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England:

England

Table of contents:

Table of contents The most interesting monuments of England - Stonehenge - London Eye - Big Ben - Tower Bridge - Tower of London English Culture - Breakefast - Dinner - Tea time - Queen Pounds

The most interesting monuments of England:

The most interesting monuments of England Stonehenge London Eye Big Ben Tower Bridge Tower of London

Stonehenge:

Stonehenge Stonehenge  is a prehistoric monument located in Wiltshire, England, about 2 miles (3 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks. It is in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds . Archaeologists believe it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. Radiocarbon dating in 2008 suggested that the first stones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC ,  whilst another theory suggests that  bluestones may have been raised at the site as early as 3000 BC .

London Eye:

London Eye The London Eye  is a giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in  London . Also known as the  Millennium Wheel , its official name was originally the British Airways London Eye, then the  Merli n Entertainments London Eye, between January 2011 and August 2014, the EDF Energy London Eye and is now called the London Eye. From late January 2015, the London Eye will be sponsored by Coca-Cola . The entire structure is 135 metres (443 ft) tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres (394 ft). When erected in 1999 it was theworld's tallest Ferris wheel. Its height was surpassed by the 160 m (520 ft) Star of Nanchang in 2006, the 165 m (541 ft) Singapore Flyer in 2008, and the 167.6 m (550 ft) High Roller (Las Vegas) in 2014. Supported by an A-frame on one side only, unlike the taller Nanchang and Singapore wheels, the Eye is described by its operators as "the world's tallest cantilevered observation wheel ". It is currently Europe's tallest Ferris wheel ,  and offered the highest public viewing point in London  until it was superseded by the 245-metre (804 ft )  observation deck on the 72nd floor of The Shard, which opened to the public on 1 February 2013 .  It is the most popular paid tourist attraction in the Unit ed Kingdom  with over 3.5 million visitors annually ,  and has made many appearances in popular culture.

Big Ben:

Big Ben Big Ben  is the nickname for the  Great Bell  of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London ,  and often extended to refer to the clock and the clock tower .  The tower is officially known as the  Elizabeth Tower , renamed as such to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II (prior to being renamed in 2012 it was known as simply " Clock Tower "). The tower holds the largest four-faced chiming  clock in the world and is the third-tallest free-standing clock tower .  The tower was completed in 1858 and had its 150th anniversary on 31 May 2009 ,  during which celebratory events took place .  The tower has become one of the most prominent symbols of the United Kingdom and is often in the establishing shot of films set in London.

Tower Bridge:

Tower Bridge  (built 1886–1894) is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London which crosses the River Thames. It is close to the Tower of London, from which it takes its name, and has become an iconic symbol of London. The bridge consists of two towers tied together at the upper level by means of two horizontal walkways, designed to withstand the horizontal forces exerted by the suspended sections of the bridge on the landward sides of the towers. The vertical component of the forces in the suspended sections and the vertical reactions of the two walkways are carried by the two robust towers. The bascule pivots and operating machinery are housed in the base of each tower. The bridge's present colour scheme dates from 1977, when it was painted red, white and blue for Queen Elizabeth II's silver jubilee. Originally it was painted a mid greenish-blue colour . The nearest London Underground tube stations are Tower Hi l l  on the Circle and District line,  Londo Bridge and  Bermondsey , and the nearest Docklands Light Railway station is Tower Gatewa y . Tower Bridge

Tower of London:

Tower of London Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress , known as the  Tower of London , is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hi l l . It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078, and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new r u ling elite. The castle was used as a prison from 1100 ( Ranulf Flambard ) until 1952 ( Kray twins ),  although that was not its primary purpose. A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart , Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.

English Culture:

English Culture Breakefast Dinner Tea time Queen

Breakefast:

Breakefast A  full breakfast  is a breakfast meal, usually consisting of bacon, sausages and eggs, often served with a variety of side dishes and a beverage such as coffee or tea. It is especially popular in the UK and Ireland and in UK-influenced cultures, including the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa. It is sometimes referred to as an  English breakfast  or a "full English breakfast". Sometimes it may be shortened to "full English" or "fry-up ".  The phrase "full breakfast" differentiates it from the European Continental breakfast, traditionally consisting of tea, milk or coffee and fruit juices with bread, croissants or pastries. A full breakfast is regarded as a staple of traditional UK and Irish cuisine. Many British and Irish cafés and pubs serve the meal at any time as an "all-day breakfast". Other common names for the dish reflect UK and Irish locality and produce and include the  full Scottish ,  full Welsh ,  full Irish  and the  Ulster fry .

Dinner:

Dinner Fish and chips is a hot dish of English origin , consisting of battered fish, commonly Atlantic cod or haddock, and deep-fried chips. It is a common take-away food. A common side dish is mushy peas.

Tea time:

Tea time Tea time is the evening meal or dinner of the working class, typically eaten between 5 pm and 7 pm . Tea time typically consists of a hot dish, followed by cakes and bread, butter and jam. Occasionally there would be cold cuts of meat, such as ham salad. Traditionally, high tea was eaten by middle- to upper-class children (whose parents would have a more formal dinner later) or by workers when they came home from work . The term was first used around 1825, and high is used in the sense of well-advanced (like high noon, for example) to signify that it was taken later in the day than afternoon tea; it was used predominantly by the working class and in certain British dialects of the north of England and Scotland .

Queen:

Queen Elizabeth II  (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926 )  is the constitutional monarch of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations. She is also Head of the Commonwealth and Supreme Governor of the Church of England. Upon her accession on 6 February 1952, Elizabeth became Head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon. Her coronation the following year was the first to be televised. From 1956 to 1992, the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence and some realms became republics. Today, in addition to the first four of the aforementioned countries, Elizabeth is Queen of Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis. She is the longest-lived and, after her great-great grandmother Queen Victoria, the second longest-reigning British monarch. Elizabeth was born in London and educated privately at home. Her father acceded to the throne as George VI on the  abdication of his brother Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, in which she served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In 1947, she married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, with whom she has four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward.

Pound:

Pound The  pound  is a unit of currency in some nations. The term originated in Great Britain as the value of a pound (weight) of silver . The word  pound  is the English translation of the Latin word  libra , which was the unit of account of the Roman Empire. The British pound derived from the Roman  libra , which is why the pound (mass) is often initialized to ' lb '; along with the French livre, the Italian lira and the Portuguese Libra, when, during Middle Ages the European countries adopted the LSD system. The currency's symbol is  £ . Historically, £1 worth of silver coins were a troy pound in weight; as of April 2011 this amount of silver is worth approximately £300 sterling. Today, the term may refer to a number of (primarily British and related) currencies, and a variety of now-obsolete currencies. Some of them, those official in former Italian states and in countries formerly belonging to the Ottoman Empire, are called  pound  in English, while in the local languages their official name is  lira .

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