My Vision 2020

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My Vision of 2020 36 .

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Mahavir Swami College of Polytechnic . Name :~Goti Arshit A. Branch:~ Computer. E. No :~ 139550307012 Sub :~ English. Student Sign Teacher Sign

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vision of India Our vision of India’s future should be both comprehensive and harmonious. It must encompass all the myriad aspects that constitute the life of the country and its people. It must balance and synthesise all the divergent views and forces that compete in the pursuit of self- fulfilment . It must be based on an objective assessment of facts and a realistic appraisal of possibilities, yet it must rise beyond the limitations of past trends, immediate preoccupations and pressing challenges to perceive the emerging opportunities and concealed potentials. Most of all, our vision of India’s future should serve to awaken in all of us a greater awareness of our cultural and spiritual strengths which formed the bedrock of our past achievements and should form the foundation of our future accomplishments.

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What is India Vision 2020 ? India Vision 2020 was initially a documanet prepared by TIFAC under the chairmanship of Dr.A.P.J.Abdul kalam and a team of 500 experts. Dr.Kalam further gave shape to this concept through his seminal work along with Dr.Y.S.Rajan – “ India 2020 : Vision for the new millennium “.  Dr.Kalam in one of his speeches elaborates the concept “ Transforming the nation into a developed country, five areas in combination have been identified based on India's core competence, natural resources and talented manpower for integrated action to double the growth rate of GDP and realize the Vision of Developed India. 

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Agriculture and food processing :~   Agriculture and food processing with a target of doubling the present production of food and agricultural products by 2020. Agro food processing industry would lead to the prosperity of rural people, food security and speed up the economic growth; Infrastructure with reliable and quality electric power  Infrastructure with reliable and quality electric power  including solar farming for all parts of the country, providing urban amenities in rural areas and interlinking of rivers;

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Education and Healthcare:~  To provide social security and eradication of illiteracy and health for all; Information and Communication Technology: ~ This is one of our core competencies and wealth generator. ICT can be used for tele -education, tele -medicine and e-governance to promote education in remote areas, healthcare and also transparency in the administration;

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Critical technologies and strategic industries witnessed the growth in nuclear technology, space technology and defence technology” Critical technologies and strategic industries:~   Some of our traditions must change, but knowledge, in essence, is our greatest endowment. The vision should awaken in us an unswerving confidence in ourselves, a complete reliance on our own capacity as a nation and an unshakeable determination to realise our full potential. A true vision cannot be a static written statement. It must emerge as a living and dynamic reality in the minds and hearts of the people and their leaders .

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Kalam on India Vision 2020   I have three visions for India. In 3000 years of our history,people from allover the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands, conquered our minds. From Alexander onwards. The Greeks, the Portuguese,the British, the French, the Dutch, all of them came and looted us,took over what was ours.Yet we have not done this to any other nation. We have not conquered anyone. We have not grabbed their land, their culture, their history tried to enforce our way of life on them. Why? Because we respect the freedom of others. 

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That is why my first vision is that of  FREEDOM.   I believe that India got its first vision of this in 1857, when we started the war of independence. It is this freedom that we must protect and nurture and built on. If we are not free, no one will respect us. 

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My second vision for India is  DEVELOPMENT.  For fifty years we have been a developing nation. It is time we see ourselves as a developed nation. We are among top 5 nations of the world in terms of GDP. We have 10 percent growth rate in most areas. Our poverty levels are falling, our achievements are being globally recognized today. Yet we lack the self-confidence to see ourselves as a developed nation, self reliant and self assured. Isn't this right? 

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I have a third vision. The India must STAND UP TO THE WORLD. Because I believe that unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. Only strength respects strength. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power. Both must go hand-in-hand.  My good fortune was to have work with three great minds. Dr Vikram Sarabhai of the Dept. of space, Professor Satish Dhawan , who succeeded him, and Dr.Brahm Prakash , father of nuclear material. I was lucky to have worked with all three of them closely and consider this the great opportunity of my life. 

