Wind Power

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Wind PowerChallenges & Opportunities : 

Wind PowerChallenges & Opportunities Presented by The Ontario Sustainable Energy Association Roberto Garcia February 21, 2009 Hearst, ON

Terminology…‘There is nothing “alternative” about RENEWABLE or SUSTAINABLE energy…’ : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 2 Terminology…‘There is nothing “alternative” about RENEWABLE or SUSTAINABLE energy…’ ‘…fossil fuel and nuclear are quickly becoming the unsustainable and unwanted “alternative” energy sources.’ OSEA AND HELIX SYNERGY

Topics…(Primarily as it applies to wind) : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 3 Topics…(Primarily as it applies to wind) Wind Power technology – PICTURES! Large scale conventional energy vs. broad small scale renewable Renewable Energy Standard Offer Program Conventional vs. new approaches Operational challenges Infrastructure challenges Financial challenges

Windmill History…Technology that is different but NOT new… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 4 Windmill History…Technology that is different but NOT new… Ancient Persian Origins

Wind Powering Europe for centuries… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 5 Wind Powering Europe for centuries…

Slide 6: 

Monday, March 09, 2009 6 Wind powered shipping and exploration leading to the discovery of the ‘New World…’

European Experience… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 7 European Experience… Wind powered electrical generation – Germany and Denmark lead the way

European Experience… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 8 European Experience… Even Britain has wind power

North American Experience… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 9 North American Experience… Small Wind Turbines

North American Experience… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 10 North American Experience… Urban Wind Power Toronto

North American Experience… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 11 North American Experience… Wind powered water pumping… High torque for low wind regimes

PEI : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 12 PEI The Atlantic test facility

Alberta : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 13 Alberta Pincher Creek

Ontario : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 14 Ontario The TREC wind turbine at Exhibition Place - Toronto

Ontario : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 15 Ontario The Huron Wind Farm – Ontario’s first wind farm…

Wind turbine designs : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 16 Wind turbine designs VAWT HAWT

Wind turbine designs : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 17 Wind turbine designs VAWT HAWT

Wind turbine designs : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 18 Wind turbine designs VAWT HAWT

MET Towers : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 19 MET Towers

Wind turbine foundations : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 20 Wind turbine foundations Gravity Pad

Wind turbine components : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 21 Wind turbine components Lattice tower Monopole tower

Wind turbine components : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 22 Wind turbine components Lattice tower Monopole tower

Wind turbine components : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 23 Wind turbine components Nacelles… Geared Gearless

Wind turbine designs : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 24 Wind turbine designs Nacelles… Geared Gearless

Wind turbine designs : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 25 Wind turbine designs VAWT HAWT

Wind turbine designs : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 26 Wind turbine designs Nacelles… Geared Gearless

Wind turbine components : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 27 Wind turbine components Rotor blade

Wind turbine components : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 28 Wind turbine components Rotor blade – Ferndale Ontario

Wind turbine designs : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 29 Wind turbine designs Nacelle that includes an observation deck…

Wind Farm Components : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 30 Wind Farm Components Substation SCADA Tower MOO – Maintenance and Operations Office

Wind Farm Components : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 31 Wind Farm Components Substation SCADA Tower MOO – Maintenance and Operations Office

Wind Farm Components : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 32 Wind Farm Components Substation SCADA Tower MOO – Maintenance and Operations Office

Large scale conventional energy vs. broad small scale renewable : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 33 Large scale conventional energy vs. broad small scale renewable “BIGGER is better?” thinking… Long, high-risk supply chains The struggle for economic and political control – ‘Structured De-centralization’ Political and financial risks Mindsets – “DOUG’s”

92 Generators?...Or +92,000?... : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 34 92 Generators?...Or +92,000?... Renewable/Sustainable energy is ‘low-density’ or ‘dispersed’ energy High density loads and low density (dispersed) sources

The wind power equivalent of two nuclear plants! : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 35 The wind power equivalent of two nuclear plants!

RFPs vs. RESOPConventional vs. new approaches : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 36 RFPs vs. RESOPConventional vs. new approaches It’s all about risk… Feed-in tariff Financial risk & return objectives So-called free-market approach Unregulated prices and demand? …or fixed prices and open demand…or open pricing and fixed demand.

What does the wind farm developer do?“The Risk Eater” : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 37 What does the wind farm developer do?“The Risk Eater”

The Elephant in the room… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 38 The Elephant in the room… Line capacity Power quality Fair access Visual impact The COST!!!

The future… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 39 The future…

Operational challenges… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 40 Operational challenges… Who stands to loose? Renewable energy will require a complete re-vamp Where/What are the opportunities…

What about the ‘intermittency’ problem?…Dispatchability vs. Electricity Storage : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 41 What about the ‘intermittency’ problem?…Dispatchability vs. Electricity Storage

Wind Turbine base on top of a closed land fill : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 42 Wind Turbine base on top of a closed land fill Accepting public Existing grid connection Elevation advantage

Stranded Land EnhancementTwo wind turbines built on top of a landfill site at Karlsruhe, Germany. : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 43 Stranded Land EnhancementTwo wind turbines built on top of a landfill site at Karlsruhe, Germany.

Slide 44: 

Monday, March 09, 2009 44 Dundalk Lagoon Wind Farm The Southgate Experience so far…

Infrastructure challenges… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 45 Infrastructure challenges… What needs to be done? Who’s going to pay? What about the power conventional energy interests? What about NIMBY’s, BANANA’s, and NOPE’s?

‘NIMBYism’… Suddenly ‘experts’ are everywhere! : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 46 ‘NIMBYism’… Suddenly ‘experts’ are everywhere! NIMBY’s, BANANA’s, NOPE’s… NIMBY websites…’Country Guardian’… Country Guardian’s ‘amazing’ photography … www.countryguardian.net

Wind turbine disasters… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 47 Wind turbine disasters… Nacelles… Geared Gearless

Visual Impact : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 48 Visual Impact Short/small?… Close spacing High speed Tall/large?… Wide spacing Low speed The ‘Height’ fallacy

BustingMyth #1… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 49 BustingMyth #1… …”The results of this analysis of property sales in the vicinity of the post-1998 projects suggest that there is no support for the claim that wind development will harm property values.”… http://www.crest.org/articles/static/1/binaries/wind_online_final.pdf

BustingMyth #2… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 50 BustingMyth #2… Avian Mortality… Mortality rates relate to bird population sustainability Global warming and overall pollution levels threaten species extinction

FinancialChallenges… : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 51 FinancialChallenges… It’s all about risk and return… Who’s going to pay? Who ‘owns’ renewable energy resources? Legislation needs development It’s all about “Structured De-centralization”

Thank You : 

Monday, March 09, 2009 52 Photography by Raffi Kudlac - Age 9. Thank You

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