Journal of Lasers, Optics & Photonics

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Barium oxide (BaO) and zinc sulfide (ZnS) are well known for their applications in electrical, optical and chemical industries. The present study was aimed to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on the structural and physical properties of BaO and ZnS powder. The study was carried out in two groups, one was set to control, and another group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated samples of BaO and ZnS were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and surface area analyzer. XRD data showed that lattice parameter and unit cell volume of BaO powder were reduced upto 0.42% and 1.26%, respectively as compared to control.

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Volume 2 • Issue 2 • 1000122 J Laser Opt Photonics ISSN: JLOP an open access journal Open Access Research Article Journal of Lasers Optics Photonics Trivedi et al. J Laser Opt Photonics 2015 2:2 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/jlop.1000122 Influence of Biofield Treatment on Physical and Structural Characteristics of Barium Oxide and Zinc Sulfide Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 1 Rama Mohan Tallapragada 1 Alice Branton 1 Dahryn Trivedi 1 Omprakash Latiyal 2 and Snehasis Jana 2 1 Trivedi Global Inc. 10624 S Eastern Avenue Suite A-969 Henderson NV 89052 USA 2 Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd. Hall-A Chinar Mega Mall Chinar Fortune City Hoshangabad Rd. Bhopal- 462026 Madhya Pradesh India Corresponding author: Snehasis J Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd. Hall-A Chinar Mega Mall Chinar Fortune City Hoshangabad Rd. Bhopal-462026 Madhya Pradesh India Tel: +91-755-6660006 E-mail: publicationtrivedisrl.com Received July 15 2015 Accepted August 10 2015 Published August 12 2015 Citation: Trivedi MK Tallapragada RM Branton A Trivedi D Latiyal O et al. 2015 Infuence of Biofeld Treatment on Physical and Structural Characteristics of Barium Oxide and Zinc Sulfde. J Laser Opt Photonics 2: 122. doi:10.4172/ jlop.1000122 Copyright: © 2015 Trivedi MK et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are credited. Keywords: Biofeld treatment Barium oxide Zinc sulfde Particle size Surface area Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy Introduction Metal oxides and sulfdes are considered as one of interesting class of ceramics due to their versatile applications 1-5. Zinc sulfde ZnS and barium oxide BaO gain attention among the researchers due to their unique optical and electrical properties and wide applications in electrical industries. ZnS exist as zinc blend structure wurtzite crystal structure whereas BaO exists as rock salt type. Recently researchers had developed the self-cleaning techniques using barium oxide in which coal gas provides the power directly to solid oxide fuel cells 6. Tis is a cleaner and efcient way to generate electricity from coal reserves. Further the BaO is hygroscopic in nature which enables it to use for chemical reactions on anode surface 1. ZnS possess a particular place due to its application as wide band gap semiconductors blue light emitting diodes LEDs and electroluminescent devices 7-9. It also become promising material for various other felds such as solar cell phosphor etc. Currently there are several methods of producing the metal oxides and sulfdes powder such as sol gel chemical bath deposition technique pulsed-laser deposition vacuum arc deposition and chemical vapor deposition 10-14. Furthermore it is well known that electrical magnetic and optical properties of ceramics are directly related to its density crystal structure crystallite size and physical parameters 15-17. Afer considering the applications and properties of BaO and ZnS authors wanted to investigate an alternative and economically viable approach that could be benefcial to modify the physical and structural properties of these powders. Research converging from many felds of investigation indicates that the human body is a complex energy system. It has been demonstrated that short lived electrical events or action potential exist in several type of mammalian cells such as neurons muscle cells and endocrine cells 18. For instance the cells present in central nervous system of human body communicate with another by means of electrical signals that travel along the nerve processes. Tus human has ability to harness the energy from environment or universe and can transmit into