Energy Conservation

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Session 4 1 Energy Conservation Workshop Supported by: Peter Gagnon R.P.F. - Simply Superior Services

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2 Session 4 Energy Conservation Outline Introduction and Background The Energy Efficient Home Energy Audits and Calculators Approaches to Saving Energy New Technologies Incentives Conclusion

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Energy Conservation Definition: Energy conservation is efficiently reducing the amount of power required to carry out operations. It is achieved by decreasing outputs that maintain the same effect, or by reducing consumption. Energy conservation can improve financial capital, environmental value, national security, personal security, and human comfort. Today, direct consumers of energy are motivated to conserve energy in order to reduce costs and promote economic well-being. Industry and the private sector are focused on increasing energy efficiencies to maximize profits. 3 Session 4

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Session 4 4 Energy Conservation Conservation Use less! Improve Efficiency Technology “Do more with less”! Renewable Energy Invest in the future Sustainable Energy is a “A three-legged stool”

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Session 4 5 Annual Household Consumption Texas 14,000 kw hour/year Ontario 10,000 kw hour/year California 6,500 kw hour/year Netherlands 3,000 kw hour/year Energy Conservation “We’re the Energy Hogs of the World !”

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Session 4 6 Energy Conservation Current Average Energy Use in Homes

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Session 4 7 Energy Conservation Typical Annual Heating Costs

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Session 4 8 Energy Conservation Appliances Energy Use

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Session 4 9 The Energy Efficient Home Energy Conservation

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Session 4 10 Energy Conservation Payback Periods For Bathroom Toilets

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Session 4 11 Energy Conservation What are the Costs? Bad reputation from earlier models with low satisfaction rate May require additional bathroom renovations, such as tile replacement or refinishing What are the Benefits? Consume roughly 50% of water used by older models Comparable in look and size and do not require design changes to an existing bathroom Priced competitively with conventional models Wide range of styles and colours High Efficiency & Dual Flush Toilets

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Session 4 12 Energy Conservation Payback Periods For Thermostats

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Session 4 13 Energy Conservation What are the Costs? Some may find the set up complicated Require battery backup which could fail in the case of a power outage Installation may require an HVAC Specialist What are the Benefits? Automatically adjust temperature settings according to preset schedule Affordable with a short payback period Incentives available Save money & energy without changing your lifestyle! Programmable Thermostats You’ll never forget to turn down the temperature at night or have to turn it back up in the morning!

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Session 4 14 Energy Conservation Payback Periods For Light Bulbs

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Session 4 15 Energy Conservation What are the Costs? Higher initial costs New features or requirements may take some time for users to get accustomed to What are the Benefits? Save energy and money on utility bills, reduce air pollution without sacrificing features, versatility or style. Strict standards established for increased efficiency Immediate energy savings, especially for appliances that operate constantly such as refrigerators and freezers Rebate program offered by the City of Toronto Save hundreds of dollars over the lifetime of the appliance! High Energy Star Appliances Visit www.powerwise.ca and www.electricitychoices.org for more information

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Session 4 16 Energy Conservation Payback Periods For Water Heaters

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Session 4 17 Energy Conservation What are the Costs? More expensive than conventional heaters May require upgrading of interior wiring If sized improperly, may not provide sufficient hot water when demand is high What are the Benefits? Small and compact Only come on when hot water is needed Recommended lifetime of 20-30 years, compared to 10 for conventional heaters Constant flow of hot water No bacterial growth Efficient over lifetime of product Tankless Water Heaters Save up to 15-20% off of your energy bills with a tankless water heater!

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Session 4 18 What are the Costs? Some Energy Star models cost more than conventional fans What are the Benefits? Pulls warm air up in the summer and helps to circulate cool air Pushes warm air down in the winter to distribute it more evenly Low operating costs - $0.15 per day vs. $2-$3 for an air conditioner Energy Star Fans Energy Conservation Fans can cut the need for your air conditioner by 50% during the summer!

