WEAVERS, IRON SMELTERS AND FACTORY OWNERS

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WEAVERS, IRON SMELTERS AND FACTORY OWNERS

INTRODUCTION :

INTRODUCTION This chapter tell the story of the crafts and industries of I ndia during British rule by focusing on two industries , namely , textiles and iron and steel.

INDIAN TEXTILES AND THE WORLD MARKET:

INDIAN TEXTILES AND THE WORLD MARKET Around 1750 , before the British conquered Bengal , India’s was by far the world’s largest producer of cotton textiles.

INDIAN TEXTILES IN EUROPEAN MARKET :

INDIAN TEXTILES IN EUROPEAN MARKET By the early eighteenth century , worried by the popularity of Indian Textiles , wool and silk markets in England began protesting against the import of Indian cotton textiles. The British government enacted a legislation banning the use of printed cotton textiles – chintz – in England. This act was known as the Calico Act.

Who were the weavers ?:

Who were the weavers ? Weavers often belonged to communities that specialized in weaving. Their skills were passed on from on generation to the next.

The decline of Indian textiles :

The decline of Indian textiles The development of cotton industries in Britain affected textile producers in India in several ways. Indian textiles now had to complete with British textiles in the European and American markets Exporting textiles to E ngland also became increasingly difficult since very high duties were imposed on Indian textiles imported into Britain .

Cotton mills come up:

Cotton mills come up The first cotton mill in India was set up as a spinning mill in Bombay in 1854. I t is an important port for the export of raw cotton from India to England and China.

Iron and Steel factories come up in India:

Iron and Steel factories come up in India The y ear was 1904. In the month of April, Charles Weld, an American geologist and Dorabji Tata , in search of iron ore deposits. A few years later a large area of forest was cleared on the banks of the river Subarnarekha to set up the factory and an industrial township – Jamshedpur.

Cont.:

Cont. The Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) that come up began producing steel in 1912. By the time, TISCO became the biggest steel industry within the British empire.

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