any living or nonliving object around the Globe. Te objects always receive the energy and responds in a useful way that is called biofeld energy and this process is termed as biofeld treatment. Mr. Trivedi’s unique biofeld treatment is known as Te Trivedi Efect ® . Mr. Trivedi’s biofeld treatment has signifcantly transform the characteristics of various living and non-living things using his biofeld treatment. Biofeld treatment has substantially altered the atomic crystalline physical properties in various metals and ceramics 19-24. In addition biofeld treatment has also transform the molecular and cellular characteristics microbiology 25-27 biotechnology 2829 and agriculture 30-32. In metals and ceramics the biofeld treatment has shown the excellent results at physical thermal and atomic level. In addition the biofeld treatment had increased the particle size by six fold and enhanced the crystallite size by two fold in zinc powder 19. Based on the outstanding results achieved by biofeld treatment on diferent materials and considering the industrial signifcance of BaO and ZnS the present study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of biofeld treatment on physical and structural properties of BaO and ZnS. Experiment Te BaO and ZnS powders used in present experiment were Abstract Barium oxide BaO and zinc sulfde ZnS are well known for their applications in electrical optical and chemical industries. The present study was aimed to evaluate the impact of biofeld treatment on the structural and physical properties of BaO and ZnS powder. The study was carried out in two groups one was set to control and another group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofeld treatment. Control and treated samples of BaO and ZnS were analyzed using X-ray diffraction XRD Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy FT-IR and surface area analyzer. XRD data showed that lattice parameter and unit cell volume of BaO powder were reduced upto 0.42 and 1.26 respectively as compared to control. Whereas density of treated BaO was increased upto 1.27 as compared to control. Besides the unit cell volume was changed in treated ZnS from -0.55 to 0.24 as compared to control that led to change in density from -0.24 to 0.55 after biofeld treatment. However the crystallite size was substantially increased upto 40.5 and 71.4 in treated BaO and ZnS respectively as compared to control. FT-IR data exhibited that absorption peaks at wavenumber 862/cm control was shifted to 858/cm in treated BaO. Upward shifting of absorption peaks corresponding to Zn-S stretching bond was observed in treated 617/cm as compared to control 592/cm. Furthermore surface area result showed that it was reduced by 4.32 and 2.1 in treated BaO and ZnS powder respectively as compared to control. Hence these fndings suggest that biofeld treatment has altered the structural and physical properties of BaO and ZnS powders.

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Citation: Trivedi MK Tallapragada RM Branton A Trivedi D Latiyal O et al. 2015 Infuence of Biofeld Treatment on Physical and Structural Characteristics of Barium Oxide and Zinc Sulfde. J Laser Opt Photonics 2: 122. doi: 10.4172/jlop.1000122 Page 2 of 7 Volume 2 • Issue 2 • 1000122 J Laser Opt Photonics ISSN: JLOP an open access journal obtained from Sigma-Aldrich. Each powder samples were divided into two groups referred as control and treatment. Control group was remained as untreated and treatment group received Mr. Trivedi’s biofeld treatment. Biofeld treatment Te treatment group was handed over in sealed pack to Mr. Trivedi for biofeld treatment under standard laboratory condition. Mr. Trivedi provided this treatment through his energy transmission process to the treatment group without touching the samples. Afer that both control and treated samples were characterized by using X-ray difraction XRD Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy FTIR and Surface area analyzer. X-ray difraction study XRD analysis of control and treated samples were performed using Phillips Holland PW 1710 XRD difractometer which had a copper anode with nickel flter. Te wavelength of X-ray radiation used 1⋅54056 Å. Data obtained from the XRD was in chart form of intensity vs.2θ° with a detailed Table 1 containing d value Å number of peaks peak width 2θ° peak count relative intensity of peaks etc. Further lattice parameter and unit cell volume were computed using PowderX sofware. Weight of the unit cell was calculated as atomic