lecture10-postmodernism-140324230927-phpapp01 (1)

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

History of Architecture-II (AP-313) POSTMODERNISM Part II LECTURE 10:

History of Architecture-II (AP-313) POSTMODERNISM Part II LECTURE 10 Nipesh P Narayanan Image Source : http://www.statelykitsch.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/MH-sketch.jpg [Online]

HOW IS ARCHITECTURE PERCEIVED? :

HOW IS ARCHITECTURE PERCEIVED?

THE MODES OF ARCHITECTURAL COMMUNICATION ~CHARLES JENCKS:

Metaphor Culture based common symbols Appropriation of symbols Words Architectural elements – doors, windows, columns Syntax Grammar (System) Semantics Appropriate usage of symbols/words (Meaning) THE MODES OF ARCHITECTURAL COMMUNICATION ~CHARLES JENCKS

METAPHOR :

METAPHOR Image Source : The Language of Post-Modern Architecture ~Charles Jencks [pg 48-49] Ronchamp Chapel, France   ,  Le Corbusier, 1955

METAPHOR :

METAPHOR Image Source : The Language of Post-Modern Architecture ~Charles Jencks [pg 48-49] Ronchamp Chapel, France   ,  Le Corbusier, 1955

WORDS AND SYNTAX :

WORDS AND SYNTAX India Gate, New Delhi Image Source : http://spectralhues.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/India-Gate.jpg

SEMANTICS :

SEMANTICS Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:VVenturi_House_Highsmith.jpeg [Online] Vanna Venturi House, Philadelphia  ,  Robert Venturi , 1959-64

DEATH OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE! (Ar. Minoru Yamasaki) :

“Modern Architecture died in St. Louis, Missouri on July 15, 1972 at 3:32 PM (or thereabouts) when the in-famous Pruitt- Igoe scheme, or rather several of its slab blocks, were given the final coup de gráce by dynamite.” ~ Charles Jencks (1987) DEATH OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE! (Ar. Minoru Yamasaki) Image Source : http://www.pruitt-igoe.com/press/print/3000px_IconicImplosion_Pruitt-IgoeMyth_Credit-STL-Post-Dispatch.jpg [Online]

1954 -THE SEVEN CRUTCHES OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE ~Philip Johnson:

History Pretty Drawings Utility (Usefulness) “ They say a building is good architecture if it works. Of course, this is poppy-cock. All buildings work…..merely that a building works is not sufficient. You expect that it works….But when it’s used as a crutch it impedes. It lulls you into thinking that that is architecture” Comfort Cheapness Serving the Client Structure “ Why not realize that architecture is the sum of inescapable artistic decisions that YOU have to make” 1954 -THE SEVEN CRUTCHES OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE ~Philip Johnson

1956 -THE SYNAGOGUES IN PORT CHESTER ~Philip Johnson:

“ [Johnson’s] first, tentative break with Mies was the Synagogue…. outside a startling simplification recalling of those of Ledoux , on the inside memories of the Soane Museum. These historical quotes are located within a black picture-frame of Meiesian steel..” ~ C Jencks 1956 -THE SYNAGOGUES IN PORT CHESTER ~Philip Johnson Image Source: http://blog.tobiaspartners.com/wp-content/uploads/Kneses-Tifereth-Israel-Synagogue-Port-Chester-NY-1956.jpg [ONLINE]

1956 -THE SYNAGOGUES IN PORT CHESTER ~Philip Johnson:

1956 -THE SYNAGOGUES IN PORT CHESTER ~Philip Johnson Image Source: http://observatory.designobserver.com/media/images/IMG_4913_2_525_525.jpg [ONLINE]

THE MOULDINGS AND TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS:

THE MOULDINGS AND TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS Image Source: http://payload.cargocollective.com/1/1/63512/942422/Museo-Magazine-Venturi-Scott-Brown-North-Penn-Visiting-Nurses-Association-1963_800.jpg [ONLINE] Robert Venturi , Headquarter Building, North Penn Visiting Nurses Association, 1960

WHY THE MOULDINGS AND TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS? :

WHY THE MOULDINGS AND TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS?

