ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF AN ENGINEER AS A CONSLTANT : ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF AN ENGINEER AS A CONSLTANT AQEEL-UR-REHMAN
07-MCT-43 OUTLINE OF MY PRESENTATION : AQEEL UR REHMAN 2 OUTLINE OF MY PRESENTATION Introduction
Role of consultant engineer
Why companies hire consultant engineer ?
Categories of responsibilities (brief discussion)
General ethical responsibilities
Golden rule Reasons to be unethical
PEC code of conduct
Summary CONSULTANT ENGINEER : AQEEL UR REHMAN 3 CONSULTANT ENGINEER Consultants engineers are engineers give advice or provide a service in a field of specialized knowledge or training.
They work for themselves but may also be associated with a consulting firm.
The Most consultants carry their own life and health insurance, pay their own taxes, and most have their own tools and equipment. ROLE OF CONSULTANT ENGINEER : AQEEL UR REHMAN 4 ROLE OF CONSULTANT ENGINEER Consultants can play a multi-faceted role.
It has been estimated that approximately 3/4 of all companies call upon consultants
They can function as advisors, fixers, bosses, generalists, stabilizers, listeners, specialists, catalysts and managers.
Consultants can deal directly with owners and upper management. ROLE OF CONSULTANT ENGINEER : AQEEL UR REHMAN 5 ROLE OF CONSULTANT ENGINEER The actual work that consultants perform for one company to another may vary greatly, i.e. tax account to office decoration
Bringing in an expert can save time, effort and money.
Consultants become useful when a company is just starting a business.
The development of the company's new product can be begun by the consultant while a full time permanent technical staff member is being hired. WHY COMPANIES HIRE A CONSULTING ENGINEER ?? : AQEEL UR REHMAN 6 WHY COMPANIES HIRE A CONSULTING ENGINEER ?? Most companies have experienced the problem of needing short-term technical expertise. Perhaps the company's existing staff is already working to capacity
The engineering skills required for a project can be satisfied with a full time employee. When they can not fully justify bringing someone on board full time, their answer is to hire a consultant. By doing so, the businessman solves his immediate problem without permanently increasing his payroll and payroll taxes. Slide 7: AQEEL UR REHMAN 7 Chashma Right Bank Irrigation Project =US $32 million
Ghazi Barotha Hydropower Project=US $35 million
Swabi SCARP=US $ 12 million WHY COMPANIES HIRE A CONSULTING ENGINEER ?? : AQEEL UR REHMAN 8 WHY COMPANIES HIRE A CONSULTING ENGINEER ?? Consultants can be hired when the company may not have anyone on staff capable of solving the specific problem. At such times, a costly learning curve on the part of the engineering staff is associated with the project.
One example is using a consultant as a viable alternative during the development stages of new products. Hiring a consultant with experience in a given area can then cut days, weeks or even months off a project schedule REPONSIBILITIES OF CONSULTANT ENGINEER : AQEEL UR REHMAN 9 REPONSIBILITIES OF CONSULTANT ENGINEER The ethical responsibilities of consulting engineer may fall into five catagories
Safety and client needs
Provisions for resolution of disputes ADVERTISING : AQEEL UR REHMAN 10 ADVERTISING most consulting engineer are directly responsible for :
advertising their services
Advertising executives and personal departments. ADVERTISING : AQEEL UR REHMAN 11 ADVERTISING According to the code of national society of professional engineers:
The use of statements containing a material misrepresentation of fact or emitting a material fact necessary to keep the statement from being misleading.
Statements intended are likely to create an unjustified expectation ADVERTISING : AQEEL UR REHMAN 12 ADVERTISING Statements containing sure prediction of a future success
Statement containing an opinion as to quality of an engineer service
Statements likely to attract client by the use of showmanship, or self laudation including the use of slogans, giggles, or sectional language format.
(NSPE code of ethics sect. 3b) COMPETITIVE BIDDING : AQEEL UR REHMAN 13 COMPETITIVE BIDDING DEFINITION: A process whereby an underwriter submits a sealed bid to the issuer. The issuer awards the contract to the underwriter with the best price and contract terms.
Competitive bidding is most often used by government agencies who are required by law to periodically open all contracts to bid and must award business to the lowest bidder. COMPETITIVE BIDDING : AQEEL UR REHMAN 14 COMPETITIVE BIDDING It is considered permissible for industrial and construction firms to use engineer as competitive bidder because they can:
Formulate cost estimates with some accuracy based on fixed design specification.
