BASIC FIRST AID : BASIC FIRST AID Presentation by: Arshad Molwani OBJECTIVES : Introduction
Purpose of First Aid
Principle of First Aid (4 C’s)
Assessing Skills of a First Aider
Responsibilities of First Aider
DR ABC OBJECTIVES Slide 3: First aid is the immediate medical assistance given to an injured person, within the available resources before getting to a qualified medical help. What is First Aid ? Introduction : Every one should know something about first aid as you never know when you may be called upon to use it.
At the most unexpected of times, accidents could occur, involving loved ones, close relatives or total strangers.
Whoever is in need of help, you should be in a position to offer first aid. Introduction Slide 5: To Sustain life
To Prevent suffering
To Prevent secondary complications
To Promote speedy recovery Purpose of First Aid Slide 6: DO’S
Before handling the casualty use:
First Aider can never
Declare Death DO’s & DON’Ts Slide 7: FIRST AIDER IS NEITHER
A NURSE Slide 8: Call for Help
Calmly Take Charge
Check the scene & the causality
Carefully apply First Aid PRINCIPLES OF FIRST AID (4 C’s) Slide 9: Assess the Situation
Safety of yourself & the casualty.
Assess the casualty
Treat the Casualty
Arrange removal of casualty to hospital or safe area.
Write a Report / Communicate the status. ACTION PLAN Slide 10: Observer
Build Trust Assessing Skills of First Aider Slide 11: To assess a situation quickly & safely & call for appropriate help
To identify the level of injury or the nature of the illness affecting the casualty/victim
To give early and appropriate treatment in a sensible order of priority
To make & pass on a report, & give further help if required Responsibilities of First Aider Slide 12: DANGER
CIRCULATION DR ABC Slide 13: To Yourself
To Casualty D is for Danger Slide 14: Gently “Shake & Shout” at the casualty
Is the casualty alert?
Is the casualty drowsy or confused ?
Is the casualty unconscious, but reacting ?
Is the casualty unconscious with no reaction ?
If unconscious, place the casualty in the stable side position. R is for Response Slide 15: Is the airway open & clear ?
Is there noisy breathing ?
Are the Potential obstruction such as blood etc ?
If so , open & clear the airway! A is for AIRWAY Slide 16: Tilt Head Back & Lift Chin up with fingers under jaw to establish Airway (Move head as little as possible if there may be a neck injury). How to Open AIRWAY? Slide 17: Look for chest movements
Listen for sounds of breathing
Feel for breathes on your cheek
If not breathing give 2 rescue breathes. B is for Breathing Breathing : Look, Listen & feel for Breathing – Is chest moving ? If not give 2 breathes Breathing Slide 19: Is there a carotid pulse ?
Is it strong ?
Is it regular ?
Is there major blood loss ?
IF NO PULSE PRESENT THEN START CPR (CIRCULATION PULSE RESPIRATION) C is for Circulation CIRCULATION : Check for circulation – Is there a pulse ? Place two fingers in groove of neck. CIRCULATION Slide 21: Giving First Aid can be dangerous.
Always be careful for your personal safety.
Do Not Put Yourself @ Risk Looking After Yourself