Agriculture - India

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Presentation Transcript

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AGRICULTURE : 

7 AGRICULTURE PREPARED BY: ARVIND TIRKEY CHAPTER-10 CLASS - X

AGRICULTURE : 

8 AGRICULTURE ETYMOLOGICAL MEANING

AGRICULTURE : 

9 AGRICULTURE LAND CULTIVATION TILLING OF LAND SOWING OF SEEDS IRRIGATION HARVESTING SELLING ANIMAL HUSBANDRY BREEDING UPBRINGING FOOD SELLING REARING OF LIVESTOCK BREEDING UPBRINGING FOOD & OTHER NEEDS – EGGS, MILK, MEAT, HIDES & SKIN, WOOL etc.

AGRICULTURAL SEASONS : 

10 AGRICULTURAL SEASONS

KHARIF : 

11 KHARIF RAINY SEASON TO AUTUMN SEASON (JUNE TILL BEGINNING OF NOVEMBER) MAJOR CROPS RICE, MAIZE, COTTON, JUTE & GROUNDNUT ETC.

RABI : 

12 RABI WINTER SEASON (OCT-NOV TO MAR-APR) MAJOR CROPS WHEAT, GRAINS, TOBACCO & MUSTARD ETC.

ZAID : 

13 ZAID EXTRA CROP SUMMER MONTH OF APRIL, MAY & JUNE MAJOR CROPS (FRUITS & VEGETABLES)

TYPES OF FARMING : 

s.s.i.e.p.m.c 14 TYPES OF FARMING SHIFTING AGRICULTURE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE EXTENSIVE AGRICULTURE PLANTATION FARMING MIXED FARMING COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE S.S.I.E.P.M.C

TYPES OF FARMING : 

15 TYPES OF FARMING MONOCULTURE (SINGLE CROP PLANTATION) HUMID FARMING IRRIGATED FARMING DRY FARMING M.H.I.D

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INDIAN AGRICULTURE: PROBLEMS : 

17 INDIAN AGRICULTURE: PROBLEMS UNRELIABLE RAINFALL LANDHOLDING TENANCY PRACTICE SOIL EROSION SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE REPETITIVE CULTIVATION OF TWO STAPLE CROPS INSUFFICIENT IRRIGATION LOW PRODUCTIVITY PLANTATION AND COMMERCIAL CROPS HUMAN FACTORS SHIFTING CULTIVATION

SOLUTIONS : 

18 CONTINUOUS IRRIGATION HIGH YIELDING VARIETIES (HYV) SEEDS CONSOLIDATION OF LANDHOLDINGS FERTILISERS INSECTICIDES & PESTICIDES LAND REFORMS IMPROVED RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AGRICULTURAL CREDIT AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITIES SOLUTIONS