financial crises pakistan

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COMSATS Institute of Info. Technology, Sahiwal:

COMSATS Institute of Info. Technology, Sahiwal TOPIC Financial Crisis & Its Implications for the Economy of Pakistan PRESENTED TO: Mr. SOHAIL AFZAL (Ass. Professor)

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Group # 09 M. Arbab jehangir (003) Waqar Ahmad (08) Muhammad Sajid (18) Hassan Ali (94) Jaffar () Syed Ali Fahad (107) B3 Rao Asim () PRESENTATION BY:

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WELCOME TO OUR PROGRAM PRESENTATION FRAME Global Financial Crisis In Search of an Economic System Regional Financial Problems Pakistan‘s Economy

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Finance in Total Management Financial Management Framework Global Market Crash Global Financial Crisis 1. GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS

1:1. FINANCE IN TOTAL MANAGEMENT :

1:1. FINANCE IN TOTAL MANAGEMENT FIVE CONSTITUENTS OF MANAGEMENT FINANCE Marketing Production Personnel Procurement

1:2. FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK :

1:2. FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK A: CONVENTIONAL APPROACH Resource Mobilization Response Utilization Protection of Capital Distribution of Returns B: MODERN APPROACH Maximize Returns Minimize Risks

1:3. GLOBAL MARKET CRASH :

1:3. GLOBAL MARKET CRASH October, 1987 Black Monday at NYSE 1900-92 Credit Problem 1997-98 Far East Economic Crisis 200-2002 Worst Tech Burst on NYSE etc.

1:3. GLOBAL MARKET CRASH :

1:3. GLOBAL MARKET CRASH 2007: Sub Prime Mess The Worst Decline in Housing Projects 2008 Financial Market Debacle of USA Domino Effect IMF Role Emergency Fund $200b

GLOBAL 14 BANKS: MARKET CAPITALIZATION:

Bank Q2, 2007 $bn October 20, 2008 $ bn %* Decrease of 3 over 2 1 2 3 4 1. Citigroup 255 82 68 2. HSBC 215 169 21 3. J.P. Morgan 165 147 11 4. RBS 120 22 82 5. UBS 116 46 60 6. Santander 116 80 31 7. BNP Paribas 108 64 42 GLOBAL 14 BANKS: MARKET CAPITALIZATION 1:4 GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS

GLOBAL 14 BANKS: MARKET CAPITALIZATION:

Bank Q2, 2007 $bn October 20, 2008 $ bn %* Decrease of 3 over 2 1 2 3 4 8. Goldman Sachs 100 46 54 9. Uni credit 93 41 56 10. Barclays 91 35 62 11. Societies Generale 80 33 62 12. Deutsche Bank 76 26 66 GLOBAL 14 BANKS: MARKET CAPITALIZATION 1:4 GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS

GLOBAL 14 BANKS: MARKET CAPITALIZATION:

Bank Q2, 2007 $bn October 20, 2008 $ bn %* Decrease of 3 over 2 1 2 3 4 13. Credit Suisse 75 49 35 14. Credit Agricole 67 30 55 Source: Edited from Bloomberg, October 30, 2008 * Calculated by Prof. Dr. Khawaja Amjad Saeed, Principal Hailey College of Banking & Finance, University of the Punjab. Lahore. GLOBAL 14 BANKS: MARKET CAPITALIZATION 1:4 GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS

2. IN SEARCH OF AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM :

2. IN SEARCH OF AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM System-Needed Ismistic Approach Fall of Capitalism Rise and fall of Communism/Socialism Mixed Economy In Search of Islamic Economic System Other Thoughts

3. REGIONAL FINANCIAL PROBLEMS :

3. REGIONAL FINANCIAL PROBLEMS SAARC Global Share-Intra SAARC Inter SAARC Future Out look Missing Opportunities

4. PAKISTAN’S ECONOMY :

4. PAKISTAN’S ECONOMY Major Issues Agriculture Industry Infrastructures Implications Unemployment FX Reserves FX Rate Poverty Economic Development -------------Social Justice Federal Budget 2008-09 SBP 2007-08 Annual Report

4.3 FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09:

4.3 FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09 A: NEEDED Rs. Current Expenditure 1,493 ADP-2008-09 517 2,010 B: AVAILABLE 1,111 Shortfall 899

4:3. FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09:

4:3. FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09 C: FINANCING External Resources 300 Capital Receipts (net) 221 Bank Borrowing 149 Self Financing by Previews 125 Cash Balances of Previews 079 Privatization Proceeds 025 899

4:3. FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09:

4:3. FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09 1. CURRENT EXPENDITURE Debt Servicing 619 General Public Services 311 Defense 296 Economic Affairs 201 1,427 Others 66 1,493

4:3. FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09:

4:3. FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09 2. CURRENT REVENUE Indirect Taxes 619 Direct Taxes 496 Non Tax Revenue 428 1,679 Less: Transfer to Provinces 568 1,111

4:3. FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09:

3. ADP 2008-09 Federal Govt 400 Provincial ADPs 150 Other Development Expenditure 044 594 Less: Operational Shortfall 077 517 4:3. FEDERAL BUDGET 2008-09

4:4. SBP 2007-08 ANNUAL REPORT :

4:4. SBP 2007-08 ANNUAL REPORT Particulars 2007-08 2006-07 1. Agriculture (A) 1.5% (T) 4.8% 2. Agricultural credit 25.3% higher 3. Industrial sector 4.6% 8.0% 4. Fiscal deficit (2008-09 – 4.6% 4.8%-P, 4.7% A) (A) 7.4% 5. Current Account deficit-of GDP 2008-09-6.2%-6.8% (p) 8.4%

4:4. SBP 2007-08 ANNUAL REPORT :

4:4. SBP 2007-08 ANNUAL REPORT Particulars 2007-08 2006-07 6. CPI 23.9% Food Inflation (in August 2008) 33.0% SPI (end September 2008) 29.8% WPI (end September 2008) 23.1% 7. Liquid FX reserves December 13, 2008 9.16 Source: Extracted from IBP-Economic Letter, December 13, 2008, P.1

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