KNOWLEDGE LEVEL OF FARMERS ABOUT MAIZE RODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

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Knowledge about innovation may be an important factor affecting the adoption behavior of farmers. The farmers who have more knowledge about newly developed technology also have more level of adoption of technology compare than those who have low knowledge. Operationally knowledge was used in this study as actual knowledge of farmers regarding maize production technology. The present study was investigating the overall level of knowledge about maize (Zea mays) production technology of rice-maize grower families of Durg district of Chhattisgarh state. Data was collected from rice-maize grower families that were selected randomly from each selected 12 villages to make a sample size of 120 rice-maize farm families, with the help of pre-tested interview schedule. The result reveals that the maximum of the respondents (48.33%) had medium level of overall knowledge, followed by 29.17 per cent of them had high level of knowledge and 22.50 per cent of them had low level of overall knowledge knowledge about maize production technology.

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Corresponding Author ________________________________________________ Journal of Plant Development Sciences Vol. 1010 : 575-578. 2018 KNOWLEDGE LEVEL OF FARMERS ABOUT MAIZE ZEA MAYS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY IN DURG DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH STATE Lokesh Ahirwar and M.A. Khan Department of Agricultural Extension College of Agriculture Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidhayalya Krishak Nagar Chhattisgarh Email: arunahirwar1gmail.com Received-06.10.2018 Revised-24.10.2018 Abstract: Knowledge about innovation may be an important factor affecting the adoption behavior of farmers. The farmers who have more knowledge about newly developed technology also have more level of adoption of technology compare than those who have low knowledge. Operationally knowledge was used in this study as actual knowledge of farmers regarding maize production technology. The present study was investigating the overall level of knowledge about maize Zea mays production technology of rice-maize grower families of Durg district of Chhattisgarh state. Data was collected from rice- maize grower families that were selected randomly from each selected 12 villages to make a sample size of 120 rice-maize farm families with the help of pre-tested interview schedule. The result reveals that the maximum of the respondents 48.33 had medium level of overall knowledge followed by 29.17 per cent of them had high level of knowledge and 22.50 per cent of them had low level of overall knowledge knowledge about maize production technology. Keywords: Knowledge Maize Production Technology Rice-Maize Cropping system INTRODUCTION n India maize is the third most important food crops after rice and wheat. According to advance estimate its production is likely to be 19.30 million tons 2016-17 mainly during kharif season which covers 80 per cent area. Maize in India contributes nearly 9 per cent in the national food basket. In addition to staple food for human being and quality feed for animals maize serves as a basic raw material as an ingredient to thousands of industrial products that includes starch oil protein alcoholic beverages food sweeteners pharmaceutical cosmetic film textile gum package and paper industries etc. Maize is cultivated throughout the year in all states of the country for various purposes including grain fodder green cobs sweet corn baby corn popcorn in pry-urban areas. In India the predominant maize growing states that contributes more than 80.00 per cent of the total maize production are Andhra Pradesh 20.90 Karnataka 16.50 Rajasthan 09.90 Maharashtra 09.10 Bihar 08.90 Uttar Pradesh 06.10 Madhya Pradesh 05.70 Himachal Pradesh 4.4 . Apart from these states maize is also grown in Jammu and Kashmir and North-Eastern states. Hence the maize has emerged as important crop in the non-traditional regions i.e. peninsular India as the state like Andhra Pradesh which ranks 5th in area 0.79 m ha has recorded the highest production 4.14 m t and productivity 5.26 t ha -1 in the country although the productivity in some of the districts of Andhra Pradesh is more or equal to the USA. Jat et al. 2009 revealed that Rice-maize systems are practiced mostly in the south Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu and Karnataka and in the northeast Bihar and West Bengal parts of India with acreage of more than 0.5 Mha Andhra Pradesh has the highest acreage under R-M system in South India where this system is rapidly increasing under resource-conserving technologies mostly zero tillage. Dhruw 2008 maize crop is cultivated in Chhattisgarh in 1.51 lakh ha area and its productivity is 1.2 tonnes per ha which is very low compared to national productivity 1.6 tons per ha. Narbaria 2013 reported that the majority of respondents 57.15 had 2-3 years of experience followed by 30.15 per cent of respondents had up to 1 years of experience 07.15per cent had up to 4-5 years of experience and only 5.55 per cent of respondents had above 5 years of experience in rice cultivation. Prajapati et al. 2015 mentioned that the land holding had positive and highly significant relationship with the extent of adoption of no-cost and low-cost technologies of animal husbandry. Tailor et al. 1998 reported that the knowledge of selected dry land farming practices of the small and big farmers was positively related with their adoption. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study was undertaken in Durg district of Chhattisgarh state during 2016-17 in all three blocks namely Patan Dhamdha and Durg. From each selected block four villages on the basis of area under rice-maize cropping system were considered for this study. The rice-maize cropping system adopted 10 farmers from each selected block were selected as respondents from all 12 villages thus a total of 120 farmers 10 X 12 120 were selected for data collection. The data were collected by I RESEARCH ARTICLE