WHERE IS THE ENTRANCE? :

WHERE IS THE ENTRANCE? Image Source: http://payload.cargocollective.com/1/1/63512/942422/Museo-Magazine-Venturi-Scott-Brown-North-Penn-Visiting-Nurses-Association-1963_800.jpg [ONLINE]

WHERE IS THE ENTRANCE? :

WHERE IS THE ENTRANCE? Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/3c/VillaSavoye.jpg [ONLINE]

THE ORNAMENT DISCUSSION:

THE ORNAMENT DISCUSSION Image Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Barcelona_Pavilion,_Barcelona,_2010.jpg [ONLINE] Barcelona , 1929 “Less is More” ~ Mies Van Der Rohe

THE ORNAMENT DISCUSSION:

THE ORNAMENT DISCUSSION Image Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Barcelona_Pavilion,_Barcelona,_2010.jpg [ONLINE] AT&T Building, NY  , 1984 “ Mies is such a genius! But I grew old! And bored! My direction is clear; eclectic tradition. This is not academic revivalism. There are no Classic orders or Gothic finials. I try to pick up what I like throughout history. We cannot not know history ” ~ Philip Johnson (1965)

DUCK AND DECORATED SHELL! :

Duck Meaning Conveyed by Architectural Symbols Decorated Shell Meaning conveyed by Signage DUCK AND DECORATED SHELL ! Image Source : http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/41EEGFY1QRL._SL500_AA300_.jpg [Online] 1966

DUCK OR DECORATED SHELL?:

DUCK OR DECORATED SHELL ? Image Source : http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-9kfkmTgtXWo/TtmCPtKqsvI/AAAAAAAACZg/3TuGFYBa000/s1600/tailopup.jpg [Online]

DUCK OR DECORATED SHELL?:

DUCK OR DECORATED SHELL ? Image Source : http://travelphotobase.com/i/USNV/NVV2703.JPG [Online]

DUCK OR DECORATED SHELL?:

DUCK OR DECORATED SHELL ? Image Source : http://www.dezeen.com/2013/11/05/nesher-memorial-auditorium-and-gallery-by-so-architecture/ [Online]

DUCK OR DECORATED SHELL?:

DUCK OR DECORATED SHELL ? Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:VVenturi_House_Highsmith.jpeg [Online]

COMPLEXITY AND CONTRADICTION IN ARCHITECTURE ~ R Venturi (1966):

COMPLEXITY AND CONTRADICTION IN ARCHITECTURE ~ R Venturi (1966) Visual preferences in opposition to modernism Complexity and contradiction VS Simplification Ambiguity and tension rather than straightforwardness ‘both-and’ rather than ‘either-or’ Hybrid rather than pure elements Messy vitality rather than obvious unity

FRANKLIN COURT:

FRANKLIN COURT Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:VVenturi_House_Highsmith.jpeg [Online] Philadelphia  ,  Robert Venturi , 1972-76

FRANKLIN COURT:

FRANKLIN COURT Image Source : http://www.uwishunu.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/BF-Museum-BF-Itinerary-680uw.jpg [Online] Philadelphia  ,  Robert Venturi , 1972-76

JENCKS AND THE READING OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE:

JENCKS AND THE READING OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE Straight Revivalism Neo-Vernacular Metaphor and Metaphysics Radical Eclecticism Post-Modern Classicism

STRAIGHT REVIVALISM:

STRAIGHT REVIVALISM Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gurna_Mosque_R01.jpg [Online] Mosque, Luxor, Egypt, Hassan Fathy (1948)

NEO VERNACULAR:

NEO VERNACULAR Image Source : http://www.architectureguide.nl/media/large/d5/B08PR.jpg [Online] Amsterdam Zwolle Housing  ,  Aldo Van Eyck and Theo Bosch, 1975-77

METAPHOR & METAPHYSICS:

METAPHOR & METAPHYSICS Amdavad ni Gufa   , B V Doshi , 1992-95 Image Source : AUTHOR

RADICAL ECLECTICISM:

RADICAL ECLECTICISM Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sony_Building_by_David_Shankbone_crop.jpg [Online] AT&T Building, Philip Johnson, NY , 1984

POST-MODERN CLASSICISM:

POST-MODERN CLASSICISM Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PiazzaDItalia1990.jpg [Online] Piazza D’Italia , New Orleans , 1978

JENCKS AND THE READING OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE:

JENCKS AND THE READING OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE Straight Revivalism Neo-Vernacular -------------------------------------- Critical Regionalism

POST-MODERN SPACE:

POST-MODERN SPACE “Post-Modern space is historically specific , rooted in conventions, unlimited or ambiguous in zoning and irrational or transformational in its relation of parts to whole……. …skew or distorted spaces, created by sharp angles which exaggerate perspective …. …always keep a mental coordinate system no matter how free-form and baroque they become. The reference plane is always an implied frontality , and the route through the building or the curvilinear elements then relate to this conceptual cage ” ~ Charles Jencks (1987)

POST-MODERN SPACE:

POST-MODERN SPACE Image Source : http://payload.cargocollective.com/1/1/63512/942422/Museo-Magazine-Venturi-Scott-Brown-Vanna-Venturi-House-(interior)-1964_800.jpg [Online] Vanna Venturi House, Philadelphia  ,  Robert Venturi , 1959-64