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I see four milestones in my career: ONE:~ Twenty years I spent in ISRO. I was given the opportunity to be the project director for India 's first satellite launch vehicle, SLV3. The one that launched Rohini . These years played a very important role in my life of Scientist. TWO:~ After my ISRO years, i joined DRDO and got a chance to be the part of India 's guided missile program. It was my second bliss when Agni met its mission requirements in 1994.

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THREE :~ The Dept. of Atomic Energy and DRDO had this tremendous partnership in the recent nuclear tests, on May 11 and 13. This was the third bliss. The joy of participating with my team in these nuclear tests and proving to the world that India can make it.That we are no longer a developing nation but one of them. It made me feel very proud as an Indian. The fact that we have now developed for Agni a re-entry structure, for which we have developed this new material. A Very light material called carbon-carbon.

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FOUR:~ One day an orthopaedic surgeon from Nizam institute of Medical Sciences visited my laboratory. He lifted the material and found it so light that he took me to his hospital and showed me his patients. There were these little girls and boys with heavy metallic calipers weighing over three Kgs.each , dragging their feet around. He said to me: Please remove the pain of my patients. In three weeks, we made these Floor reaction Orthosis 300 gram calipers and took them to the orthopaedic center. The children didn't believe their eyes. From dragging around a three kg. load on their legs, they could now move around! Their parents had tears in their eyes. That was my forth bliss!

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Why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassed to recognize our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why? We are thesecond largest producer of wheat in the world. We are the second largest producers in rice. We are the first in milk production. We are number one in Remote sensing satellites. Look at Dr. Sudarshan , he has transferred the tribal village into a self-sustaining, self-driving unit. There are millions of such achievements but our media is only obsessed with the bad news and failures and disasters. 

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Knowledge Revolution By one recent estimate, 50-60 per cent of all industrial output is based on information. Modern manufacturing industries depend as much for their success on the management of information relating to quality, cost and scheduling, as they do on the management of materials and production processes. The services sector, which has the great potential for creating new employment opportunities and economic growth in the world economy, is essentially knowledge-based.

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Knowledge Resources There are a host of non-material, knowledge-based human resources that we possess in abundance and can apply to achieve far greater results. Technology Organisation Information Education Skills Knowledge Resources

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Technology:~ Knowledge in the form of information technology (IT) has opened up the opportunity for India to become the premier, low-cost provider of computer software and IT-enabled services to the industrialised world. It can not only provide high paying jobs and rising exports, but also transform the way we educate our youth—increasing the speed, quality and efficiency of learning manifold. In addition, it can and is already transforming the way we communicate among ourselves and with the rest of the world, shrinking the distances between hemispheres, providing instantaneous access to the whole world’s knowledge base and customer base.

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Organisation : Technology is not the only knowledge resource now abundantly at our disposal. Today we have access to the whole world’s experience in organisation . Organisation is nothing but the know-how for carrying out work most efficiently and expeditiously. India’s highly successful Green Revolution and White Revolution were the results of organisational innovations as much as technology. We have the opportunity to fashion new and better forms of organisation to carry out the tasks of education, health-delivery, governance, commerce, industry and social welfare.

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Information:~ Physical and biological reactions require the presence of catalytic agents to set them in motion and speed completion. Human social processes depend on a catalytic agent too and that catalyst is information. Free movement of information releases society from fear of uncertainties. Information about prices and market potentials spurs an entrepreneur into commercial activity. Widely disseminated public information about proper health care and nutrition contributes more powerfully to the general health of the community than does a hospital or medical innovation.

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YEAR 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 TOTAL 1010 1093 1175 1256 1331 UNDER 15 361 368 370 372 373 15-64 604 673 747 819 882 65+ 45 51 58 65 76 Population Projections (millions)

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Actually, the population under-15 years is expected to increase only marginally over the next 20 years. This means that pressure for expansion of the educational system will come only from increasing enrolment and efforts to reduce drop-out rates. The largest growth of population will be in the 15-64 year age group, which will expand by about 46 per cent by 2020 ( i.e , annually by 1.9 per cent as against the population growth of much lower, at 1.4 per cent). As shown in Table 2, it is expected to rise from 604 million in 2000 to 883 million in 2020, i.e., from 60 to 66 per cent of the total population.

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