Latest Technologies

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This presentation throws light on some of the latest technologies in IT sector.


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Latest Technologies:

Latest Technologies Prepared By :- Arpit Sengar B.Tech IV year CSE Faculty of Engineering and Technology GuruKula Kangri University Haridwar

Outline of the Presentation:

Outline of the Presentation Cloud Computing Big Data , characteristics and who is generating it. Hadoop Google Glass , design , specifications Green Computing Internet of Things and its application. Some other interesting technologies

1.Cloud Computing:

1.Cloud Computing Cloud Computing can be defined as “a type of parallel and distributed system consisting of a collection of interconnected and virtualized computers that are dynamically provisioned and presented as one or more unified computing resources based on service level agreements established through negotiation between the service providers and consumers.” Cloud Computing aims to deliver reliable, secure, fault tolerant, sustainable and scalable infrastructure for hosting Internet-based application services . Cloud computing delivers the infrastructure, platform, and application as services on the basis of the pay-as-per click according to your demand . Private, public and hybrid are the three types of Cloud. And services provided by cloud computing are: Software as a Service(PAAS) Platform as a Service(PAAS) Infrastructure as a Service(IAAS)

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2.BIG DATA “Every day, we create 2.5 quintillion bytes of data — so much that 90% of the data in the world today has been created in the last two years alone. This data comes from everywhere: sensors used to gather climate information, posts to social media sites, digital pictures and videos, purchase transaction records, and cell phone GPS signals to name a few. This data is “Big Data” There are huge volumes of data in the world : From the beginning of recorded time until 2003. We created 5 billion gigabytes (Exabyte) of data. In 2011 the same amount was created every two days. In 2013 the same amount of data is created every ten minutes.

Whom does it matter:

Whom does it matter Research Community  Business Community - New tools, new capabilities, new infrastructure, new business models etc ., On sectors

Characteristics of Big Data: 1-Scale (Volume):

Characteristics of Big Data: 1-Scale (Volume) Data Volume 44x increase from 2009 2020 From 0.8 zettabytes to 35zb Data volume is increasing exponentially Exponential increase in collected/generated data

Characteristics of Big Data: 2-Complexity (Varity):

Characteristics of Big Data: 2-Complexity (Varity) Various formats, types, and structures Text, numerical, images, audio, video, sequences, time series, social media data, multi-dim arrays, etc… Static data vs. streaming data A single application can be generating/collecting many types of data To extract knowledge  all these types of data need to linked together

Characteristics of Big Data: 3-Speed (Velocity):

Characteristics of Big Data : 3-Speed (Velocity) Data is begin generated fast and need to be processed fast Online Data Analytics Late decisions  missing opportunities Examples E-Promotions: Based on your current location, your purchase history, what you like  send promotions right now for store next to you Healthcare monitoring: sensors monitoring your activities and body  any abnormal measurements require immediate reaction

Big Data: 3V’s:

Big Data: 3V’s

Who’s Generating Big Data:

Who’s Generating Big Data Social media and networks (all of us are generating data) Scientific instruments (collecting all sorts of data) Mobile devices (tracking all objects all the time) Sensor technology and networks (measuring all kinds of data) The progress and innovation is no longer hindered by the ability to collect data But, by the ability to manage, analyze , summarize , visualize, and discover knowledge from the collected data in a timely manner and in a scalable fashion

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12+ TBs of tweet data every day 25+ TBs of log data every day ? TBs of data every day 2+ billion people on the Web by end 2011 30 billion RFID tags today (1.3B in 2005) 4.6 billion camera phones world wide 100s of millions of GPS enabled devices sold annually 76 million smart meters in 2009… 200M by 2014

Why and What Hadoop? :

Why and What Hadoop ? A tool to process Big Data. Google was the first to launch GFS and MapReduce . They published a paper in 2004 announcing the world a brand new technology. This technology was well proven in Google by 2004 itself. Soon after Yahoo and others rallied around to support this effort. Now Hadoop is core part in : Facebook , Twitter , Yahoo , LinkedIn…….


