WWI - WWII - Cold War - Korean War

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Presentation Description

Events between WWI to Korean War, Political & Economic changes during Cold War

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By: katr03 (96 month(s) ago)

I enjoyed viewing your PowerPoint. I think it could be beneficial to my students. Is there any way I can get a copy of it.

By: arvindtirkey (96 month(s) ago)

Hi. Thanks for your compliment. I am not against sharing my ppts, but this is the medium where I share. You can use my ppt from authorstream in anyway you want. Since I am sharing it through authorstream, that is why I have not written my name on any of the slide. So please feel free to use my ppt in your class. Hope your students would like the ppt too :-)

 

Presentation Transcript

The world in Turmoil:

1918-1945 The world in Turmoil

Objective: :

Objective: Understand how the United States and the USSR emerged as the two dominant world powers following the end of World War II. 2

Warm Up::

Warm Up: What was World War I about? Who was involved in World War I? Why there was so much of conflict existing in the World? 3

End of World War I:

End of World War I After a bitter and long four year struggle, World War I ends on November 11, 1918 The Allied powers (Britain, France, US, and Japan ) emerge victorious, while Germany and its allies (Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire) were defeated What country is not mentioned here? 4

What happened to Russia?:

What happened to Russia? How did Russia feel going into the war? Why did people revolt in Russia? What is the impact of Revolution? 5

Effects of WWI on Russia:

Effects of WWI on Russia In Russia, the Czar was overthrown by the Communists in October 1917 The world’s first communist nation—the USSR is created Union of Soviet Socialist Republics One of the initial goals of this new nation was to spread communism worldwide. (for what?) 6

Vladimir Lenin to Joseph Stalin:

Vladimir Lenin to Joseph Stalin 7

Stalin:

Stalin What are some important things to note about Stalin? 8

Germany:

Germany The aftermath of WWI 9

Impact of the War:

Impact of the War 9 million men dead 21 million men wounded “Lost Generation” Economically devastating and costly disillusionment 10

Paris Peace Conference:

Paris Peace Conference After the end of World War I, the world’s leading powers meet at the Paris Peace Conference to determine the fate of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire 11

The Big Three:

The Big Three David Lloyd George of Great Britain George Clemenceau of France Woodrow Wilson of the US Germany not represented Russia not represented WHY ? 12

What was decided on?:

What was decided on? 13

Treaty of Versailles :

Treaty of Versailles Limits are set on the size of the German Army German must bare the sole responsibility for the war (War Guilt Clause) Germany loses territory (Alsace-Lorraine given back to France) Germany forced to pay war reparations Creation of a League of Nations Watch the Video: Punishing Germany. Do you think clauses mentioned in Treaty of Versailles were logical and appropriate enough for the self-respect & dignity of a country? 14

Europe in 1914:

Europe in 1914 15

Europe after WWI. *Geopolitical Re-arrangement*:

16 Europe after WWI . *Geopolitical Re-arrangement*

Reparations:

Reparations What are reparations? What could be the impact of reparations on Germany? - Economy ? Sentiments ? Image? Based on the Video: Punishing Germany, comment: how much was the reparation cost imposed on Germany? Was Germany in a position to pay that amount to the Winning countries? 17

The United States:

The United States The US had entered the war late—only in 1917 (Why it entered late into the war?) According to US President Woodrow Wilson, the US had no territorial ambitions; rather, it was the goal of the US to “make the world safe for democracy.” However, during the Paris Peace Conference, the US saw that the major European powers had no real desire to change 18

Crush Germany:

Crush Germany Unlike Wilson’s idea of “Peace without Victory” other European powers wanted to strip Germany of all its power. Why??? US response: Policy of Isolation (similar to the Soviets) 19

US Rejects the League of Nations:

US Rejects the League of Nations 20

Korea and the Paris Peace Conference:

