#Le corbusier Final ppt - Copy

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AR. LECORBUSER :

AR. LECORBUSER OCT 6 1887 – AUG 27 1965 Swiss Born French Architect and Planner

PowerPoint Presentation:

Born – 6 TH OCT 1887. Born in Switzerland. Became a French Citizen in his 30’s. Studied at La- Chaux -de- Fonds Art School. Between 1918 and 1922 concentrating his efforts on Purist theory and painting. In 1922, opened a studio in Paris. Died – 27 TH Aug 1965 at the age of 77. BIOGRAPHY

Early days and inspiration:

Early days and inspiration In his early days he studied modern building construction under Ar. Auguste Perret in Paris. Auguste Perret was the first who introduced concrete and Le Corbusier further worked on it. Le Corbusier used concrete to form a structural whole unlike Perret who viewed concrete as a superior form of construction to masonry. He was heavily influenced by problems he saw in industrial cities at the turn of 19 th century to 20 th century, when industrial revolution was prominent.

Contribution to Architecture:

Contribution to Architecture He was the pioneer of modernism in architecture and laid foundation to what is known as Bauhaus Movement or International style. He is known for innovation in urban planning and his solutions for low income housing. During his lifetime he had projects in Russia, India and Europe. Two are in the USA too. He formed the five points of architecture which were the guiding principles for many architects.

Characteristics of work :

Characteristics of work Mostly, all of his works were based on the principles mentioned earlier. The earlier buildings by Le Corbusier were smooth, white concrete and glass structures elevated above the ground. He called these works "pure prisms." In the late 1940s, Le Corbusier turned to a style known as "New Brutalism," which used rough, heavy forms of stone, concrete, stucco, and glass.

MAIN WORKS:

MAIN WORKS 1905: Villa Fallet , La Chaux -de- Fonds , Switzerland 1923: Villa La Roche/Villa Jeanneret , Paris 1929: Villa Savove , France 1949–1952: United Nations headquarters, New York City 1952–1959: Buildings in Chandigarh, India 1952: Palace of Justice (Chandigarh) 1952: Museum and Gallery of Art (Chandigarh) 1953: Secretariat Building (Chandigarh) 1953: Governor's Palace (Chandigarh) 1955: Palace of Assembly (Chandigarh) 1959: Government College of Arts (GCA) and the Chandigarh College of Architecture(CCA) (Chandigarh) 1956: Museum at Ahmedabad, Ahmadabad, India 1956: Saddam Hussein Gymnasium, Baghdad, Iraq

PowerPoint Presentation:

Free standing support pillars 2 . Open floor plan independent of supports 3. Vertical facades free of supports Long horizontal sliding windows 5. Roof gardens Five Points Of New Architecture

PowerPoint Presentation:

The pilotis (Supporting columns): The house on is firmly driven into the ground - a dark and often damp site. The reinforced concrete gives us the pilotis . The house is up in the air, far from the ground: the garden runs under the house. Free standing support pillars

Open floor plan independent of supports:

Open floor plan independent of supports Free plan: Until now load-bearing walls; from the ground they are superimposed, forming the ground floor and the upper stories, up to the eaves. The layout is a slave to the supporting walls. Reinforced concrete in the house provides a free plan! The floors are no longer superimposed by partition walls. They are free.

Vertical facades free of supports:

Vertical facades free of supports Free design of the façade: By projecting the floor beyond the supporting pillars, like a balcony all round the building, the whole facade is extended beyond the supporting construction. It thereby loses its supportive quality and the windows may be extended to any length at will, without any direct relationship to the interior division. A window may just as well be 10 metres long for a dwelling house as 200 metres for a palatial building. The facade may thus be designed freely.

Long horizontal sliding windows :

Long horizontal sliding windows The horizontal window: 'The window is one of the essential features of the house. Progress brings liberation. Reinforced concrete provides a revolution in the history of the window. Windows can run from one end of the facade to the other .

Roof gardens:

Roof gardens The roof gardens: the garden is also over the house, on the roof. Reinforced concrete is the new way to create a unified roof structure. Reinforced concrete expands considerably. The expansion makes the work crack at times of sudden shrinkage. Instead of trying to evacuate the rainwater quickly, endeavor on the contrary to maintain a constant humidity on the concrete of the terrace and hence an even temperature on the reinforced concrete. One particular protective measure: sand covered with thick concrete slabs, with widely spaced joints; these joints are sown with grass.'

VILLA SAVOVE, FRANCE (1929- 1931):

VILLA SAVOVE, FRANCE (1929- 1931)

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view

view:

view

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View of toilet

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View of ramp

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Ground floor view

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View of solarium

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View of living room

view:

view

NOTRE DAME DU HAUT, RONCHAMP:

NOTRE DAME DU HAUT, RONCHAMP

PLAN:

PLAN

NORTH ELEVATION:

NORTH ELEVATION

SOUTH ELEVATION:

SOUTH ELEVATION

SECTIONS:

SECTIONS

VIEW of external punctures:

VIEW of external punctures

View of altar:

View of altar

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VIEW

VIEW of out side altar:

VIEW of out side altar

INTERIOR VIEW:

INTERIOR VIEW

INTERIOR VIEW:

INTERIOR VIEW

bibliography:

bibliography www.google.com www.greatbuildings.com www.wikipedia.org www.archiplanet.org Savoye Space by Daniel Naegele . Le Corbusier: The Chapel at Ronchamp .

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Thank You By – Himanshu Bhola Himanshu Mehrotra Mayur Sachdeva Snigdha dam

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