EDUCATION IN INDIA

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EDUCATION IN INDIA:

EDUCATION IN INDIA By, S.VIVEK, R.ARUN SUNDAR. CIVIL DEPT III-YEAR-’B’

WHAT IS EDUCATION:

WHAT IS EDUCATION Education  in its general sense is a form of  learning  in which the  knowledge ,  skills , and  habits  of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but may also be  autodidactic .  Any  experience  that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. Education is commonly divided into stages such as  preschool ,  primary school ,  secondary school  and then college ,  university  or  apprenticeship . A  right to education  has been recognized by some governments. At the global level, Article 13 of the  United Nations ' 1966  International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights  recognizes the right of everyone to an education.

IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION:

IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION Education plays an important role in shaping an individual’s career. The level of education helps people to earn recognition and respect in the society. Undoubtedly education is both socially & personally an indispensible part of human life. However the inequalities in the standards of education are still a major issue that needs to be solved as early as it could be. The importance of education is our life cannot be ignored at any cost. Education is the only way to get knowledge.

IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION:

IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION For instance, you can gain huge amount of information by reading books for the subject you are interested in such as current affairs, mathematics, exchange rates and so on. Better education can make a person more civilized and useful for the society. One cannot image a prosperous life without appropriate education. Education also helps to develop healthy surroundings. Every object that a mankind creates is based over the knowledge that he attains through education. The more the society develops the more life becomes dependent over education. The main idea behind assisting scientists to invent devices and equipments are result of good education.

IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION:

IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION Though education plays a major role in shaping our society still on an average it is seen that education is not the same (or not as good as it should be) in different areas. Every year government is taking huge efforts and plan strategies to maintain the quality of education everywhere because the development of a nation is dependent directly upon the standard of its education. Life would be detrimental and disastrous without quality education. Hence it is the prime duty of mankind to try to make education available in every part of the world

EDUCATION TO ALL:

EDUCATION TO ALL Free and compulsory education to all children up to the age fourteen is constitutional commitment in India. The Parliament of India has recently passed  Right to Education Act  through which education has become fundamental right of all children of age group 6-14 year. The site -  Education for All (EFA) in India   presents up-to-date information regarding activities initiated in the field of elementary education in India.

EDUCATION TO ALL:

EDUCATION TO ALL It presents National Policy on Education  (1986,NPE)   & its  Programme of Action  (POA, 1994)  as well as goals and objectives of Education for All  in India. A separate section is devoted on to District Primary Education Programme   (DPEP)   in terms of its framework, planning methodology adopted in developing District Primary Education Plans. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) ,  launched in 2001is the most recent initiatives of the Government of India, which presents its guidelines, planning methodology, data on elementary education created under  District Information System for Education (DISE) ,  list of districts covered, addresses of state implementation societies and outcome of the  research studies  conducted on s chool  attendance, teachers absenteeism, out-of-school children,  mid-day meal   and many other aspects of elementary education in India. The site has got separate channel for  Educational Management Information System (EMIS)  and presents  school, district and state report cards  as well as elementary education in rural and urban India and  DISE Flash Statistics  and analysis of data in the form of  Elementary Education in India: Progress towards UEE , Analytical Report  for 2006-07 and previous years.

EDUCATION TO ALL:

EDUCATION TO ALL In addition, district-specific information on key variables concerning all the aspects of universal elementary education (UEE)   is also presented. The site presents recent activities towards  Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA ) which is the most recent initiative of Government of India to achieve the goal of  universalisation of secondary education  ( USE). It has got separate channel for educational statistics and presents   Selected Educational Statistics  brought out by the  Ministry of Human Resource Development   (MHRD)  for different years. In addition, the site also presents s tate and  district-wise population  (male, female & total, sex ratio, child sex ratio (o-6 year), density of population, population by religions, workers and non-workers and other such variables) and  literacy rates  (male, female & total, rural and urban areas and scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) based on  2001 Census .