Develop creative design for solving novel problems
Often there is no way to make a precise bid CONTINGENCY FEES : AQEEL UR REHMAN 15 CONTINGENCY FEES DEFINITION: A fee as for an consulting services, that may be payable only in the event of a successful or satisfactory outcome.
Consulting engineers essentially make their own arrangements about the payment for their work .
Naturally this calls for exercising a sense of honesty and fairness CONTINGENCY FEES : AQEEL UR REHMAN 16 CONTINGENCY FEES According to national society of professional engineer
“an engineer shall not request ,purpose ,or accept a professional commission on a contingent basis under circumstances in which his professional judgment may be compromised all when are contingency provision is used as a device for promoting or securing a professional commission.” SAFETY AND CLIENT NEEDS : AQEEL UR REHMAN 17 SAFETY AND CLIENT NEEDS A member shall have utmost regard for the safety, health and welfare of the public in the performance of his professional duties and for that purpose
Safety and client needs are very important for consultant engineer SAFETY AND CLIENT NEEDS : AQEEL UR REHMAN 18 SAFETY AND CLIENT NEEDS A consultant engineer seek opportunities to be of service in civic affairs and work for the advancement of the safety, health and well-being of the community
A consultant engineer should point out the consequences to his client or the employer if his engineering judgment is over-ruled by any non-technical person. ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONSULTANT ENGINEER : AQEEL UR REHMAN 19 ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONSULTANT ENGINEER Broadly the ethical responsibilities can be divided into four categories :
Intellectual property rights
Computer misuse RESPONSIBILITIES : AQEEL UR REHMAN 20 RESPONSIBILITIES Confidentiality:
Engineers should normally respect the confidentiality of their employers or clients irrespective of whether or not a formal confidentiality agreement has been signed.
Engineers should not misrepresent their level of competence. They should not knowingly accept work which is out with their competence RESPONSIBILITIES : AQEEL UR REHMAN 21 RESPONSIBILITIES Intellectual property rights:
Engineers should be aware of local laws governing these of intellectual property such as copyright etc. They should be careful to ensure that the intellectual property of employers and clients is protected
engineers should not use their technical skills to misuse other people’s computers. Computer misuse ranges from relatively trivial (game playing on an employer’s machine, say) to extremely serious (dissemination of viruses). ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONSULTANT ENGINEER : AQEEL UR REHMAN 22 ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONSULTANT ENGINEER Never accept an assignment for which he is not fully qualified or has ample time to complete
Brochures and resumes should not overstate competence of firm or individuals
Do not accept any material gifts in any form from any client or service provider ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONSULTANT ENGINEER : AQEEL UR REHMAN 23 ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONSULTANT ENGINEER Consultants should not accept payment from two clients for duplication of the same project with out express consent of the parties.
Consultants should not recruit employees from a client without consent of the client
Consultant should fully disclose all assumption and keep the evaluation as transparent as possible ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONSULTANT ENGINEER : AQEEL UR REHMAN 24 ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONSULTANT ENGINEER Maintain clear, complete work notes and maps in legible and accessible forms.
Agree in advance with clients about their access to copies of maps and other consultant work product materials.
Consult with client frequently about preliminary study results so that client may be able to timely alter or possibly cancel assignment THE GOLDEN RULE : AQEEL UR REHMAN 25 THE GOLDEN RULE The rule governs all level of ethical behavior and cuts across all cultures. The Golden Rule is repeated in the ancient writings of most religions also: “Treat others as you would
expect to be treated” REASONS TO MAKE UNETHICAL DECISIONS : AQEEL UR REHMAN 26 REASONS TO MAKE UNETHICAL DECISIONS We do what’s most convenient.
(easy thing vs the right thing)
We do what we must to win.
(ethics limits our options)
We rationalize our choices with relativism.
(situation ethics) RESPONSIBILITIES OF CONSULTANT ENGINEER : AQEEL UR REHMAN 27 RESPONSIBILITIES OF CONSULTANT ENGINEER ACCORDING TO PEC CODE OF CONDUCT
A member (consultant engineer) engaged in private practice shall not review the work of another engineer for the same client, except with knowledge of such engineer or, unless the connection of such engineer with work has been terminated. (article 13(b)) THEORY OF PLUS : AQEEL UR REHMAN 28 THEORY OF PLUS