weight multiplied by the number of atoms present in a unit cell. Density of the unit cell was computed as follows: DensityWeight of unit Cell Volume of Unit Cell Crystallite size G was calculated as follow: Crystallite size Gk λ/b Cosθ. Where λ is the wavelength of X-ray 1⋅54056 Å and k is the equipment constant 0.94. Besides the percent change in the lattice parameter was calculated using following equation: A Treated -A control Change in lattice parameter__________________ × 100 A control Where A Control and A Treated are the lattice parameter of control and treated sample respectively. Similarly the percent change in all other parameters such as unit cell volume density and crystallite size were calculated. FT-IR analysis FT-IR analysis of BaO and ZnS samples were performed on Shimadzu Japan FT-IR Spectrometer with frequency range of 400-4000/cm. Surface area analysis Te surface area was measured by the Surface area analyzer Smart SORB 90 based on Brunauer–Emmett–Teller  BET which had a detection range of 0⋅2-1000 m 2 /g. Percent change in surface area was calculated using following equations: S Treated -S control Change in surface area __________________ × 100 S control Where S Control and S Treated are the surface area of control and treated samples respectively. Results and Discussion X-ray difraction study XRD patterns of control and treated BaO samples are presented in Figures 1a-1e. Te XRD pattern exhibited peaks at 2θ13.90° 18.88° 22.83° 25.58° 26.82° 29.82° 30.83° 34.58° in control 19.06° 22.09° 24.76° 26.16° 26.53° 26.78°27.97° and 32.4° in T1 19.07° 22.10° 24.78° 26.14°26.73° 27.98° and 32.42° in T2 19.05° 22.06° 24.67° 26.08°26.70° 27.91° and 32.35° in T3 19.09° 22.09° 24.70° 26.12° 26.77° 27.91° and 32.35° in T4. Further XRD patterns of control and treated ZnS samples are presented in Figures 2a-2e. Control sample showed XRD peaks at 2θ28.62° 33.14° 47.58° and 56.42°. Whereas treated sample showed peaks at 2θ28.61° 33.18° 47.5° and 56.50° in Figure 1a: XRD pattern of control BaO sample. Figure 1b: XRD pattern of biofeld treated BaO sample T1. Group Sample Control T1 T2 T3 T4 Lattice Parameter Å BaO 5.545 5.521 5.521 5.522 5.527 ZnS 5.403 5.403 5.407 5.403 5.393 Unit Cell Volume ×10 -22 cm 3 BaO 1.7040 1.6830 1.6830 1.6830 1.6880 ZnS 1.5770 1.5770 1.5800 1.5770 1.5680 Density g/cc BaO 5.855 5.930 5.929 5.927 5.912 ZnS 4.120 4.120 4.110 4.119 4.143 Crystallite Size nm BaO 66.5 35.9 93.4 93.4 93.4 ZnS 35.6 61.0 42.7 61.0 47.4 Table 1: X-ray diffraction analysis of BaO and ZnS powder.

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Citation: Trivedi MK Tallapragada RM Branton A Trivedi D Latiyal O et al. 2015 Infuence of Biofeld Treatment on Physical and Structural Characteristics of Barium Oxide and Zinc Sulfde. J Laser Opt Photonics 2: 122. doi: 10.4172/jlop.1000122 Page 3 of 7 Volume 2 • Issue 2 • 1000122 J Laser Opt Photonics ISSN: JLOP an open access journal T1 28.62° 33.12° 47.59° and 56.37° in T2 28.58° 33.1° 47.58° and 56.41° in T3 28.74° 33.25° 47.77° and 56.50° in T4. Furthermore the various parameters of unit cell of BaO and ZnS were computed using PowderX sofware using above XRD peaks which are presented in Table 1. Moreover the percent change in lattice parameter unit cell volume density and crystallite size as compared to control are illustrated in Figures 3-6. Data exhibited that the lattice parameter in treated BaO was signifcantly reduced by 0.42 0.42 0.41 and 0.32 in T1 T2 T3 and T4 respectively as compared to control Figure 3. Tis reduction of lattice parameter led to decrease the unit cell volume of treated BaO by 1.26 1.26 1.22 and 0.98 in T1 T2 T3 and T4 respectively as compared to control Figure 4. Furthermore this reduction in unit cell volume resulted into increase in density by 1.27 1.27 1.23 and 0.98 in T1 T2 T3 and T4 respectively as compared to control Figure 5. It is well known fact that the density is inversely proportional to volume of a substance for a given mass. Te reduction in volume of unit cell and increase in density suggest that BaO lattice was contracted afer biofeld treatment. It is previously reported that internal strain in ceramics can be produced through high temperature Figure 1d: XRD pattern of biofeld treated BaO sample T3. Figure 1e: XRD pattern of biofeld treated BaO sample T4. Figure 2a: XRD pattern of control ZnS sample. Figure 2b: XRD pattern of biofeld treated ZnS sample T1. Figure 2c: XRD pattern of biofeld treated ZnS sample T2. Figure 1c: XRD pattern of biofeld treated BaO sample T2.