Education in india:

Education in india Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector , with control and funding coming from three levels: central , state , and local . Under various articles of the Indian Constitution , free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between the ages of 6 and 14. India has made progress in terms of increasing the primary education attendance rate and expanding literacy to approximately three-quarters of the population in the 7-100 age group, by 2011. India's improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to the economic rise of India . Much of the progress, especially in higher education and scientific research, has been credited to various public institution. About 60% of the students go to public schools and 40% to private; the private education market in India had a revenue of US$450 million in 2008, but is projected to be a US$40 billion market.

levels of education:

levels of education An Overview Of The Levels of Education in India The type of education systems in India can be classified as: 1) Pre primary education in India: Pre-primary school education in India is not a fundamental right and is divided into two levels – Lower KG ( for children between 3 – 4 years) and Upper KG ( for children between 4 – 5 years). 2) Primary Education in India: This serves as the link between primary school and elementary education. However, not much emphasis is laid on this level by the prevailing education system and policies in this regard continue to exist solely on paper. 3) Elementary Education: The Government has made elementary education compulsory for children between the age group of years 6 and 14. 4) Secondary Education in India : Serves as a link between elementary and higher education in the Indian education setup, which draws a blank again as far as policy is concerned. 5) Higher Education in India : Under graduate and post graduate level: After completion of secondary education, students can choose fields of their interest and pursue undergraduate and then post graduate courses.

Eduction system:

Eduction system The NCERT – Apex Body for curriculum: As far as school education and its functions are concerned, the National Council of Educational Research and Training takes care of all curriculum related matters. Various schools in the country seek technical assistance from this body. State Government Boards: Since 80% of the schools in India are managed by the government, this is the board under which the most children in India get enrolled. The Board of Secondary Education across major states has achieved its objectives of developing various systems. CBSE: The Central Board of Secondary Education which falls under the purview of the Central Government is a board of education for both public and private schools in India. ICSE: The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations Board is a non-governmental and private education board for education in India. NIOS: Established by the Government of India and the Ministry for Human Resource Development in 1989, the National Institute of Schooling Board aims at providing quality education in rural areas in a inexpensive manner.

Private schools:

Private schools According to current estimates, 80% of all schools are government schools making the government the major provider of education. However, because of poor quality of public education, 27% of Indian children are privately educated. With more than 50% children enrolling in private schools in urban areas, the balance has already tilted towards private schooling in cities; even in rural areas, nearly 20% of the children in 2004-5 were enrolled in private schools. Many privately owned and managed schools carry the appellation "Public", such as the Delhi Public Schools , or Frank Anthony Public Schools . These are modeled after British public schools , which are a group of older, expensive and exclusive fee-paying private independent schools in England.

Home schooling:

Home schooling Homeschooling is legal in India , though it is the less explored option. The Indian Government's stance on the issue is that parents are free to teach their children at home, if they wish to and have the means. HRD Minister Kapil Sibal has stated that despite the RTE Act of 2009, if someone decides not to send his/her children to school, the government would not interfere.

Women’s education:

Women’s education Women have a much lower literacy rate than men. Far fewer girls are enrolled in the schools, and many of them drop out. In the patriarchal setting of the Indian family, girls have lower status and fewer privileges than boy children.Conservative cultural attitudes prevents some girls from attending school. The number of literate women among the female population of India was between 2–6% from the British Raj onwards to the formation of the Republic of India in 1947.Concerted efforts led to improvement from 15.3% in 1961 to 28.5% in 1981. By 2001 literacy for women had exceeded 50% of the overall female population, though these statistics were still very low compared to world standards and even male literacy within India. Recently the Indian government has launched Saakshar Bharat Mission for Female Literacy . This mission aims to bring down female illiteracy by half of its present level. Sita Anantha Raman outlines the progress of women's education in India:

Rural education:

Rural education Following independence, India viewed education as an effective tool for bringing social change through community development. The administrative control was effectively initiated in the 1950s, when, in 1952, the government grouped villages under a Community Development Block—an authority under national programme which could control education in up to 100 villages. A Block Development Officer oversaw a geographical area of 150 square miles (390 km2) which could contain a population of as many as 70000 people.

