NANO ROBOTS MEDICINE OF THE FUTURE

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MEDICINE OF THE FUTURE Ch. Poojitha Roll no:12080026 Priyadarshini College of Pharmaceutical Sciences NANOROBOTS 1 Presented by

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Nanotechnology Nanorobots Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) How Nanorobots Will Work Applications Conclusion References CONTENTS 2

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What Does Nanotechnology Mean? Nanotechnology is the engineering of functional systems at the molecular scale. It is the study of manipulating matter on an atomic and molecular scale. 3

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NANOROBOTS A nanorobot is a tiny machine designed to perform a specific task or tasks repeatedly and with precision at nanoscale dimensions, that is, dimensions of a few nanometer s (nm) or less, where 1 nm = 10 -9 meter They are nanodevices that will be used for the purpose of maintaining and protecting the human body against pathogens. 4

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Molecular Nanotechnology (MNT) The umbrella science of nanomedicine MNT describes engineered nanosystems (nanoscale machines) operating on the molecular scale. MNT is especially associated with the molecular assembler , a machine that can produce a desired structure. MNT IS based on the ability to build structures to complex, atomic specifications by means of mechanosynthesis . 5

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What is a Chromallocyte? What is a Respirocyte ? What are the Risks of Nanoscience? What are the Potential Benefits of MNT (Molecular Nanotechnology)? What are the Potential Dangers of Molecular Nanotechnology ? Related wise GEEK articles 6

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A chromallocyte is a lozenge-shaped mobile nanorobot , consisting of about four trillion atoms. What is chromallocyte? 7

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Chromallocyte in Chromosome Replacement Therapy 8

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A respirocyte is an engineering design for a machine that cannot be built with current technology: an artificial red blood cell a micron in diameter . What is Respirocyte? 9

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Respirocytes in the bloodstream 10

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Uncontrolled nanomachines Nanoweaponry What are the risks of Nano science 11

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Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) is a breakthrough science that combines principles of chemistry, biology and physics to propose microscopic devices on the nano-scale that would mechano chemically manipulate individual atoms and molecules for the purpose of constructing materials, eradicating disease, and restoring the environment; thus making the potential benefits of MNT wide-ranging and revolutionary. What is the potential Benefits of MNT? 12

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ABUNDANT CLEAN ENERGY ENERGYERADICATING DISEASE AND EXTENDING LIFE HEALING THE ENVIRONMENT SMART MATERIALS AND GREEN MANUFACTURING HELPING THIRD WORLD NATIONS COMPUTER MINIATURIZATION AND AI SPACE COLONIZATION To Name just a few potential benefits of MNT 13

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NANOWEAPONRY: THE NEWARMS RACE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND EXISTENTIAL DANGERS ECONOMIC IMPACT DANGERS OF REGULATION UBIQUITOUS SURVEILLANCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) AND ROBOTICS What are the potential dangers of MNT? 14

Powering of nanorobots:

Powering of nanorobots The powering of the nanorobots can be done by metabolizing local glucose and oxygen for energy. In a clinical environment, another option would be externally supplied acoustic energy. Other sources of energy within the body can also be used to supply the necessary energy for the devices. They will have simple onboard computers capable of performing around 1000 or fewer computations per second. This is because their computing needs are simple. Communication with the device can be achieved by broadcast-type acoustic signaling 15

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NANOWEAPONRY: THE NEWARMS RACE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND EXISTENTIAL DANGERS ECONOMIC IMPACT DANGERS OF REGULATION UBIQUITOUS SURVEILLANCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) AND ROBOTICS What are the potential dangers of MNT? 16

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How Nanorobots Will Work The robot in this illustration swims through the arteries and veins using a pair of tail appendages. 17

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Powering of nanorobots The powering of the nanorobots can be done by metabolizing local glucose and oxygen for energy. In a clinical environment, another option would be externally supplied acoustic energy. Other sources of energy within the body can also be used to supply the necessary energy for the devices. They will have simple onboard computers capable of performing around 1000 or fewer computations per second. This is because their computing needs are simple. Communication with the device can be achieved by broadcast-type acoustic signaling. 18

