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Chronic and Acute:

Chronic and Acute Chronic injuries are caused by continuous stress over a long period of time i.e. Golfers elbow, tennis elbow, shin splints Acute are caused by sudden stress i.e. Fractures, strains, sprains, concussion

How to prevent injuries:

How to prevent injuries Use correct equipment / clothing Environment Correct technique Rules / officials Warm up / cool down Equal opponents

Soft Tissue:

Soft Tissue OPEN or CLOSED Open – skin damaged i.e. Cuts, blisters, grazes Closed – no external bleeding i.e. Bruises, strains, sprains, dislocations, cartilage damage

Hard Tissue:

Hard Tissue Bone damage OPEN (compound) or CLOSED (simple) Usually accompanied by bruising and swelling (vessel damage) Lots of pain (damaged nerves)

Stress Fractures:

Stress Fractures Most bone injuries are acute Stress fracture is Chronic and is a crack along the length of the bone Shin splints are a form of stress fractures.

Joint Injuries:

Joint Injuries The knee Joint is a common place for an injury to occur. What other joints are common for injuries? Using the diagram of the knee joint indicate where injuries could happen? What sports are they more likely in? What treatment should be carried out?

Categories of injuries :

Categories of injuries SOFT TISSUE / HARD TISSUE OPEN / CLOSED ACUTE / CHRONIC Examples A closed hard tissue injury… An open soft tissue injury… A closed soft tissue injury… An acute soft tissue injury… A chronic hard tissue injury…

Treatment – soft tissue:

Treatment – soft tissue R est – stop immediately I ce – blood vessels contract to stop further swelling C ompression – reduce swelling (not too tight) E levation – blood flow reduced as working against gravity

Treatment – fractures /dislocations:

Treatment – fractures /dislocations Do not move the casualty Call for medical assistance Do not use RICE Immobilise the limb if possible Ensure the casualty is comfortable / warm Stay with them in case of shock Do not put any pressure on the part / joint

Other injuries:

Other injuries Concussion – put player into recovery position if unconscious, if not pass on advice for delayed concussion Complete the crossword on ‘other injuries’ using the words at the bottom of the sheet Tip – Heat Exhaustion is followed by Heat stroke (which is more severe)

Hypothermia / Dehydration:

Hypothermia / Dehydration Hypothermia – body temp falls below 35 ºC Exposed to extreme cold – mountain climb Pulse rate slower - result in unconsciousness Re-warming start from the body core Dehydration – water loss through sweat, urine, breathing (lose electrolytes) Can lead to liver glycogen deficiency and low blood glucose levels

Unconsciousness and emergency procedures:

Unconsciousness and emergency procedures How it happens – blow to the head, heart attack, fainting, stroke, shock, asphyxia When? Impact with something, raising pulse too high, blocking or compressing the wind pipe What to do – send for medical help and put in recovery position

D R A B C:

D R A B C D anger – are you or the casualty in danger R esponse – talk to casualty A irway - is it clear, tilt head back B reathing – check chest rising, use cheek to feel for breath C irculation – check for pulse

Recovery position:

Recovery position Teacher demonstration of recovery Pupils pair up to practice

CPR Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation :

CPR Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation This procedure is made up of Mouth to Mouth and Cardiac massage Mouth to mouth is only used if the casualty has a pulse and is NOT breathing If they have NO pulse you need to add cardiac massage

What to do?:

What to do? Using the following words fill in the blanks to complete the worksheet on Mouth to Mouth and Cardiac Massage away arrives chest breathe out Breathe nose head Lungs two open breathing once 15 down ventilation colour improvement pulse

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