Points to impove the education system:

Points to impove the education system Focus on skill based education Our education system is geared towards teaching and testing knowledge at every level as opposed to teaching skills. “Give a man a fish and you feed him one day, teach him how to catch fishes and you feed him for a lifetime.”  I believe that if you teach a man a skill, you enable him for a lifetime. Knowledge is largely forgotten after the semester exam is over. Still, year after year Indian students focus on cramming information. The best crammers are rewarded by the system. This is one of the fundamental flaws of our education system.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Reward creativity, original thinking, research and innovation Our education system rarely rewards what deserves highest academic accolades. Deviance is discouraged. Risk taking is mocked. Our testing and marking systems need to be built to recognize original contributions, in form of creativity, problem solving, valuable original research and innovation. If we could do this successfully Indian education system would have changed overnight. Memorising is no learning; the biggest flaw in our education system is perhaps that it incentivizes memorizing above originality.

PowerPoint Presentation:

 Get smarter people to teach For way too long teaching became the sanctuary of the incompetent. Teaching jobs are until today widely regarded as safe, well-paying, risk-free and low-pressure jobs. Once a teacher told me in high school “Well, if you guys don’t study it is entirely your loss – I will get my salary at the end of the month anyway.” He could not put across the lack of incentive for being good at teaching any better. Thousands of terrible teachers all over India are wasting valuable time of young children every day all over India.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Implement massive technology infrastructure for education India needs to embrace internet and technology if it has to teach all of its huge population, the majority of which is located in remote villages. Now that we have computers and internet, it makes sense to invest in technological infrastructure that will make access to knowledge easier than ever. Instead of focussing on outdated models of brick and mortar colleges and universities, we need to create educational delivery mechanisms that can actually take the wealth of human knowledge to the masses. The tools for this dissemination will be cheap smartphones, tablets and computers with high speed internet connection. While all these are becoming more possible than ever before, there is lot of innovation yet to take place in this space.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Re-define the purpose of the education system Our education system is still a colonial education system geared towards generating babus and pen-pushers under the newly acquired skin of modernity. We may have the most number of engineering graduates in the world, but that certainly has not translated into much technological innovation here. Rather, we are busy running the call centres of the rest of the world – that is where our engineering skills end. The goal of our new education system should be to create entrepreneurs, innovators, artists, scientists, thinkers and writers who can establish the foundation of a knowledge based economy rather than the low-quality service provider nation that we are turning into. Effective deregulation Until today, an institute of higher education in India must be operating on a not-for profit basis. This is discouraging for entrepreneurs and innovators who could have worked in these spaces. On the other hand, many people are using education institutions to hide their black money, and often earning a hefty income from education business through clever structuring and therefore bypassing the rule with respect to not earning profit from recognized educational institutions. As a matter of fact, private equity companies have been investing in some education service provider companies which in turn provide services to not-for-profit educational institutions and earn enviable profits. Sometimes these institutes are so costly that they are outside the rich of most Indian students. Take mediocrity out of the system Our education system today encourages mediocrity – in students, in teachers, throughout the system. It is easy to survive as a mediocre student, or a mediocre tea

PowerPoint Presentation:

Make reservation irrelevant We have reservation in education today because education is not available universally. Education has to be rationed. This is not a long –term solution. If we want to emerge as a country build on a knowledge economy, driven by highly educated people – we need to make good education so universally available that reservation will lose its meaning. There is no reservation in online education – because it scales. Today top universities worldwide are taking various courses online, and today you can easily attend a live class taught by a top professor of Harvard University online if you want, no matter which country is belong to. This is the future, this is the easy way to beat reservation and make it inconsequential.

THANK YOU……..:

THANK YOU……..

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