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Citation: Trivedi MK Tallapragada RM Branton A Trivedi D Latiyal O et al. 2015 Infuence of Biofeld Treatment on Physical and Structural Characteristics of Barium Oxide and Zinc Sulfde. J Laser Opt Photonics 2: 122. doi: 10.4172/jlop.1000122 Page 4 of 7 Volume 2 • Issue 2 • 1000122 J Laser Opt Photonics ISSN: JLOP an open access journal doping and milling 3334. In addition it is also reported that some material respond to electric and magnetic feld in form of strain such as piezoelectric material 35. Tus it is hypothesized that biofeld treatment might transfer the energy in form of electromagnetic waves which consist of electric and magnetic feld and that feld may push the positive barium ion and negative oxygen towards each other. Hence the movement of both ions toward each other may lead to reduced lattice parameter. XRD data of ZnS showed that the percent change in lattice parameter was -0.08 and 0.18 in T2 and T4 respectively whereas no change was found in T1 and T3 as compared to control. Percent change in unit cell volume of treated ZnS was 0.24 and -0.55 in T2 and T4 respectively as compared to control. Tis change in unit cell volume led to change the density by -0.24 and 0.552 in T2 and T4 respectively as compared to control. Tese changes in lattice parameter suggest that both kind of stress: compressive and tensile possibly applied through biofeld treatment. In addition result also indicated that the permanent lattice strain probably induced in BaO and ZnS crystals through biofeld treatment. Furthermore data exhibited that crystallite size was change from 66.5 nm control to 35.9 93.4 93.4 and 93.4 nm in treated BaO samples T1 T2 T3 and T4 respectively. Percent change in crystallite size of treated BaO was -46 in T1 and 40.5 in T2 T3 and T4 as compared to control Figure 6. Tis indicates that crystallite size of treated BaO was increased in three out of four sample tested. Nevertheless the crystallite size in treated ZnS was substantially increased from 35.6 nm control to 61 42.7 61 and 47.4 nm in T1 T2 T3 and T4 respectively Table 1 as compared to control. It indicates that crystallite size was increased by 71.4 20 71.4 and 33.4 in T1 T2 T3 and T4 respectively as compared to control Figure 6. Overall data suggest that crystallite size was increased in both BaO and ZnS powder afer biofeld treatment. Similar results of increase in crystallite size in silicon dioxide and antimony had been reported by our group in previous studies 3637. Furthermore it is well known that the crystallite size of ceramics powder increased with increase in Figure 2e: XRD pattern of biofeld treated ZnS sample T4. Figure 3: Percent change in lattice parameter in treated BaO and ZnS as compared to control. Figure 4: Percent change in unit cell volume in treated BaO and ZnS as compared to control. Figure 6: Percent change in crystallite size of treated BaO and ZnS as compared to control. Figure 2d: XRD pattern of biofeld treated ZnS sample T3. Figure 5: Percent change in density of treated BaO and ZnS as compared to control.

