The French Revolution : The French Revolution Table of Contents : 2 Table of Contents The Three Estates
The National Assembly
The National Convention
Robespierre The Three Estates : The Three Estates Life under the ancien regime
The Three Estates:
Late 18th-century financial crisis
Unfair taxation Estates General : 4 Estates General 1st
Each had different needs and participated for different reasons and at different levels The Three Estates : 5 The Three Estates Slide 6: 6 What type of source is this?
What appears to be happening?
What is the setting? How can you tell? Slide 7: 7 Who does the man in the purple robe represent? How can you tell? Slide 8: 8 Who does the man in the red jacket represent? How can you tell?
What is he wearing at his side? Slide 9: 9 Who does the man under the rock represent? How is he dressed?
Is that surprising? Slide 10: 10 What are the two men standing on? The words on the rock translate to “heavy taxes and forced labor.” Why would the artist write those words on the rock? Slide 11: 11 What is the relationship between the three men? Do the clergyman and the nobleman seem concerned about the third man? What is the Third Estate? : 12 What is the Third Estate? 1st. What is the third estate? Everything.
2nd. What has it been heretofore in the political order? Nothing.
3rd. What does it demand? To become something therein.
Abbé Sieyès, "What is the third Estate?“ ("Qu'est-ce que le Tiers-Etat?"), January 1789 Slide 13: 13 The peasants oppressed King Louis XVI : 14 King Louis XVI His grandfather Louis XIV was the ultimate “absolutist” king.
This king was weak
He had so little control, he called for the French congress to fix some problems Slide 15: 15 Marie Antoinette Slide 16: 16 Marie Antoinette Slide 17: 17 Marie Antoinette Revolution - beginnings : 18 Revolution - beginnings Although people were starving and the country was broke, the royal family flaunted their wealth and uncaring. Slide 19: 19 Denis Diderot Slide 20: 20 Voltaire Bread riots : 21 Bread riots People were hungry; the country was broke.
This picture is from an all-woman bread riot.
Marie Antionette said “let them eat cake” Slide 22: March of the Women,October 5-6, 1789 We want the baker, the baker’s wife and the baker’s boy! A spontaneous demonstration of Parisian women for bread. Slide 23: 23 Storming the Bastille Slide 24: 24 Storming the Bastille Slide 25: 25 Storming the Bastille Storming theBastille : 26 Storming theBastille Slide 27: 27 Events of the French Revolution : 28 Events of the French Revolution Calling of the Estates General May 1789
Fall of the Bastille
Rights of Man August 1789
March to Versailles October 1789 Flight of the King June 1791
War with Austria
Abolition of the Monarchy Sept 1792
Execution of King
January 1793 Slide 29: 29 Estates General Estates General meets : 30 Estates General meets The part of the French Congress representing the third estate left and declared themselves THE congress of France. The Great Fear : 31 The Great Fear Independent revolutionary
agitation in the countryside
Rumors of Royalist troops
Fear breeds fear and
peasants start marching
Within 3 weeks of July 14,
the countryside of France
had been completely
Abolition of the Nobility Events continued : 32 Events continued French created their own Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen modeled after TJ’s Declaration of Independence Slide 33: 33 March to Versailles, Oct. 1789 Slide 34: 34 Abbe Sieyes Slide 35: 35 Tennis Court Oath Slide 36: 36 National Assembly Slide 37: 37 Slide 38: 38 Mob attacking the Tuileries Elements : 39 Elements "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity“
Tennis Court Oath
Weapons obtained from the Bastille
Leaders during different stages of the Revolution
Act, Edicts, Declarations
What is the conflict/Issue/problem
Desire for political representation
Opposing sides What were the Motivations ofthese Revolutionaries? : 40 What were the Motivations ofthese Revolutionaries? ï Poverty and Hunger
ï Low wages and fear of
expectations and the
exposure to a political
ï Strong dislike for and
distrust of the wealthy
ï The role of conspiracy Slide 41: 41 Radical Revolution : 42 Radical Revolution Work of a representative National Convention
Abolished monarchy, executed king, queen
Power to Committee of Public Safety-headed by Robespierre
Met threats from within and a coalition of frightened European Monarchies
Initiated “Reign of Terror” (30,000) Effects of the French Revolution : 43 Effects of the French Revolution Both the King and Queen were beheaded
French monarchy no more
In addition to the Royal family, 17,000 people were executed with the guillotine. Slide 44: 44 Slide 45: 45 Slide 46: 46 The Enlightenment Slide 47: 47 Slide 48: 48 Slide 49: 49 National Guard Slide 50: 50 Slide 51: 51 Flight of the Royal Family Slide 52: 52 Slide 53: 53 Slide 54: 54 Slide 55: 55 Slide 56: 56 Slide 57: 57 Slide 58: 58 Death of Louis XVI Slide 59: 59 Slide 60: 60 Slide 61: 61 Slide 62: 62 Slide 63: 63 Maximillien. Robespierre Slide 64: 64 Jean-Paul Marat Slide 65: 65 Charlotte Corday Slide 66: 66 Slide 67: 67 Slide 68: 68 Jacques Louis David Slide 69: 69 Slide 70: 70 Slide 71: 71 Slide 72: 72 Slide 73: 73