATURIZATION AND AI SPACE COLONIZATION To Name just a few potential benefits of MNT 13Slide 14: NANOWEAPONRY: THE NEWARMS RACE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND EXISTENTIAL DANGERS ECONOMIC IMPACT DANGERS OF REGULATION UBIQUITOUS SURVEILLANCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) AND ROBOTICS What are the potential dangers of MNT? 14 Powering of nanorobots: Powering of nanorobots The powering of the nanorobots can be done by metabolizing local glucose and oxygen for energy. In a clinical environment, another option would be externally supplied acoustic energy. Other sources of energy within the body can also be used to supply the necessary energy for the devices. They will have simple onboard computers capable of performing around 1000 or fewer computations per second. This is because their computing needs are simple. Communication with the device can be achieved by broadcast-type acoustic signaling 15Slide 16: NANOWEAPONRY: THE NEWARMS RACE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND EXISTENTIAL DANGERS ECONOMIC IMPACT DANGERS OF REGULATION UBIQUITOUS SURVEILLANCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) AND ROBOTICS What are the potential dangers of MNT? 16Slide 17: How Nanorobots Will Work The robot in this illustration swims through the arteries and veins using a pair of tail appendages. 17Slide 18: Powering of nanorobots The powering of the nanorobots can be done by metabolizing local glucose and oxygen for energy. In a clinical environment, another option would be externally supplied acoustic energy. Other sources of energy within the body can also be used to supply the necessary energy for the devices. They will have simple onboard computers capable of performing around 1000 or fewer computations per second. This is because their computing needs are simple. Communication with the device can be achieved by broadcast-type acoustic signaling. 18Nanorobot Locomotion: Nanorobot Locomotion Designers sometimes look at microscopic organisms for propulsion inspiration, like the Nanorobot flagellum on this e-coli cell. 19Slide 20: Breaking up blood clots Fighting cancer Parasite Removal Gout Cleaning wounds Take two bots and call me in the morning 20Teeny, Tiny Tools: Nanorobot tools will have to be small enough to manipulate cells like these red blood cells. : Teeny, Tiny Tools : Nanorobot tools will have to be small enough to manipulate cells like these red blood cells . 21Slide 22: FIELDS OF APPLICATION 22A mouthwash full of smart nanomachines: A mouthwash full of smart nanomachines 23Slide 24: Devices working in the bloodstream could nibble away at arteriosclerotic deposits, widening the affected blood vessels. Cell herding devices could restore artery walls and artery linings to health, by ensuring that the right cells and supporting structures are in the right places. This would prevent most heart attacks. Treating arteriosclerosis 24Slide 25: 25Medical nanodevices could augment the immune system by finding and disabling unwanted bacteria and viruses.: Medical nanodevices could augment the immune system by finding and disabling unwanted bacteria and viruses. 26Nanotechnology may lead to advanced cancer treatments: Nanotechnology may lead to advanced cancer treatments 27Slide 28: FIBRE OPTICS TECHNOLOGY : Utilized in endoscopic medicine.Fiber optic instruments are introduced into the body cavity through a tiny hole made on the body to either to investigate or treat and ailments. LASER TECHNOLOGY : Laser technology is utilized in cataract surgery and removal gall bladder stones. TELEMEDICINE : With these facility doctors in remote areas can benefit from the expertise of the specialist urban centers. SOUND WAVES : Utilized in investigative and therapeutic ultrasonography. NUCLEAR RADIATION : Utilized in the treatment of cancer and in investigations like x-ray. Few potential applicationsConclusion: Conclusion All of these current developments in technology directs humans a step closer to nanorobots and simple, operating nanorobots is the near future. Nanorobots can theoretically destroy all common diseases of the 2l st century thereby ending much of the pain and suffering. It can also have an alternative, practical uses such as improved mouthwash and cosmetic creams that can expand the commercial market in biomedical engineering. People can envision a future where people can self-diagnose their ‘own ailments with the help of nanorobot monitors in their bloodstream. Simple everyday illnesses can be cured without ever visiting the physician. 29Slide 30: I would like to thank our respected principal Dr.Mahalaxmi Mohan madam and all the other college faculty members for giving me this opportunity to give the seminar, I would like to thank Ashok Mateti sir for providing me the useful information about the topic, helping at each and every time constantly, thank you sir for your support and would also like to thank Mukunda Nageshwar sir for his reluctant support in organizing this seminar and helping me doing my best in all ways .References: References http://www.azonano.com/Details.asp?ArticleID=2035 Cristina Buzea, Ivan Pacheco, and Kevin Robbie (2007). "Nanomaterials and Nanoparticles: Sources and Toxicity" . Biointerphases 2 : MR17. N. Taniguchi (1974). On the Basic Concept of 'Nano-Technology . Proc. Intl. Conf. Prod. London, Part II British Society of Precision Engineering. Eric Drexler (1991). Nanosystems: Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing, and Computation. MIT PhD thesis . New York: Wiley. ISBN 0471575186 . Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, Daniel Moore, What is nanotechnology and why does it matter?: from science to ethics , pp.3-5, John Wiley and Sons, 2010 ISBN 1405175451 . S.K. Prasad, Modern Concepts in Nanotechnology , pp.31-32, Discovery Publishing House, 2008 ISBN 8183562965 . Kahn, Jennifer (2006). "Nanotechnology". National Geographic 2006 (June): 98–119. 31Slide 32: 32 Thank you You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.