logging in or signing up Who Rules? aquaskaya Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 729 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: May 28, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Who Rules?: Who Rules? Forms of GovernmentForms of Government: Forms of Government When people decide to form the social contracts that we call governments, they make many different decisions about how their government will look. President or King? Rule by few or rule by all? Hold elections? Where do the rulers get their power?Democracy : Democracy Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens , either directly or through their elected representatives. There are two kinds of Democracies … Direct! Representative!Direct Democracy: Direct Democracy All citizens participate in government. All citizens can create public policy if they want to. Example: In ancient Athens, Greece, they held assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws. There are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything!Representative Democracy: Representative Democracy Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government People elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens Representatives answer to the people through regular elections Representatives are also usually held accountable by a constitutionPowerPoint Presentation: Fill in the blanks to review DEMOCRACY !PowerPoint Presentation: The two forms of democracy are __________ and ___________________. direct representativePowerPoint Presentation: In a democracy, all __________ participate in government. citizensPowerPoint Presentation: All citizens vote on everything in a ______________________. direct democracyPowerPoint Presentation: In a direct democracy, there are no ________________ in the government. representativesPowerPoint Presentation: In a representative democracy, the representatives answer to the people through ______________________. regular electionsPowerPoint Presentation: Now that we’ve talked about DIRECT DEMOCRACY! And REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY! we can move on to forms of government where only one person is in control…Autocracy: Autocracy A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc. We’re going to talk about two kinds of autocracy … Monarchs! Dictators!Monarchy: Monarchy Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS! Leaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too. Some modern monarchies like Spain and Japan have constitutions.Dictatorship: Dictatorship In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political) Dictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinions North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Il is considered a dictatorWhat else? : What else? We’ve talked about DEMOCRACIES … Democracy is… rule by the people!What else? : What else? … and AUTOCRACIES … Autocracy is… … rule by one!What else? : … but what other forms of government are there? What else? What if, instead of everyone or just one person, a few people got together to rule a nation? Rule by Few!Oligarchy: Oligarchy “Rule by few” Power can be based on several things: Military strength = Military Junta Family power = Aristocracy Religious control = Theocratic Oligarchy Oligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government (like autocracies)Theocracy: Theocracy “Theo” means “god” in Greek… so if a government is THEO- cratic that means it is ruled by… That’s right! A god or higher power! Leaders ( autocratic or oligarchic ) are usually religious leaders and society uses religious law to settle its disputes Example: The Islamic Republic of Iran is a modern theocracy that uses the holy Islamic book, The Qur’an, as its guide.Anarchy: Anarchy No government at all… WAIT ! Then who makes and enforces laws?Anarchy: Anarchy No government at all… In an anarchy there is no government to make or enforce laws. What do you think that would be like?PowerPoint Presentation: Wow! There are so many forms of government! And remember there are also combinations… What is government ruled by GOD and a FEW people called?PowerPoint Presentation: WHEW! We had better review… Time for some “A or B!”Democracy : Democracy A B Rule by everyone Rule by no oneDirect Democracy: Direct Democracy A B Citizens elect people to vote All citizens vote on everythingRepresentative Democracy: Representative Democracy A B Representatives are appointed Representatives are electedAutocracy: Autocracy A B Rule by one Rule by fewMonarchy: Monarchy A B Never have constitutions Power is inheritedDictatorship: Dictatorship A B Always protect freedom of speech Have total controlOligarchy: Oligarchy A B Power is always inherited Come in many formsTheocracy: Theocracy A B Power from a higher being Power taken through forceAnarchy: Anarchy A B Everyone follows the laws Everyone does what they wantPowerPoint Presentation: Now, review your chart along with your teacher!PowerPoint Presentation: Rule by few or one Rule by representatives Rule by none Controlled by citizens Rule by god or higher power Power usually inherited Holds elections Constitutional Government People have a say Democracy Autocracy You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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