RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

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BASED ON CHAPTER 1 GEOGRAPHY BOOK CLASS 10 NCERT

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RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

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WHAT ARE RESOURCES? A resource is a source or supply from which benefit is produced. Typically resources are materials, money, services, staff, or other assets that produce benefit. From a human perspective a natural resource is anything obtained from the environment to satisfy human needs and wants . From a broader biological or ecological perspective a resource satisfies the needs of a living organism. Resources have three main characteristics: utility, limit, availability, and potential for depletion or consumption.

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CLASSIFICATION OF RESOURCES

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TYPES OF RESOURCES

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BIOTIC & ABIOTIC RESOURCES Biotic – Biotic resources are obtained from the biosphere (living and organic material), such as forests and animals, and the materials that can be obtained from them. Fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum are also included in this category because they are formed from decayed organic matter. Abiotic – Abiotic resources are those that come from non-living, non-organic material. Examples of abiotic resources include land, fresh water, air and heavy metals including ores such as gold, iron, copper, silver, etc.

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RENEWABLE RESOURCES Renewable resources are ones that can be replenished naturally. Some of these resources, like sunlight, air, wind, etc., are continuously available and their quantity is not noticeably affected by human consumption. Resources from a human use perspective are classified as renewable only so long as the rate of replenishment/recovery exceeds that of the rate of consumption.

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NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES A natural resource such as coal, gas, or oil that, once consumed, cannot be replaced. Most energy resources currently in use are non-renewable. A non-renewable resource is made up of mostly dead animal skin. The skin then turns into a resource such as oil. Also considered non-renewable are resources that are consumed much faster than nature can create them.

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INDIVIDUAL RESOURCES - Individual resources are those resources which are owned by an individual and can 't be accessed by someone else. These are also referred as private resource. These are indicators of a capitalist country and its influence. E.g.. Land , property, houses, cars etc. COMMUNITY OWNED RESOURCES -Community resources are a group of assistance programs that are provided to the members of a community for free. Each resource is made available to community members to help them become self-reliant and maintain their human rights and well being. E.g.. Public parks, village commons etc.

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NATIONAL RESOURCES - All the resources belong to the nation. The country has legal powers to acquire even private property for public good. Urban Development Authorities get empowered by the government to acquire land. E.g. All the minerals, water resources, forests, wildlife, land within the political boundaries are resources which belong to the nation. INTERNATIONAL RESOURCES - All the resources lying beyond 200 kms of Exclusive Economic Zone in the oceans are called International Resources. No individual country can use it without the permission of International agencies.

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Potential Resources - These are known to exist and may be used in the future. For example, petroleum may exist in many parts of India and Kuwait that have sedimentary rocks, but until the time it is actually drilled out and put into use, it remains a potential resource. Developed Resources - Developed resources are those that have been surveyed, their quantity and quality determined and are being used in present times. The development of an actual resource, such as wood processing depends upon the technology available and the cost involved

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Stock Resources – Stock resources are those that have been surveyed but cannot be used by organisms due to lack of technology. For example: water is a compound of 2 inflammable gases: hydrogen and oxygen, which can be used as a rich source of energy. But we do not have the required technical know-how to use them for this purpose. Hence it can be considered as stock. Reserve Resources – The part of an actual resource which can be developed profitably in the future is called a reserve resource. The water in dams, forests etc. is a reserve which can be used in future.

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DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCES

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With increasing population, the demand for resources is increasing. There are marked differences in resource distribution and associated economic inequality between regions or countries, with developed countries using more natural resources than developing countries. Typically resources cannot be consumed in their original form, but rather through resource development they must be processed into more usable commodities.

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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable development constantly seeks to achieve social and economic progress in ways that will not exhaust the earth’s finite natural resources. The needs of the world today are real and immediate, yet it’s necessary to develop ways to meet these needs that do not disregard the future, sustainable development practices can help us do this, and through education and building awareness, preserving the future is within everyone’s reach.

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THANK YOU MADE BY: ARJUN SOOTA

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