Exploring Art: A Global, Thematic Approach : Exploring Art: A Global, Thematic Approach Chapter 3
Media Media : Media Media – the actual material substances used to create an artwork.
Supports and Grounds
Support – the surface or material that underlies the artwork.
Ground – the surface upon which a drawing is made.
Gesso – white paint like substance that is brushed onto paper or canvas to serve as a ground. Disciplines : Disciplines Disciplines – the various branches of art
Technology Based Media
Crafts Two-Dimensional ArtDry Media : Two-Dimensional ArtDry Media Drawing– one of the oldest disciplines in the history of art.
Pencil – a graphite rod in a wood or metal holder.
Charcoal– a carbon stick created from burnt wood.
Chalk and pastels – colored materials held together by wax or glue shaped into sticks.
Silverpoint drawing – produced by a thin stylus made of silver that leaves marks on a prepared support such as paper or wood. Wet Media : Wet Media Ink, pen, and brush – the combination of lines made by pen marks and washes applied by brush. Printmaking : Printmaking Relief – areas not to be printed are cut away from the printing surface, so that the areas to be printed are left higher.
Intaglio – cutting into a flat surface usually a metal plate, ink is applied to the cutaway area.
Lithography – starts with a drawing created with an oily crayon, pencil, or liquid on limestone slab or a metal surface.
Serigraphy – screen printing, a stencil is attached to a piece of finely woven fabric. Painting : Painting Pigments – intense colors in powder form, derived from animals, plants, minerals, and synthetic chemicals.
Binders- the substance into which then is blended. Binders can range from egg yolk to wax, glue, various oils, and acrylic liquid mediums. Painting : Painting Encaustic – an ancient form of painting. Pigments are mixed into hot beeswax.
buon fresco (true fresco) is finely ground pigment suspended in water and applied to a wet plaster surface.
Fresco secco – paint is applied to dry plaster
Tempera – water based paint that is made by mixing pigments with egg yolk or other natural synthetic binders.
Watercolors – pigments suspended in a a gum Arabic binder, which is a natural water soluble glue.
Oil Paint – blended powder pigments with oil.
Acrylic – pigment blended with a synthetic polymer liquid binder. Three Dimensional Art : Three Dimensional Art Freestanding – sculptures that are meant to be seen from all sides.
Relief – sculpture to be seen only from the front.
Site-Specific – made to stay in the environment it was created in.
Kinetic – movement in art. Types of sculptures : Types of sculptures Carving – artists carve away unwanted areas.
Modeling – pushing or pulling a malleable substance such as clay or wax.
Assembling – assembled works made of various parts that are then put together.
Installations – usually mixed media artworks designed for a specific interior or exterior space. Performance : Performance Performance – a live action event that is staged as an artwork. Technology-Based Media : Technology-Based Media Photography – a light sensitive surface as film is exposed to light through a lens.
Digital imaging – involves the computer-based storage of still or moving images as digital information, with or without sound.
Photomontage – a composition of many photographs or of one photograph using many prints to create a new image. Craft : Craft Ceramics
Metalwork and jewelry