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Citation: Trivedi MK Tallapragada RM Branton A Trivedi D Latiyal O et al. 2015 Infuence of Biofeld Treatment on Physical and Structural Characteristics of Barium Oxide and Zinc Sulfde. J Laser Opt Photonics 2: 122. doi: 10.4172/jlop.1000122 Page 5 of 7 Volume 2 • Issue 2 • 1000122 J Laser Opt Photonics ISSN: JLOP an open access journal Figure 7: FT-IR spectrum of BaO. a Control b Treated T1 c Treated T2. Figure 8: FT-IR spectrum of ZnS a Control b Treated T1 c Treated T2. temperature 38. Furthermore it is assumed that internal strains present in treated powder made dislocations to move unhindered that results into reorient the planes on either side of the crystallite boundaries. Further this reorientation of neighboring planes into same planes may lead to increase crystallite size. Moreover it is also reported that alteration in crystallite size in ZnS leads to change the energy band gap 39. Hence it is assumed that band gap in treated ZnS sample may be changed afer biofeld treatment. Moreover based on the above fndings in XRD analysis control T1 and T2 were analyzed using FT-IR. FT-IR analysis FT-IR spectra of control and treated BaO samples are presented in Figure 7. IR spectra showed the peaks at wavenumber 3497 3580 and 3576/cm in control T1 and T2 respectively which could be due to O-H stretching vibrations. Peaks observed at 1683 1683 and 1672/cm in control T1 and T2 respectively can be assigned to O-H bending vibrations. Te emergence of peaks corresponding to O-H stretching and bending could be due to moisture absorption by BaO powder. Furthermore absorption band observed at wavenumber 862/cm control 740-970 cm -1 T1 and 507 661 769 858/cm T2 that could be due to Ba-O bonding vibrations 40. Data suggest that number of peaks and intensity corresponding to BaO vibration were changed in T1 and T2 afer biofeld treatment. Te absorption peaks found at 1398 1425 and 1444/cm in control T1 and T2 respectively could be due to formation of BaCO 3 afer CO 2 absorption by BaO sample from atmosphere 41. Besides IR spectra of ZnS powder is illustrated in Figure 8 in which absorption peaks observed at 592/ cm control 617/cm T1 and 590/cm T2 that were assigned to Zn-S stretching vibrations 4243. It indicates that absorption peaks were changed in treated sample as compared to control which could be due to alteration in Zn-S bond length afer biofeld treatment. Absorption peaks observed in range of 3000-3500/cm in control T1 and T2 could be due to O-H stretching vibrations. Te O-H bending peaks were observed at 1618 1616 and 1608/cm in control T1 and T2 respectively. Te emergence of peaks corresponding to O-H stretching and bending could be due to moisture absorption by ZnS powder. In addition the peaks observed at wavenumber 1114 1116 and 1234/cm in control T1 and T2 respectively are possibly the characteristic peaks for ZnS particles 4445. Recently our group reported that the biofeld treatment has changed the bond length in ceramic nano oxides ZnO Fe 3 O 4 46. Tus based on current data it is assumed that biofeld treatment may alter the bonding properties in BaO and ZnS that possibly resulted into alteration in IR peaks in treated as compared to control. Surface area analysis Surface area analysis in term of percent change of BaO and ZnS powder are shown in Figure 9. Data showed that the surface area was reduced by 4.32 and 2.1 in BaO and ZnS respectively as compared to control Table 2. It is possible that biofeld energy transferred through treatment which might induce energy milling. Due to which BaO and ZnS powder particles might be agglomerated afer biofeld treatment and increased particle size. Further this increase in particle size probably reduced surface area in treated samples as compared to control. Conclusion Overall the biofeld treatment has signifcantly altered the physical Figure 9: Percent change in surface area of treated BaO and ZnS as compared to control. Group Surface area m 2 /g Control Treated BaO 0.48 0.45 ZnS 15.21 14.89 Table 2: Surface area of BaO and ZnS powder.

