logging in or signing up Educational Psychology -an introduction aryank Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 7280 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (19) Dislike it (0) Added: May 29, 2010 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 4 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... By: Devran (14 month(s) ago) slelamamaamm Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: 061073 (18 month(s) ago) Hi me Dr Rahim Khan i have left you a written message regarding downloading of educational psychology ppt.plz email me on the given adress email@example.com Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: 061073 (18 month(s) ago) Hi Dear i studied this amazing presentation i highly appreciate your effort plz if possible email me on the given adress as i intensly need it. I will be very very much thankful for so. my email: firstname.lastname@example.org Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: hafeez.9 (19 month(s) ago) i want to download this ppt.. Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: hafeez.9 (19 month(s) ago) good..... Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close loading.... See all Premium member Presentation Transcript EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY : Lalit Upadhyaya EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Defining Psychology : Defining Psychology Lalit Upadhyaya Study of Soul Grounds of rejection: : Grounds of rejection: Lalit Upadhyaya What is Soul ? How it can be studied ? Study of Mind : Study of Mind Lalit Upadhyaya What is mind? How it can be studied ? Study of Consciousness : Study of Consciousness Lalit Upadhyaya William James (Principals of Psychology,1890) defined psychology as- “the description and explanation of state of consciousness as such”. Supported by-Wilhelm Wundt (first psychology laboratory, Germany) Instrument : Introspection (the process of looking within.) Grounds of rejection : Grounds of rejection Lalit Upadhyaya Very narrow range (has left sub-consciousness & unconsciousness) Entirely subjective approach (based on introspection- a lower order method) Could not include the study of the consciousness of the animals. Study of Behaviour : Study of Behaviour Lalit Upadhyaya Shift form philosophical approach to scientific approach (19th century) William McDougall (British Psychologist , Psychological Psychology,1905) – “Psychology may be best and most comprehensively defined as the positive science of the conduct of living creators”. …….(Introduction to Social Psychology,1908) “Psychology is a science which aims to give us better understanding and control of the behaviour of the organism as a whole. Slide 8: Lalit Upadhyaya Pillsbury (1911) “Psychology may be most satisfactorily defined as the science of human behaviour”. J. B. Watson(1913, Father of Behaviourism) “Psychology is the positive science of behaviour”. Conclusion : Conclusion Lalit Upadhyaya Introspection is dismissed. Psychology is redefined as “the scientific study of observable behavior.” Science is rooted in observation. Woodworth(1948)- “First psychology lost its soul, then its mind, then it lost its consciousness . It still has behaviour of a sort”. What do we actually mean by the term ‘behaviour’? : What do we actually mean by the term ‘behaviour’? Lalit Upadhyaya Woodworth(1948)- “Any manifestation of life is activity and behaviour is a collective name of these activities”. Thus behaviour includes all conscious, sub-conscious and unconscious activities of the human mind, hence covers not only the overt but also the covert behaviour involving all inner experiences and mental processes. Scope : Scope Lalit Upadhyaya Education : Education Lalit Upadhyaya “Education is the process of development which consists the passage of human being from infancy to maturity, the process whereby he adapts himself gradually in various ways to his physical, social and spiritual environment.” - T. Raymont Contribution of Psy. To Edu. : Contribution of Psy. To Edu. Lalit Upadhyaya Aims of education Curriculum Teaching methods Child Group Contribution of Psy. To Edu. Contd. : Contribution of Psy. To Edu. Contd. Lalit Upadhyaya Teacher Discipline School Organization Guidance Evaluation & Measurement Educational Research & Innovation “The science most basic to education is Psychology.”-Skinner Educational Psychology (1900A.D.) : Educational Psychology (1900A.D.) Lalit Upadhyaya Skinner- “Educational psychology is that branch of the psychology which deals with teaching and learning”. Crow & Crow- ”Educational psychology describes and explains the learning experiences of an individual from birth through old age”. Slide 16: Lalit Upadhyaya W. B. Kolesnik- “Educational Psychology is the application of theories and findings of psychology in the field of education.” Trow- “Educational Psychology is the study of the psychological aspects of educational situations.” Conclusions : Conclusions Lalit Upadhyaya It is a science that supplements the process of education. Studies the problems of education. Educational psychology describes the behaviour of the educand and seeks to explain it in terms of his inner urges, motives, drives and the environmental influences to which he is subjected. Helps the teachers, educators and the learner. Slide 18: Educational psychology is the science of education which mainly deals with problems of teaching and learning and helps the teacher in his task of modifying the learner’s behaviour and bringing