Catholic Church

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Catholic Church

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Please send me a copy of this powerpoint. Am a religious studies teacher . Thank you!

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It is a very concise presentation of church history. Very much enriching Fr Simon Asira

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Slide 1: 

THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

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I. It’s origin and traditions The term "catholic" means "universal" The Roman Catholic Church grew out of the heresies which were predicted in the New Testament, 1 Tim. 4:1-5, 2 Thess. 2:1-7 Many of the false notions later embraced by Catholicism, were actually combated by Jesus and His apostles.

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures.

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"When either the Roman Pontiff or the body of bishops together with him defines a judgment, they pronounce it in accord with revelation itself.  All are obliged to maintain and be ruled by this revelation, which, as written or preserved by tradition, is transmitted in its entirety..." (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 25). Obligation to obey a revelation. We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures.

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"When either the Roman Pontiff or the body of bishops together with him defines a judgment, they pronounce it in accord with revelation itself.  All are obliged to maintain and be ruled by this revelation, which, as written or preserved by tradition, is transmitted in its entirety..." (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 25). Obligation to obey a revelation. Compare to what God’s Word says: Gal. 1:8, Matt. 15:9 We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures.

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "Let priests sincerely look upon the bishop as their father, and reverently obey him." Priests themselves are "as fathers in Christ" (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 28). Fathers.

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "Let priests sincerely look upon the bishop as their father, and reverently obey him." Priests themselves are "as fathers in Christ" (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 28). Fathers. Compare to what God’s Word says: Matt. 23:9

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "In virtue of his office, that is, as Vicar of Christ and pastor of the whole Church, the Roman Pontiff has full, supreme, and universal power over the Church."  "Together with its head, the Roman Pontiff, and never without this head, the episcopal order is the subject of supreme and full power over the universal Church" (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 22) Head of the Church.

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "In virtue of his office, that is, as Vicar of Christ and pastor of the whole Church, the Roman Pontiff has full, supreme, and universal power over the Church."  "Together with its head, the Roman Pontiff, and never without this head, the episcopal order is the subject of supreme and full power over the universal Church" (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 22) Head of the Church. Compare to what God’s Word says: Col. 1:18, Eph. 5:23

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "Therefore the Blessed Virgin is invoked by the Church under the titles Advocate, Auxiliatrix, Adjutrix and Mediatrix.  These, however are to be so understood that they neither take away from nor add anything to the dignity and efficacy of Christ the one Mediator." (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 62). Mary.

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "Therefore the Blessed Virgin is invoked by the Church under the titles Advocate, Auxiliatrix, Adjutrix and Mediatrix.  These, however are to be so understood that they neither take away from nor add anything to the dignity and efficacy of Christ the one Mediator." (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 62). Mary. Compare to what God’s Word says: 1 Tim. 2:5, 1 Jn. 2:1, Rev. 22:8-9, Matt. 1:24-25

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. There is an intermediate state or place called Purgatory where the dead go to suffer punishment until they can be purified to enter heaven (Council of Trent). Purgatory.

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. There is an intermediate state or place called Purgatory where the dead go to suffer punishment until they can be purified to enter heaven (Council of Trent). Purgatory. Compare to what God’s Word says: Luke 16:22-26

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "Those decrees issued in earlier times regarding the veneration of images of Christ, the Blessed Virgin, and the saints, (should) be religiously observed.“ (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 67). Veneration of Images.

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "Those decrees issued in earlier times regarding the veneration of images of Christ, the Blessed Virgin, and the saints, (should) be religiously observed.“ (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution: 67). Veneration of Images. Compare to what God’s Word says: 1 Jn. 5:21, 1 Cor. 10:14 Gal. 5:19-21

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "...celibacy was at first recommended to priests.  Then, in the Latin Church, it was imposed by law on all who were to be promoted to sacred orders.  This legislation . . . this most holy Synod again approves and confirms." (Vatican II, Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests: 16). Celibacy of Priests and Bishops.

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. "...celibacy was at first recommended to priests.  Then, in the Latin Church, it was imposed by law on all who were to be promoted to sacred orders.  This legislation . . . this most holy Synod again approves and confirms." (Vatican II, Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests: 16). Celibacy of Priests and Bishops. Compare to what God’s Word says: 1 Tim. 4:1-3, 3:2

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. Anyone "can administer Baptism, by pouring common water on the head of the child or grown-up person..." An infant who has been baptized, when grown, must "believe and profess to believe in the articles of Faith." (Catholic Belief, pp. 82-83) Baptism.

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We will examine some of their traditions in light of the Scriptures. Anyone "can administer Baptism, by pouring common water on the head of the child or grown-up person..." An infant who has been baptized, when grown, must "believe and profess to believe in the articles of Faith." (Catholic Belief, pp. 82-83) Baptism. Compare to what God’s Word says: Acts 8:36-38

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Weak Points of Catholicism The Fallibility of the Pope and the Church. When different Popes declare completely opposite things to be true, it proves that at least one of them is fallible. Rom. 3:4a Catholic Doctrine Contradicts the Bible. The Catechism of the Catholic Church: First: I am the LORD your God: you shall not have strange Gods before me. Second: You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. The Word of God: Exo. 20:2-6

Slide 21: 

Weak Points of Catholicism Catholic Successors to the Apostles do not perform the signs of Apostles. If the bishops of Catholicism have inherited the authority of the apostles, why don't they have the power the apostles showed to back up their claim of authority?  Paul had his God-given credentials, 1 Cor. 9:1-2, 2 Cor. 12:12, Gal. 1:1

Slide 22: 

Distinctive Doctrines of the Catholic Church "The Bible and divine Tradition contain the Word of God . . . and are both full of revealed truths, still, of the two, Tradition is to us more clear and safe" Notice what the apostle Paul wrote, 2 Cor. 1:13, Eph. 3:4, 2 Tim. 3:16-17 God's Revelation: Tradition and the Bible as interpreted by the Church.

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Distinctive Doctrines of the Catholic Church The Catholic Bishops in union with the Bishop of Rome possess infallibility within the church, and the Roman Pontiff alone is infallible in the areas of faith and morals when he teaches "ex cathedra," that is "from the Chair" of Peter (Vatican I, 1870).  Compare to what God’s word says, Prov. 14:12, Jer. 17:5-8 Infallibility of the Church and the Pope.

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Distinctive Doctrines of the Catholic Church The Council of Trent had decreed that Adam transmitted "to all the human race . . . sin which is the death of the soul"   In addition to this, humans add to their guilt by committing actual sins which are either mortal or venial.  Mortal sins are "big" or "deadly" sins which constitute a serious violation of the law of God and a loss of His friendship and grace. Venial sins are little offenses which do not cause one to forfeit the friendship of God.  "No number, indeed, of venial sins can reach the malice and guilt of a mortal sin" The nature of Sin.

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Distinctive Doctrines of the Catholic Church Purgatory is a place of temporary punishment in the next world where those who die "in grace" go to pay the punishment due for their sins before they enter heaven   In other words, the Catholic Church believes that the shed Blood of the Son of God can do everything but fully forgive someone of his sins! Heb. 9:13-14 Purgatory and punishment of sin.

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Distinctive Doctrines of the Catholic Church Since the Council of Ephesus in 431 A.D., the title "Mother of God" has been officially applied to "the Blessed Virgin Mary"   Mary is believed to have remained a perpetual virgin until her life on earth came to an end by her Miraculous Assumption. Matt. 12:46, 13:55-56, Gal. 1:19, Jude 1:1 Mary.