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576 LOKESH AHIRWAR AND M.A. KHAN personal interview with the help of well prepared structured and pretested interview schedule. Data were analyzed using frequency distribution percentages and correlation coefficient. RESULT AND DISCUSSION The findings regarding farming experience of the respondents are presented in Table 1 and Fig 1. It is clear from the data that majority 94.16 of the respondents had farming experience up to 10 years followed by 5.84 per cent had farming experience between 11 to 20 years and none of the respondent had farming experience above 20 years. Table 1. Distribution of respondents according to their farming experience regarding rice-maize cropping system n120 Sl. No Farming experience Frequency Percentage 1. Up to 10 years 113 94.16 2. 11 to 20 years 07 5.84 3. Above 20 years 00 0 Since all the respondents belonged to farming community and most of them were involved in farming from their childhood hence farming experience is solely influenced by their age and found quite high in the study area. Fig 1: Distribution of respondents according to their farming experience The data regarding knowledge about practices of recommended maize production technology are presented in Table 2. The data reveals that the majority of the respondents 62.50 had high level of knowledge regarding preparation of land followed by 27.5 per cent of the respondents had medium level of knowledge and 10 per cent of them had low level of knowledge. Regarding selection of seed the majority of 55 the respondents had medium level of knowledge followed by 45 per cent of the respondents had high level of knowledge. Towards seed treatment majority 60 of the respondents had low level of knowledge followed by 21.66 per cent of the respondents had medium level of knowledge and 18.34 per cent of them had high level of knowledge. Regarding application of manure fertilizers the majority of 54.20 the respondents had medium level of knowledge followed by 30 per cent of the respondents had high level of knowledge and 15.80 per cent of them had low level of knowledge. With respect to water management maximum 49.17 respondents had medium level of knowledge followed by 31.66 per cent of the respondents had high level of knowledge and 19.17

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JOURNAL OF PLANT DEVELOPMENT SCIENCES VOL. 1010 577 per cent of them had low level of knowledge. Concerning to weed management most 55.83 of the respondents had medium level of knowledge followed by 20 per cent of the respondents had high level of knowledge and 24.17 per cent of them had low level of knowledge. Table 2. Distribution of respondents according to their practice wise level of knowledge about maize production technology n120 Sl. No. Practices Level of knowledge Low Medium High F F F 1. Preparation of land 12 33 75 10 27.50 62.50 2. Selection of seed 00 66 54 0 55.00 45.00 3. Seed treatment 72 26 22 60.00 21.66 18.34 4. Application of manure fertilizers 19 65 36 15.80 54.20 30.00 5. Water management 23 59 38 19.17 49.17 31.66 6. Weed management 29 67 24 24.17 55.83 20.00 7. Insect management 22 63 35 18.33 52.50 29.17 8. Disease management 61 34 25 50.83 28.34 20.83 9. Time of harvesting and method of cutting 9 67 46 7.5 54.17 38.33 Figures in parenthesis show percentage Ffrequency percentage Regarding insect management the maximum the respondents 52.5 had medium level of knowledge followed by 29.17 per cent of the respondents had high level of knowledge and 18.33 per cent of them had low level of knowledge. Regarding disease management the most of 50.83 the respondents had low level of knowledge followed by 28.34 per cent of the respondents had medium level of knowledge and 20.83 per cent of them had high level of knowledge. Regarding time of harvesting and method of cutting maximum 54.17 the respondents had medium level of knowledge followed by 38.33 per cent of the respondents had high level of knowledge and 7.5 per cent of them had low level of knowledge. Table 3. Distribution of respondents according to their overall knowledge about maize production technology Sl. No. Level of knowledge Frequency Percentage 1. 2. 3. Low up to 12 score Medium 13 to 16 score High more than 16 score 27 58 35 22.50 48.33 29.17 Mean14.49 S.D. 2.31 The data regarding overall knowledge about recommended maize production technology are presented in Table 3. The data clearly reveals that the majority of the respondents 48.33 had medium level of overall knowledge followed by 29.17 per cent of them had high level of knowledge and 22.50 per cent of them had low level of overall knowledge. CONCLUSION This study reveals majority of the respondents had medium level of knowledge regarding selection of