Nanorobot Locomotion:

Nanorobot Locomotion Designers sometimes look at microscopic organisms for propulsion inspiration, like the Nanorobot flagellum on this e-coli cell. 19

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Breaking up blood clots Fighting cancer Parasite Removal Gout Cleaning wounds Take two bots and call me in the morning 20

Teeny, Tiny Tools: Nanorobot tools will have to be small enough to manipulate cells like these red blood cells. :

Teeny, Tiny Tools : Nanorobot tools will have to be small enough to manipulate cells like these red blood cells . 21

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FIELDS OF APPLICATION 22

A mouthwash full of smart nanomachines:

A mouthwash full of smart nanomachines 23

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Devices working in the bloodstream could nibble away at arteriosclerotic deposits, widening the affected blood vessels. Cell herding devices could restore artery walls and artery linings to health, by ensuring that the right cells and supporting structures are in the right places. This would prevent most heart attacks. Treating arteriosclerosis 24

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Medical nanodevices could augment the immune system by finding and disabling unwanted bacteria and viruses.:

Medical nanodevices could augment the immune system by finding and disabling unwanted bacteria and viruses. 26

Nanotechnology may lead to advanced cancer treatments:

Nanotechnology may lead to advanced cancer treatments 27

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FIBRE OPTICS TECHNOLOGY : Utilized in endoscopic medicine.Fiber optic instruments are introduced into the body cavity through a tiny hole made on the body to either to investigate or treat and ailments. LASER TECHNOLOGY : Laser technology is utilized in cataract surgery and removal gall bladder stones. TELEMEDICINE : With these facility doctors in remote areas can benefit from the expertise of the specialist urban centers. SOUND WAVES : Utilized in investigative and therapeutic ultrasonography. NUCLEAR RADIATION : Utilized in the treatment of cancer and in investigations like x-ray. Few potential applications

Conclusion:

Conclusion All of these current developments in technology directs humans a step closer to nanorobots and simple, operating nanorobots is the near future. Nanorobots can theoretically destroy all common diseases of the 2l st century thereby ending much of the pain and suffering. It can also have an alternative, practical uses such as improved mouthwash and cosmetic creams that can expand the commercial market in biomedical engineering. People can envision a future where people can self-diagnose their ‘own ailments with the help of nanorobot monitors in their bloodstream. Simple everyday illnesses can be cured without ever visiting the physician. 29

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I would like to thank our respected principal Dr.Mahalaxmi Mohan madam and all the other college faculty members for giving me this opportunity to give the seminar, I would like to thank Ashok Mateti sir for providing me the useful information about the topic, helping at each and every time constantly, thank you sir for your support and would also like to thank Mukunda Nageshwar sir for his reluctant support in organizing this seminar and helping me doing my best in all ways .

References:

References http://www.azonano.com/Details.asp?ArticleID=2035 Cristina Buzea, Ivan Pacheco, and Kevin Robbie (2007). "Nanomaterials and Nanoparticles: Sources and Toxicity" . Biointerphases 2 : MR17. N. Taniguchi (1974). On the Basic Concept of 'Nano-Technology . Proc. Intl. Conf. Prod. London, Part II British Society of Precision Engineering. Eric Drexler (1991). Nanosystems: Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing, and Computation. MIT PhD thesis . New York: Wiley. ISBN 0471575186 . Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, Daniel Moore, What is nanotechnology and why does it matter?: from science to ethics , pp.3-5, John Wiley and Sons, 2010 ISBN 1405175451 . S.K. Prasad, Modern Concepts in Nanotechnology , pp.31-32, Discovery Publishing House, 2008 ISBN 8183562965 . Kahn, Jennifer (2006). "Nanotechnology". National Geographic 2006 (June): 98–119. 31

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32 Thank you

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