POST-MODERN SPACE:

POST-MODERN SPACE Image Source : http://house6.s-trefois.be/data/textes/eisenman/images/eisenman/HouseIII4.jpg [Online] House 3, Minnesota , Peter Eisenman , 1971

POST-MODERN SPACE:

POST-MODERN SPACE Image Source : http://www.abbeville.com/images-catalog/full-size/0789208180.interior01.jpg [Online] Westchester House , NY , Robert Stern, 1974-76

POST-MODERN SPACE:

POST-MODERN SPACE Image Source : http://www.arthistory.ucr.edu/people/faculty/morton/images/FacultyClub.jpg [Online] Faculty Club, California , Charles Moore & William Turnbill , 1969

ARCHITECT – PHILIP JOHNSON - PPG PLACE:

Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pittsburgh-pennsylvania-ppg-place-2007.jpg [Online] Pennsylvania , 2007 ARCHITECT – PHILIP JOHNSON - PPG PLACE

ARCHITECT – PHILIP JOHNSON - THE JOHNSON BUILDING:

Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Johnson_building_bpl.jpg [Online]  Massachusetts , 2008 ARCHITECT – PHILIP JOHNSON - THE JOHNSON BUILDING

ARCHITECT – JAMES STIRLING- CLORE GALLERY:

Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Clore_Gallery_London_Dec07.JPG [Online]  London , 1980-87 ARCHITECT – JAMES STIRLING - CLORE GALLERY

ARCHITECT – JAMES STIRLING- NO 1 POULTRY:

Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:1_Poultry.jpg [Online]  London , 1997 ARCHITECT – JAMES STIRLING - NO 1 POULTRY

ARCHITECT – CHARLES MOORE - PIAZZA D'ITALIA:

ARCHITECT – CHARLES MOORE - PIAZZA D'ITALIA Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PiazzaDItalia1990.jpg [Online] Piazza D’Italia , New Orleans , 1978

ARCHITECT – CHARLES MOORE – FACULTY CLUB:

ARCHITECT – CHARLES MOORE – FACULTY CLUB Image Source : http://www.greatbuildings.com/cgi-bin/gbi.cgi/UCSB_Faculty_Club.html/cid_20060410_kmm_img_2627.html [Online] California , Charles Moore & William Turnbill , 1969

ARCHITECT – CHARLES MOORE – FACULTY CLUB:

ARCHITECT – CHARLES MOORE – FACULTY CLUB Image Source : http://www.greatbuildings.com/cgi-bin/gbi.cgi/UCSB_Faculty_Club.html/cid_20060410_kmm_img_2638.html [Online] California , Charles Moore & William Turnbill , 1969

ARCHITECT – I M PEI – LE GRAND LOUVRE:

ARCHITECT – I M PEI – LE GRAND LOUVRE Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Louvre_Museum_Wikimedia_Commons.jpg [Online] Le Grand Louvre, Paris , 1988

ARCHITECT – I M PEI – BELL TOWER:

ARCHITECT – I M PEI – BELL TOWER Image Source : http://www.shumei.org/spirituality/tour/images/tower.jpg [Online] Kyoto, Japan , 1997

ARCHITECT – MARIO BOTTA – SF-MOMA:

ARCHITECT – MARIO BOTTA – SF- MOMA Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:San_Francisco_Museum_of_Modern_Art_in_2011.jpg [Online] SF, 1995

ARCHITECT – CHARLES JENCKS – GARAGIA ROTUNDA:

ARCHITECT – CHARLES JENCKS – GARAGIA ROTUNDA Image Source : http://media.vam.ac.uk/media/website/versions/uploads/new_images/postmodernism-blog-garagia_small_610x915.jpg [Online] Wellfleet, Massachusetts , 1977

ARCHITECT – CHARLES JENCKS – GARAGIA ROTUNDA:

ARCHITECT – CHARLES JENCKS – GARAGIA ROTUNDA Image Source : http://liberalirionist.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/garagia-rotunda.jpg [Online] Wellfleet, Massachusetts , 1977

ARCHITECT – MICHAEL GRAVES – PORTLAND BUILDING:

ARCHITECT – MICHAEL GRAVES – PORTLAND BUILDING Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Portland_Building_1982.jpg [Online] Portland , 1982

ARCHITECT – LÉON KRIER – NEW TOWN OF POUNDBURY:

ARCHITECT – LÉON KRIER – NEW TOWN OF POUNDBURY Image Source : http://zakuski.utsa.edu/krier/BUILDINGS/poundburystreet.350.jpg [Online] New Urbanism, England , 1980s

