Research MethodologyFor MBS : Research MethodologyFor MBS Research Problems Research Problems : Research Problems What is problem ?
a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved eg "urban problems such as traffic congestion and smog"
a question raised for consideration or solution; "our homework consisted of ten problems to solve"
A problem is an "issue" or obstacle which makes it difficult to achieve a desired goal, objective or purpose. It refers to a situation, condition, or issue that is yet unresolved. ... Research Problems : Research Problems Definition:
A difficult question or situation with an unknown or unclear answer
The word problem usually describes a negative situation but often it simply refers to a challenge or even an opportunity. Research Problems : Research Problems Meaning of Research Problem:
It is one of the first statements made in any research paper and, as well as defining the research area.
in general refers to some difficulties experienced by a researcher and the solution has to be find out. Research Problems : Research Problems There are two types of research problems.
Problems which relate to states of nature.
Eg Status of working Children in Kathmandu Metropolitan city in 2010”
Problems which relates to relationship between variables.
Eg: Lack of chemical fertilizer is the mail causes of the low production of grain food in Nepal during 2009” Steps in the formulation of RP : Steps in the formulation of RP Identify the broad topic
Identify the narrow within broad topic
Example of broad
Optimizing productivity of land and water resources
Ensuring Food Safety & Security
Examples of a narrow topic:
Disease in Coffee plant in Palpa
Underground water use in Kathmandu Formulation of Research Problems : Formulation of Research Problems Essentially, two steps are involved in formulating research problems.
Understanding the problem thoroughly.
Expressing the problem in more specifies terms or, more clear. Understating of RP : Understating of RP The most important way of understanding the problem is discussion with colleagues or persons who are expert in knowledge or skill.
The problem is also studied using literature survey.
After understanding the problem, it is expressed, in more specific terms to make the problem, clear. Guidelines of selecting Research Problems : Guidelines of selecting Research Problems The problem of research should be such in which researcher is deeply interested.
National or agency priority
The problem should not necessarily be new ones.
Urgency of an issue.
Availability of research fund.
Availability of supervision. Research Problems : Research Problems Criteria of good problems
The problem should be clear and unambiguous
The problem should express the relationship between two or more variables.
The problem should be possible in empirical testing. Research Problems : Research Problems Example:
Consider the following problem
"Why is the Productivity of Kathmandu Metropolis is higher than Pokhara Municipality?"
This problem is too general so this problem should be expressed in more specific forms as Research Problems : Research Problems Example:
"What factors are responsible for increasing the Kathmandu's labour productivity in Five manufacturing industries in 2009 related to Pokhara’s corresponding figures?"
This type of problem is specific and the conclusion drawn through research is considered to be more reliable. Slide 13: Thank YOU!!!.