3.Google Glass. WHAT IS GLASS?:

3.Google Glass. WHAT IS GLASS? Google Glass – Wearable Computer with an OHMD Developed by R & D department of Google(Google X). To reduce delay between intention and action. Camera , display , touchpad , battery and microphone built into spectacle frame. Compact and very easy to use. Voice Support.



Technical Specifications:

Technical Specifications For the developer Explorer units: Android 4.4  640×360 Himax HX7309 LCoS display 5-megapixel camera, capable of 720p video recording Wi-Fi 802.11b/g Bluetooth 16GB storage (12 GB available ) Texas Instruments OMAP 4430 SoC 1.2Ghz Dual(ARMv7 ) 1GB RAM  3 axis gyroscope 3 axis accelerometer  3 axis magnetometer (compass ) Ambient light sensing and proximity sensor  Bone conduction  audio transducer

4.Green Computing:

4.Green Computing environmentally responsible use of computers and related resources. implementation of energy-efficient central processing units (CPUs),servers and peripherals reduced resource consumption and proper disposal of electronic waste (e-waste) More directly, it means using computers or devices in ways that save the environment, save energy and save money. 4 aspects to be “Green”: Green use: Minimizing the electricity consumption of computers and other devices Green disposal: Re-making or recycling unwanted electronic equipment. Green design: Designing energy-efficient computers, servers, printers and other digital devices Green manufacturing: Minimizing waste during the manufacturing of computers and other subsystems

5.Internet of Things:

5.Internet of Things Definition (1) T he Internet of Things, also called The Internet of Objects, refers to a wireless network between objects, usually the network will be wireless and self-configuring, such as household appliances. ------Wikipedia (2) By embedding short-range mobile transceivers into a wide array of additional gadgets and everyday items, enabling new forms of communication between people and things, and between things themselves. ------WSIS 2005


Continued… Definition (3) T he term "Internet of Things" has come to describe a number of technologies and research disciplines that enable the Internet to reach out into the real world of physical objects. ------ IoT 2008 (4) “Things having identities and virtual personalities operating in smart spaces using intelligent interfaces to connect and communicate within social, environmental, and user contexts”. ------- IoT in 2020

Internet of Things:

Internet of Things History 1997, “The Internet of Things” is the seventh in the series of ITU Internet Reports originally launched in 1997 under the title “Challenges to the Network”. 1999, Auto-ID Center founded in MIT 2003, EPC Global founded in MIT 2005, Four important technologies of the internet of things was proposed in WSIS conference. 2008, First international conference of internet of things: The IOT 2008 was held at Zurich.

What’s the Internet of Things:

What’s the Internet of Things From any time ,any place connectivity for anyone, we will now have connectivity for anything!

What’s the Internet of Things:

What’s the Internet of Things Event Driven Ambient Intelligence Flexible Structure Semantic Sharing Complex Access Technologies Internet of Things Characteristics

Why Internet of Things:

Why Internet of Things Dynamic control of industry and daily life Improve the resource utilization ratio Better relationship between human and nature Forming an intellectual entity by integrating human society and physical systems

The application of IoT(1):

The application of IoT(1) Network Biosensor taken by people Equipment in public place House Regional Office Virtual Environment Transportation Vehicle

The application of IoT(2):

The application of IoT(2) Scenario: shopping (2) When shopping in the market, the goods will introduce themselves. (1) When entering the doors, scanners will identify the tags on her clothing. (4) When paying for the goods, the microchip of the credit card will communicate with checkout reader. (3) When moving the goods, the reader will tell the staff to put a new one.

Apple’s Curved Screen:

Apple’s Curved Screen

A Transparent Lighter shape mobile phone:

A Transparent Lighter shape mobile phone

A Nokia pen with 1.3MB Memory to record what you write:

A Nokia pen with 1.3MB Memory to record what you write

A mobile phone/computer with expandable screen:

A mobile phone/computer with expandable screen

Bendable Screens:

Bendable Screens

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