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Session 4 19 Improving a homes air tightness can reduce consumption by 15-40% Front loading washers use 50% less electricity and up to 50% less water Programmable thermostat – 2 for 1 Microwave ovens use up to 75% less Laptop computers use 90% less Buying Energy Star appliances can save 25%+ Consider installing tankless water heater Install energy efficient windows and doors Energy Conservation Quick Tips to Save Energy in the Home

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Session 4 20 Energy Conservation Save energy with these simple, practical tips Many of these suggestions don’t require tools or out-of-pocket expense Watch over time to see your energy efficiency increase and your savings grow Go to the Ontario Power Authority (OPA) website for a complete list and interactive forum for all appliances and heating and cooling devices:http://www.everykilowattcounts.com/tools-and-tips/ Electricity Efficiency Tips

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Session 4 21 Energy Conservation Every Kilowatt Counts - Residential Programs Toronto Energy Services – Solutions Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure – Conservation NRCan - Office of Energy Efficiency Link to more facts on saving energy

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Session 4 22 Energy Conservation The typical house can cause twice the greenhouse gas emissions of the typical car Buildings use 12% of the total water consumed, contribute 30% of our greenhouse gases contribute 65% of the waste output and consume 70% of the total electricity consumed by Canadians Green Buildings

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Session 4 23 Energy Conservation R-2000 Leadership in Engineering and Environmental Design (LEED) Energy Star Green Build What’s Being Done? Home Institutional Commercial

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A building standard based mainly on energy targets Superior construction methods including lots of insulation, high quality windows and doors, elimination of leaks and drafts Take advantage of passive solar and high efficiency heat, cooling and air exchange Session 4 24 Energy Conservation R-2000 Welcome to R-2000

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Session 4 25 Energy Conservation Point System Four Levels of Certification Certified Silver Gold Platinum LEED Canadian Green Building Council – Leed Canada

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Session 4 26 Energy Conservation Six Categories Sustainable Sites Water Efficiency Energy and Atmosphere Materials and Resources Indoor Environmental Quality Innovation LEED Canadian Green Building Council – Leed Canada

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Session 4 27 Energy Conservation The ENERGY STAR for New Homes initiative promotes energy efficiency guidelines that enable new homes to be approximately 30 percent more energy efficient than those built to minimum provincial building codes.This initiative is currently available in Ontario and Saskatchewan and is managed for Natural Resources Canada by regional service organizations. ENERGY STAR ® for New Homes ENERGY STAR Canada

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Session 4 28 Energy Conservation Energy-efficient construction techniques and products Improved indoor environments Water-efficient products and processes Renewable Energy options Waste reduction and recycling during construction Smart growth and sustainable land development practices ENERGY STAR ® ENERGY STAR Canada

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Session 4 29 Energy Conservation Operational Systems Building Materials Outside and Inside finishes Indoor Air Quality Waste Management Ventilation Water Conservation Business practices Build Green Four Levels and Eight Categories Canadian Green Building Council

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Session 4 30 Energy Audits and Calculators Energy Conservation

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Session 4 31 Energy Conservation Energy Audits Ontario Home Energy Savings Program Home Energy audit shows where your home leaks and identifies improvements that can be made to heating, cooling, hot water and other energy uses in the home The Government of Ontario will pay 50% of your Home Energy Audit, up to $150 The audit will explain your home's energy use — attic to basement. A typical audit involves the following steps: A walk-through assessment of your home’s insulation, heating and cooling systems and other energy uses A “blower door” depressurization test to identify leaks and drafts A personalized Energy Efficiency Evaluation Report Ontario Home Energy Savings

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Session 4 32 Energy Conservation Energy Audits Ontario Home Energy Savings Program

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Session 4 33 Energy Conservation Energy Audits Ontario Home Energy Savings Program