about an all-round development of his personality. Lalit Upadhyaya Nature of Edu. Psy. : Nature of Edu. Psy. Lalit Upadhyaya Nature of educational psychology is nothing but Scientific. Possesses a well-organized , systematic and universally accepted body of facts supported by the relevant psychological laws and principals. Emphasizes the search of the truth. It employs scientific methods and adopts a scientific approach for studying the learner’s behaviour. (setting and verifying hypotheses) Nature of Edu. Psy. Contd.. : Nature of Edu. Psy. Contd.. Lalit Upadhyaya Mostly concerned with the ‘what’ and the ‘why’ of happenings in the present instead of caring for the past Does not accept hearsay and does not take anything for granted. The generalizations arrived at and conclusions reached through the study of educational psychology are sufficiently reliable and thus like the science these can be used for prediction of behaviour in a similar situation. Scope of Educational Psychology : Scope of Educational Psychology Lalit Upadhyaya Who is being Educated ? : Who is being Educated ? Lalit Upadhyaya LEARNER : the process and pattern of growth and development during different stages of an individual’s life his instincts and other innate abilities the learned and acquired abilities individual differences- abilities, capabilities, interests, aptitudes, intelligence, creativity, etc. By Whom is the Learner to be Taught ? : By Whom is the Learner to be Taught ? TEACHER: Personality traits and characteristics of good teachers Duties and responsibilities of a teacher Measures for knowing and doing away with his own conflicts, anxiety and tension Teacher’s motivation, level of aspiration, adjustment and mental health. Lalit Upadhyaya What is to be taught? : What is to be taught? Educational psychology plays its role in deciding the type of learning experiences suitable for the children at each developmental stage by keeping in view the differences in their potentialities. Thus helps to plan, select and arrange learning experiences in framing the syllabi or curriculum. Lalit Upadhyaya How are the learning experiences to be provided ? : How are the learning experiences to be provided ? Nature, laws and theories of learning Remembering and Forgetting Means of effective learning & memorization Transfer of learning or training Sensation & Perception Concept formation Interest and Attitude formation thinking, reasoning, and problem solving behaviour etc. Lalit Upadhyaya When and Where are the L. Ex. to be provided? : When and Where are the L. Ex. to be provided? Lalit Upadhyaya The effectiveness of a teaching – learning programme depends largely on the suitability of the teaching-learning situations in terms of time, place and other environmental factors. Thus include : Classroom climate Institutional/organizational climate Individual, self, supervised and group study Factors affecting attention Role of reward and punishment Group behaviour and group dynamics Guidance and counseling Summary : Summary Lalit Upadhyaya Knowing the learner; Enabling the teacher to know his self, his strengths and limitations and to acquire essential teacher-like traits; Selection and organization of proper learning experiences suited to the individuality and developmental stages of the learner; Suggesting suitable methods an for providing the desired d techniques learning experiences; and In arranging proper learning situations. FUNCTIONS OF EDU. PSY. : FUNCTIONS OF EDU. PSY. To understand developmental characteristics To understand the nature of learning To understand individual differences To understand effective teaching methods To understand problems of children Lalit Upadhyaya FUNCTIONS OF EDU. PSY. : FUNCTIONS OF EDU. PSY. Knowledge of mental health Curriculum construction Measurement of learning outcomes Education of exceptional children Understanding of group dynamics Lalit Upadhyaya FUNCTIONS OF EDU. PSY. : FUNCTIONS OF EDU. PSY. Use of teaching –learning materials Educational Administration: *time table *co-curricular activities *distribution of duties *discipline, etc. Lalit Upadhyaya UTILITY FOR TEACHERS : UTILITY FOR TEACHERS “Educational psychology is the foundation stone in the preparation of teachers.”---Skinner Lalit Upadhyaya Theoretical point of view : Theoretical point of view Knowledge of the following: Lalit Upadhyaya Growth & development Individual differences Personality Learning Teaching methods Classroom management Groups Teaching –learning process Mental health Education guidance and counseling Education evaluation Practical point of view : Practical point of view Lalit Upadhyaya Helps to fulfill educational aims and objectives Helps in curriculum development Helps to organize co-curricular activities Helps to prepare the time-table Helps to choose appropriate teaching method Helps to us3e audio-visual aids Helps to write text-books and reference book efficiently Helps in the remedy of child delinquency Helps in educational research and innovative Psychological features of modern education : Psychological features of modern education Child- centered education Education based on individual differences Importance to the environment Emphasis on co-curricular activities Emphasis on learning by doing Improvement in curriculum Development of new teaching method New attitude towards discipline Strong relationship between school, family and society Use of new evaluation techniques Lalit Upadhyaya You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.