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Citation: Trivedi MK Tallapragada RM Branton A Trivedi D Latiyal O et al. 2015 Infuence of Biofeld Treatment on Physical and Structural Characteristics of Barium Oxide and Zinc Sulfde. J Laser Opt Photonics 2: 122. doi: 10.4172/jlop.1000122 Page 6 of 7 Volume 2 • Issue 2 • 1000122 J Laser Opt Photonics ISSN: JLOP an open access journal and structural properties of both BaO and ZnS samples. XRD result showed that density of treated BaO and ZnS powder was increased upto 1.27 and 0.55 as compared to control. It could be due to reduction of lattice parameter in unit cell afer biofeld treatment. In addition crystallite size was signifcantly increased by 40.5 and 71.4 in BaO and ZnS respectively as compared to control. FT-IR data showed the shifing of absorption peaks in treated BaO and ZnS corresponding to Ba-O and Zn-S stretching vibrations respectively as compared to control. Tus it is hypothesized that bond length of Zn-S and Ba-O possibly altered afer biofeld treatment. Besides the surface area was reduced by 4.32 and 2.1 in treated BaO and ZnS powder respectively as compared to control. Tus based on the alteration found in density crystallite size surface area and bond length in treated BaO and ZnS it is assumed that biofeld treatment could alter the optoelectronics characteristics in ceramics. Acknowledgement We thank Dr. Cheng Dong of NLSC Institute of Physics and Chinese academy of Sciences for supporting in using PowderX software for analyzing X-ray Diffraction data. Authors also would like to thank Trivedi science Trivedi master wellness and Trivedi testimonials for their support during the work. References 1. Umar EA Hahn YB 2009 Metal oxide nanostructures and their applications. American Scientifc Publishers. 2. Baraton MI 2003 Synthesis functionalization and surface treatment of nanoparticles. American Scientifc Publishers 3. 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Citation: Trivedi MK Tallapragada RM Branton A Trivedi D Latiyal O et al. 2015 Infuence of Biofeld Treatment on Physical and Structural Characteristics of Barium Oxide and Zinc Sulfde. J Laser Opt Photonics 2: 122. doi: 10.4172/jlop.1000122 Page 7 of 7 Volume 2 • Issue 2 • 1000122 J Laser Opt Photonics ISSN: JLOP an open access journal mechanical treatment temperature on electrical properties and crystallite size of PVDF Film. Adv Mater Phys Chem 3: 71-76. 39. Pawar RP 2013 Structural and optical properties of chemically synthesized ZnS nanoparticals. Orient J Chem 29: 1139-1142. 40. Mevada KC Patel VD Patel KR 2012 FT-IR XRD and thermal studies of gel- grown barium tartrate crystals. Arch Phy Res 3: 258-263. 41. Roedel E Urakawa A Kureti S Baiker A 2008 On the local sensitivity of different IR techniques: Ba species relevant in NOx storage-reduction. Phys Chem Chem Phys 10: 6190-6198. 42. Cholan S Shanmugam N Kannadasan N Sathishkumar K Deivam K 20014 Effect of poly ethylene glycol PEG as surfactant on cerium doped ZnS nanoparticles. J Mater Res Technol 3: 222-227. 43. Kumar S Jeon HC Kang TW Singh R Sharma JK et al. 2015 Structural and optical properties of silica capped ZnS:Mn quantum dots. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 26: 3939-3946. 44. Ganguly S Das S Ghosh S Dastidar 2013 Distinct antimicrobial effects of synthesized ZnS nanoparticles against twelve pathogenic bacterial strains. Open Sci Repos Chem e70081948. 45. Wang M Zhang Q Hao W Sun ZX 2011 Surface stoichiometry of zinc sulfde and its effect on the adsorption behaviors of xanthate. Chem Central J 5: 73. 46. Trivedi MK Nayak G Patil S Tallapragada RM Latiyal O 2015 Studies of the atomic and crystalline characteristics of ceramic oxide nano powders after bio feld treatment. Ind Eng Manage 4: 161. OMICS International: Publication Benefits Features Unique features: • Increased global visibility of articles through worldwide distribution and indexing • Showcasing recent research output in a timely and updated manner • Special issues on the current trends of scientifc research Special features: • 700 Open Access Journals • 50000 editorial team • Rapid review process • Quality and quick editorial review and publication processing • Indexing at PubMed partial Scopus EBSCO Index Copernicus and Google Scholar etc • Sharing Option: Social Networking Enabled • Authors Reviewers and Editors rewarded with online Scientifc Credits • Better discount for your subsequent articles Submit your manuscript at: http://www.omicsonline.org/submission Citation: Trivedi MK Tallapragada RM Branton A Trivedi D Latiyal O et al. 2015 Infuence of Biofeld Treatment on Physical and Structural Characteristics of Barium Oxide and Zinc Sulfde. J Laser Opt Photonics 2: 122. doi:10.4172/jlop.1000122

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