Sacraments of the Catholic Church

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Sacraments of the Catholic Church:

Sacraments of the Catholic Church

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Concept of Sacrament • People need myth, ritual and symbol • Signs move us from created things to creator • Ritual and symbols help express understanding of infinite • Signs become symbols of an invisible reality

PowerPoint Presentation:

‘Religious symbols have two important functions. First, they represent some significant reality; symbols represent invisible realities. Secondly, symbols affect that to which they refer, they draw people to the divine.’

PowerPoint Presentation:

Definitions of Sacraments • St. Augustine “Sacraments are visible signs of invisible grace.” • Baltimore catechism “A sacrament is an outward sign instituted by Christ to give grace.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

History of Sacraments • A move from mystery cult to sign and symbol. • Sacramental seal received through sacraments. • St. Augustine “ex opere operato ” • St. Thomas Aqinas Role of remembrance; demonstrative; prognostic

PowerPoint Presentation:

Baptism • One becomes a formal member of the Catholic Church. • A sharing in the kingship of Christ. • Washes away the stain of original sin.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Practice of Baptism in Christian History • Received by adults only • Candidates prepared through catechumenate . • Infant baptism developed with St. Augustine. • Godparents profess faith for infant

PowerPoint Presentation:

Confirmation • Passage from youth to adult faith. • Early church celebrated baptism, Eucharist and confirmation together. • A ratification of baptism • An adult opportunity to choose faith

PowerPoint Presentation:

Eucharist • Vatican II “the Eucharist is the summit toward which the activity of the Church is directed; it is also the font from which all her power flows.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Eucharist in the New Testament Five accounts of the Eucharist • Matthew 26:26-29 • Mark 14:22-25 • Luke 22:14-23 • John Chapter 6 • 1 Corinthians 11:23-26 • Liturgical; Last Supper & Resurrection; tradition in memory

PowerPoint Presentation:

Theology of Eucharist • Jesus’ real presence. • No longer bread and wine – body and blood of Jesus. • Eucharist is a sacrifice • Bloodless presentation of Christ on Calvary • A sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving

PowerPoint Presentation:

Eucharist & St. Thomas Aquinas • Real presence – bread & wine become body & blood. • ‘substance & accidents’ of Aristotle • Bread & wine change in substance, accidents do not. • ‘Transubstantiation’ philosophy explains theology. • Christ at Calvary present at Eucharist.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Eucharist and the Council of Trent • Martin Luther rejects real presence and sacrifice. • Martin Luther rejects ‘transubstantiation’ • Council Fathers affirm ‘transubstantiation’ and the real presence.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Eucharist and Inter-communion • Non- catholics cannot receive the Eucharist • Catholics are to refrain from non-catholic reception of Eucharist. • Reception of Eucharist in Eastern Rite Churches is allowed with restrictions.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Concept of Discipleship • Discipleship requires a sense of commitment. • Society short on loyalty • Jesus asks for a complete commitment • It is a share in Jesus’ ministry • Discipleship is personal and costly • Marriage and Priesthood reflect discipleship.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Marriage • Marriage a vocation of discipleship for others. • Marriage is a holy bond between one man and one woman. • Husband and wife become the sacrament, not received.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Scriptural understanding of Marriage • Gospels and St. Paul reflect the permanence of marriage. • Mark 10, Luke 16, Matthew 19, 1 Cor. 7 • Permanent unless proven invalid ◊ Permanent ◊ Open to new life ◊ Faithfulness

PowerPoint Presentation:

Theology of Marriage • St. Augustine saw marriage as good, but sex as negative. • St. Thomas Aquinas viewed consent and consummation as necessary. • Vatican II viewed “irrevocable personal consent.” • ‘finds it crowning glory’ in procreation and education of children.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Holy Orders • Old Testament scripture speaks of priesthood. • Levitical priesthood developed. • Presbyters lead faith communities. • Presbyter developed into sacramental priesthood. • Council of Trent brings order to Holy Orders. • Celibacy developed in imitation of Jesus

PowerPoint Presentation:

Concept of Sin • Fall of Adam and Eve • Noah & the flood • Moses and the 10 Commandments

PowerPoint Presentation:

Concept of Sin • Jesus taught sin came from the human heart. • St. Paul taught • temporal destruction of relationships. • Physical death due to sin • Sin alienates us from God

PowerPoint Presentation:

Concept of Sin • Sin leads to death; not all sin is deadly • Mortal sin • Venial sin • St. Thomas Aquinas • grave matter • sufficient reflection • full consent of will

PowerPoint Presentation:

Sacrament of Reconciliation • "If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.“ • The woman caught in adultery • Hope for reconciliation

PowerPoint Presentation:

History of Sacrament of Reconciliation • Communal to private celebration • Early understanding was only one time reception • Reconciliation and Eucharist

PowerPoint Presentation:

Celebration of Sacrament of Reconciliation • Vatican II brought new understanding • 1973 Rite of Penance • Rite 1 : For the reconciliation of individual penitents (for example, the Saturday afternoon confessions) • Rite 2 : For the reconciliation of several penitents with individual confession and absolution (for example, the Advent and Lent penance services) • Rite 3 : For the reconciliation of several penitents with general absolution (only allowed in exceptional cases in the United States)

PowerPoint Presentation:

Celebration of Sacrament of Reconciliation • Sacrament of Reconciliation brings healing • Act of penance • Absolution

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Seal of Confession Priest under seal; cannot reveal what is said in confession Even if relevant to criminal investigation Priest cannot use information gained from confession Penalty of excommunication for violation of the Seal of Confession

PowerPoint Presentation:

A

PowerPoint Presentation:

A

PowerPoint Presentation:

A

authorStream Live Help