ARCHITECT – ALDO ROSSI – SAN CATALDO CEMETERY – NEO RATIONALISM:

ARCHITECT – ALDO ROSSI – SAN CATALDO CEMETERY – NEO RATIONALISM Image Source : http://www.archdaily.com/95400/ad-classics-san-cataldo-cemetery-aldo-rossi/sancat1/ [Online] Modena, Italy, 1984 

ARCHITECT – ALDO ROSSI – SAN CATALDO CEMETERY – NEO RATIONALISM:

Image Source : http://www.archdaily.com/95400/ad-classics-san-cataldo-cemetery-aldo-rossi/sancat2/ [Online] Modena, Italy, 1984  ARCHITECT – ALDO ROSSI – SAN CATALDO CEMETERY – NEO RATIONALISM

ARCHITECT – ROB KRIER – RITTERSTRASSE APARTMENTS:

ARCHITECT – ROB KRIER – RITTERSTRASSE APARTMENTS Image Source : http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2273/2476304044_0377c0033c.jpg?v=0 [Online] Berlin, 1978 

ARCHITECT – ROBERT VENTURI + DENISE SCOTT BROWN – CHAPEL :

ARCHITECT – ROBERT VENTURI + DENISE SCOTT BROWN – CHAPEL  Image Source : http://payload.cargocollective.com/1/1/63512/942422/Museo-Magazine-Venturi-Scott-Brown-Episcopal-Academy-Chapel-2008_800.jpg [Online] Pennsylvania, 2010

ARCHITECT – ROBERT VENTURI + DENISE SCOTT BROWN – CHAPEL :

ARCHITECT – ROBERT VENTURI + DENISE SCOTT BROWN – CHAPEL  Image Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Espicopal_Acad_int.JPG [Online] Pennsylvania, 2010

POST-MODERN ARCHITECTS AND THE URBAN CONCERNS:

POST-MODERN ARCHITECTS AND THE URBAN CONCERNS

POST-MODERN ARCHITECTS AND THE URBAN CONCERNS:

Social Modernity and Modernism The unrealised dream Post-Modern response to the “Public” Expression, Ornament, Wit Urban Outburst and the fall of Modernism’s promise Complexity as opposed to modernism’s standardization Urban as the new Laboratory Rem Koolhaas in Lagos Rob Krier - Town Spaces. Contemporary Interpretations in Traditional Urbanism Aldo Rossi - T he architecture of the city POST-MODERN ARCHITECTS AND THE URBAN CONCERNS

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

Multivalence is preferred to univalence , imagination to fancy. ‘Complexity and Contraction’ over ‘Minimalism’ Chaos Theory explain nature than liner dynamics. Memory and History are inevitable 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

5. All architecture is invented and perceived through codes , hence the languages of architecture and symbolic architecture, hence the double-coding of architecture within the codes of both the professional and populace . 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

6. All codes are influenced by a semiotic community and various taste cultures, hence the need in pluralist culture for a design based on Radical Eclecticism. 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

7. Architecture is a public language , hence the need for a Post-Modern Classicism which is partly based on architectural universals and changing technology. 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

8. Architecture necessitates ornament (or patterns) which should be symbolic and symphonic, hence relevance of information theory. 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

9. Architecture necessitates metaphor and this should relate us to natural and cultural concerns, hence the explosion of zoomorphic imagery, face houses and scientific iconography instead of ‘machine for living’. 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

10. Architecture must form the city , hence Contexualism , collage City, Neo Rationalism, small-block planning , and mixed uses and ages of buildings. 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

11. Architecture must crystallise social reality and in global city today, the Heteropolis , the very much means the pluralism of ethnic groups; hence participatory design and adhocism . 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

12. Architecture must confront the ecological reality and that means sustainable development, Green architecture and cosmic symbolism. 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS:

13. We live in a surprising, creative, self-organising universe which still gets locked-into various solutions; hence the need for a cosmogenic architecture which celebrates criticism, process and humour . 13 PROPOSITIONS OF POST-MODERN ARCHITECTURE, JENCKS 1996

PowerPoint Presentation:

“ A work can become modern only if it is first postmodern . Postmodernism thus understood is not modernism at its end but in the nascent state, and this state is constant” ~ Jean François (1979), ‘The Postmodern Condition’

REFERENCE:

REFERENCE Charles Jencks. 1977. The Language of Post-Modern Architecture. Academy Editions. ISBN 0856709336 Robert Venturi   . 1966. Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture . "The Museum of Modern Art, New York"; 2nd edition (July 2, 2002) . ISBN 0870702823

authorStream Live Help