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Session 4 34 Energy Conservation Energy Audits Ontario Home Energy Savings Program

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Session 4 35 Energy Conservation Energy Audits Ontario Home Energy Savings Program

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Session 4 36 Energy Conservation Energy Audits Ontario Home Energy Savings Program

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Session 4 37 Energy Conservation Energy Audits Ontario Home Energy Savings Program

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Session 4 38 Energy Conservation NEXT STEPS Many of the energy saving upgrades identified by your Home Energy Audit will qualify for rebates under the Home Energy Retrofit Program These rebates from the Federal and Provincial governments can reimburse you up to $10,000 when improvements identified by your audit are completed To qualify for rebates, complete a Home Energy Audit with a certified energy advisor After the audit, you have 18 months to make some or all of the upgrades your energy advisor recommends After completing the work, complete a post-retrofit audit. You will receive rebates for the amounts allowed for each eligible upgrade, up to $10,000 even if you do the work yourself Energy Audits Ontario Home Energy Savings Program ecoENERGY Retrofit Grants and Incentives

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Session 4 39 Energy Conservation Energy Calculators Wattage # x Hours used ÷ 1,000 = kWh (kilowatt hours) kWh x $0.1027 = Total kWh Charge (price for electricity varies by location) A variety of calculators are available to measure a range of energy uses, alternatives and different applications. For appliances check: Tips & Tools - Interactive Energy Cost Calculator Hydro One Appliance Calculator

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Session 4 40 Energy Conservation For Home Heating check: Software for Environmental Awareness (SEAHOME) For a Home Energy evaluation/audit check: Manitoba Hydro Home Energy Calculator Hydro Ottawa Home Energy Calculator Hydro One Home PowerSaver For a comprehensive home energy audit check: Energy Calculators and Software: Homes For a variety of other applications check: Every Kilowatt Counts Energy Calculators

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Session 4 41 Approaches to Saving Energy Energy Conservation

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Session 4 42 Energy Conservation Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Part of an effective conservation program Energy Audit Identify your “best bets” Energy Calculator Identify those areas that use the most energy Remember home heating accounts for 60%+ of your energy consumption with hot water next! Make a plan, set some goals Involve the whole family Energy Saving Approaches

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Session 4 43 Energy Conservation Get Everyone Involved Increase everyone's understanding of the benefits of energy efficiency Make the link between actions and behaviour by individuals and potential savings Motivate users to modify behaviour Share the goal of reducing energy consumption and saving money

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Session 4 44 Energy Conservation New Technologies

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Session 4 45 Energy Conservation No “silver bullet” yet Green Building – Most of this “new technology” is expected to be in the new Ontario Building Code planned for 2012 – but you can access and use it now! Energy Star – government-backed symbol for energy efficiency – meets federally regulated minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) Innovative Technology

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Session 4 46 Energy Conservation Smart Meters Will replace existing meters and record and report your electricity usage by hour Will enable you to better manage your electricity consumption and take advantage of “time of use” pricing Will be in place in every home and business by 2010 Innovative Technology

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Session 4 47 Energy Conservation Smart Meters You’ll be able to take action to shift your use to lower priced times Real hourly data about your electricity use will be available over the internet You’ll get more information to better reflect your usage pattern on your bill Research in Europe and Ontario has shown real reductions of 5%-15% Innovative Technology

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Session 4 48 Energy Conservation Combined Heat and Power (CHP) – Cogeneration Renewable Energy Incentives Remote Smart Metering for all appliances By changing just one incandescent light bulb to a compact fluorescent, the NE region of Ontario could save over $1,000,000 in electricity! Innovative Technology

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Session 4 49 Incentives Energy Conservation