Korea and the Paris Peace Conference Korea actually sends a delegation to the Paris Peace Conference to plea for its independence However, this request is rejected Why do you think that this was the case? 21

Reflection :

Reflection What kind of impact will the Treaty of Versailles have on Germany? Why? 22

Part II: WWII:

Part II: WWII 23

Warm UP: :

Warm UP: What did the world look like after the end of WWI? 24

World Wide Depression:

World Wide Depression During the 1930s, a worldwide economic depression hits In many nations, economies collapse and millions of people lose their jobs This situation contributes to the collapse of democracy in Germany and the rise of Adolph Hitler 25

Situation in Germany during & after WWI :

Situation in Germany during & after WWI What led to rise of Hitler in the country? 26

Change in German Politics 1 Fall of Monarchy……….:

German Monarch: Kaiser Wilhelm didn’t care about people, country & economy, and kept the country engaged in war. People lost faith in their Monarch. When Germany lost in WWI, Kaiser Wilhelm was brought down. New Government System was implemented in the country. What was it called? Change in German Politics 1 Fall of Monarchy………. 27

PowerPoint Presentation:

The New Democratic Government right after WWI was known as Weimer Republic. This government was not able to manage the country. Country ran into Economic depression: Inflation. People didn’t have money, job and any means of livelihood. They lost faith in Democratic government too. This led to the rise of a new leader ?? And a new political system in the country. Change in German Politics 2 Fall of Democracy………….& Rise of Dictatorship 28

Nazism: :

Nazism: 29

PowerPoint Presentation:

30

Adolf Hitler:

Adolf Hitler 31 Video 1 Video 2 How he initially rose to power? Impressive speeches.

Hitler’s Policies::

Hitler’s Policies: Revives German economy Promotes Anti-Semitism (anti-Jewish feelings); blames the Jews for all of Germany’s problems Promotes the expansion of Germany’s territory Revise the Treaty of Versailles (did exactly what was mentioned in the treaty) 32

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: 33

German Expansion with Hitler: http://unimaps.com/nazi_european_occupation_timeline/index.html:

German Expansion with Hitler : http:// unimaps.com / nazi_european_occupation_timeline / index.html Germany right after Treaty of Versailles 34

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: Germany under Nazism 35

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: German territorial expansion started with Nazism 36

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: WWII Started: Aggressive Germany 37

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: WWII: Germany taking over other countries 1 38

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: WWII: Germany taking over other countries 2 39

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: WWII: Germany taking over other countries 3 40

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: WWII: Allied Powers gaining areas in African areas (bottom part of the map 41

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: 42

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: 43

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: 44

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: 45

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: 46

German Expansion with Hitler::

German Expansion with Hitler: 47

Japan also expands in Asia:

Japan also expands in Asia 48

Outbreak of WWII::

Outbreak of WWII: Germany’s desire for more and more territory leads to the outbreak of WWII in 1939 As in WWI, France and Britain are Germany’s opponents Germany’s allies are Japan and Italy Russia also allies itself with Germany The United States remains neutral 49

US enters the War: Pearl Harbor:

US enters the War: Pearl Harbor 50

Germany Attacks USSR:

Germany Attacks USSR 51

Temporary Alliance:

Temporary Alliance 52

End of World War II :

End of World War II In 1945, Germany and Japan are defeated At the end of World War II, the United States and the USSR emerge as the world’s two strongest nations They become known as Superpowers Both try to spread their ideas and values to other nations Both try to gain world domination 53

US and USSR:

US and USSR What was their relationship like during WWII? Common goals? How may their relationship change after WWII? 54

PowerPoint Presentation:

55

Iron Curtain :

Iron Curtain 56

USSR Explodes Nuclear Bo:

USSR Explodes Nuclear Bo 57

1949:

1949 USSR explodes an atom bomb Communist take over in China How would this impact the US? 58

PowerPoint Presentation:

WWII sets the stage for the Cold War, the struggle between communism and capitalism for world domination 59

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