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578 LOKESH AHIRWAR AND M.A. KHAN seed application of manure fertilizers water management weed management insect management and time of harvesting and method of cutting. In case of other practices like seed treatment disease management most of the respondents had low level of knowledge with respect preparation of land majority of the respondents had high level of knowledge may be due to availability of farm machinery like tractor rotavator on hire basis. In terms of overall knowledge about maize production technology maximum respondents had medium level of overall knowledge followed by few of them had high level of knowledge and only some of them had low level of overall knowledge about maize production technology. The knowledge of farmers about maize production technology can be increase by organizing training programme frequent field visit and timely conduction of demonstration programme at village level by local extension functionaries. REFERENCES Anup D. Ramkrushna G.I. Choudhury B.U. Ngachan S.V. Tripathi A.K. Singh R.K. Patel D.P. Tomar J.M.S. and Mohapatra K.P. 2014. Conservation agriculture in rice and maize based cropping systems for enhancing crop and water productivity: participatory technology demonstration in north-east India. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation 42 2. Anupama J. Singh R.P. and Kumar Ranjit 2005. Technical efficiency in maize production in Madhya Pradesh : Estimation and Implication.Agriculture Economics Research Review 18 : 305-315. Chapke Rajendra 2000. Knowledge and adoption of farmers about Bio-control measures. Maha.J.Extn. Edn.21: 41-47. Dhruw Singh Kalyan 2008. A study on adoption of recommended maize production technology among the farmers of Kanker district of Chhattisgarh state Chhattisgarh M.Sc.Ag. Thesis College Of Agriculture Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Raipur C.G.. Desai B.R. Waman G.K. and Girase 2000. Adoption of recommended technology for rainfed cotton-NHH-44. Maha.J.Extn. Edn.21: 48-52. Narbaria Sunil 2017. A study on identification Characterization and adoption pattern of Farm practices in existing farming systems of northern hills of Chhattisgarh. Ph.D. Thesis IGKV Raipur C.G.. Prajapati J.V. Patel J.B. and Bhatt P.M. 2015. Extent of adoption of low-cost technologies of animal husbandry by tribal dairy farm women. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education.154: 47-50. Pandey P. K. Suryawanshi D.K. and Sarkar J. D. 2004. Credit acquisition pattern of rice grower in C.G. In: IRRI abstract p. 270. Tailor R.S. Pande A.K. and Sanoria Y.C. 1998. Socio-personal correlates of knowledge and adoption of farming practices of farmers of watershed area. Madhya J. Extn. Edn.1 1: 20-25. Singha A.K. Baruah M.J. Bordoloi R. Dutta P. and Saikia U.S. 2012. Analysis on influencing factors of technology adoption of different land based enterprises of farmers under diversified farming system. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 42: 139-143. Timsina J. Jat M.L. and Majumdar K. 2010. Rice-maize systems of South Asia: current status future prospects and research priorities for nutrient management. Plant and Soil 335 1-2: 65-82.

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