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Session 4 50 Energy Conservation Gov’t. of Ontario pays 50% up to $150 Upgrades Identified are eligible for up to $10,000 in federal and provincial grants Examples Include: Energy Star Gas Furnace - $1,000 Ground Water Source Heat Pump - $7000 5 Baseboard Program. Thermostats - $60 Upgrade Wood Burning Stove - $600 Instantaneous Gas Hot Water - $600 Attic Insulation. Bring up to R-40 - $800 Basement Insulation 20%-100% - $200-$1,000 Home Energy Audit Program Incentives

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Session 4 51 Energy Conservation The Great Refrigerator Round-up $25 rebate when a program registered contractor installs a programmable thermostat   $125 rebate when you have an existing furnace replaced with the purchase and installation of a mid or high-efficiency furnace with an Electronically Commutated Motor (ECM) Ontario Power Authority Sponsored Incentives

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Session 4 52 Energy Conservation Ontario Power Authority Sponsored Incentives $250 rebate when you have an existing central air conditioner (CAC) replaced with the purchase and installation of an ENERGY STAR qualified CAC system, heat pump or ductless split system (NOTE: ENERGY STAR qualified criteria = minimum 14 SEER and 11.5 EER) $400 rebate when you have an existing CAC replaced with the purchase and installation of a stand-alone CEE "Tier 2" level central air conditioning system or heat pump Peaksaver - $25 if you let you local LCD “cycle down” your AC

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Session 4 53 2009 Combined Government Energy Rebates and Subsidies Assumptions – 1200 Sq. Ft. Home Built 1960’s or 70’s Windows: Double-glazed or single glazed with storms Original exterior doors hollow core wood panels Foundation: uninsulated poured concrete or concrete block Exterior Walls 2 x 4 in. stud walls with RSI 2.1 (R-12) batt insulation Oil or electric forced air heat (or low efficiency gas) Ceiling Insulation RSI 3.3 (R-19) Electric 40 gallon hot water heater

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Session 4 54 Proposed Work to be Done Have Energy Audit Performed - $300 Bring Basement from R-0 to R-23 - $1500 Seal Basement header and bring insulation value to RSI 3.5 (R-20) - $50 Install an ENERGY STAR ™ qualified gas furnace - $3500 Replace your domestic hot water heater with an instantaneous gas water heater - $1000 Insulate your attic to achieve a total minimum insulation value RSI 8.8 (R-50) - $1200 Increase air sealing value by 20% - $100 Replace six windows and two doors with ENERGY STAR Qualified models - $3700 Install 2 - 6 lpf toilets - $250 Total Cost - $11,600

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Session 4 55 Making the Most of Your Conservation Investment The Life Time Formula Federal & Provincial “CanSpec” Rebates on insulation + joint seals = $600 + $2000 + $200 + $300 = $3100 Federal and Provincial Rebates on Furnace and Hot Water Heater - $1000 + $500 = $1500 Federal and Provincial Rebates on Windows and Doors - $480 Federal and Provincial Rebates on toilets - $200 Federal Government Home Renovation Tax Credit - $1350 Combined reduced home heat loss and energy savings - 30% annually = $1000...for life!! Total $7630 on investment of $11,600 Estimated Total Payback Period < 5 Years! (And that doesn’t include the increased comfort you’re going to experience!)

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Session 4 56 Energy Conservation Conclusion

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Session 4 57 Energy Conservation Top Ideas To Conserve Energy Install Programmable Thermostats and turn the heat down (Remember each degree can save 2-3% on heating costs) Wrap your electric water heater in an approved blanket and drain sediment annually Turn off lights and appliances when not in use Install ceiling fans in all possible locations Use toaster oven or microwave for small to medium sized meals Defrost freezers and fridges and get rid of the old ones Switch your energy use to non peak times Buy Energy Star appliances wherever possible Plant a tree – deciduous on the south conifer on the north Talk about it with family and friends! Change furnace filters monthly Have an Energy Audit Performed!

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Session 4 58 Energy Conservation “The kind of thinking that has got us into this situation is not the kind of thinking that will get us out” Albert Einstein A Final Word

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