Various control acts for water, air, solid waste & noise pollution in

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Various Control Acts for Air, Water, Solid Waste and Noise Pollution in India Group No-1:

Various Control Acts for Air, Water, Solid Waste and Noise Pollution in India Group No-1 Ankit Rana-05 Anuj Kumar-07 Ashish Sharma-09 Anupam Pandey-08 Mayank Bhardwaj-27 1

Contents:

Contents WATER PREVENTATION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION ACT 1974 AIR PREVENTATION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION ACT 1981 E NVIRONMENT(PROTECTION)ACT,1986 NOISE POLLUTION RULES,2000 FEW MORE ACTS CONCLUTION 2

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WATER PREVENTATION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION ACT 1974 :

WATER PREVENTATION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION ACT 1974 POWER OF STATE GOVERNMENT TO RESTRICT THE APPLICATION OF THE ACT TO CERTAIN AREAS. T he State Government, after consultation with, or on the recommendation of, the State Board, is of opinion that the provisions of this Act need not apply to the entire State, it may, by notification in the Official Gazette, restrict the application of this Act to such area or areas as may be declared there in as water pollution, prevention and control area or areas and there upon the provisions of this Act shall apply only to such area or areas. 2. Each water pollution, prevention and control area may be declared either by reference to a map or by reference to the line of any watershed or the boundary of any district or partly by one method and partly by anothe r. 4

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THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981:

THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981 The Central Board for the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution constituted under section 3 of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, shall, without prejudice to the exercise and performance of its powers and functions under this Act, exercise the powers and perform the functions of the Central Board for the Prevention and Control of Air Pollution under this Act. 6

Central Board to exercise the powers and perform functions :

Central Board to exercise the powers and perform functions Carbon Tax Ambient Air tax Effluent Tax Provided that in relation to any place , town etc. the Central Board may delegate all or any of its powers and functions under this section to such person or body of persons as the Central Government may specify. 7

PREVENTION, CONTROL, & ABATEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION :

PREVENTION, CONTROL, & ABATEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Persons carrying on industry operation, etc., not to allow emission or discharge of environmental pollutants in excess of the standards. No person carrying on any industry, operation or process shall discharge or emit or permit to be discharged or emitted any environmental pollutants in excess of such standards as may be prescribed. Persons handling hazardous substances to comply with procedural safeguards No person shall handle or cause to be handled any hazardous substance except in accordance with such procedure and after complying with such safeguards as may be prescribed. 8

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT ,1986 :

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT ,1986 Power of Central Government to take measures to protect and improve environment Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government, shall have the power to take all such measures as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the environment and preventing controlling and abating environmental pollution . (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of subsection (1) such measures may include measures with respect to all or any of the following matters, namely:- 9

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( i ) planning and execution of a nation-wide programme for the prevention & control and abatement of environmental pollution. (ii) laying down standards for the quality of environment in its various aspects; (iii) laying down standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various sources whatsoever:- Provided that different standards for emission or discharge may be laid down under this clause from different sources having regard to the quality or composition of the emission or discharge of environmental pollutants (iv) restriction of areas in which any industries, operations or processes or class of industries, operations or processes shall not be carried out or shall be carried out subject to certain safeguards; 10

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v) laying down procedures and safeguards for the prevention of accidents which may cause environmental pollution and remedial measures for such accidents; (vi) laying down procedures and safeguards for the handling of hazardous substances; (vii) examination of such manufacturing processes, materials and substances as are likely to cause environmental pollution; (viii) carrying out and sponsoring investigations and research relating to problems of environmental pollution; 11

Appointment of officers and their powers and functions :

Appointment of officers and their powers and functions Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section , the Central Government may appoint officers with such designation as it thinks fit for the purposes of this Act and may entrust to them such of the powers and functions under this Act as it may deem fit. (2) The officers appointed under sub-section(3) shall be subject to the general control and direction of the Central Government or, if so directed by that Government, also of the authority or authorities, if any, constituted under sub-section (3) of section 3 or of any other authority or officer. 12

NOISE POLLUTION RULES, 2000:

NOISE POLLUTION RULES, 2000 Ambient air quality standards in respect of noise for different areas/zones:- The State Government shall categorize the areas into industrial, commercial, residential or silence areas/zones for the purpose of implementation of noise standards for different areas. The State Government shall take measures for abatement of noise including noise emanating from vehicular movements and ensure that the existing noise levels do not exceed the ambient air quality standards specified under the rules. All development authorities, local bodies and other concerned authorities while planning developmental activity or carrying out functions relating to town and country planning shall take into consideration all aspects of noise pollution as a parameter of quality. An area comprising not less than 100 meters around hospitals, educational institutions and courts may be declared as silence area/zone for the purpose of these rules. 13

Responsibility as to enforcement of noise pollution control measures :

Responsibility as to enforcement of noise pollution control measures (1)The noise levels in any area/zone shall not exceed the ambient air quality standards in respect of noise. (2)The authority shall be responsible for the enforcement of noise pollution control measures and the due compliance of the ambient air quality standards in respect of noise. 14

Restriction on the use of loud speakers/public address system :

Restriction on the use of loud speakers/public address system A loud speaker or a public address system shall not be used except after obtaining written permission from the authority. (2) A loud speaker or a public address system shall not be used at night (between 10.00 pm to 6.00 am) except in closed premises for communication within e.g. auditoria, conference rooms, community halls and banquet halls. (3) Not withstanding any thing contained in sub-rule(2).   The State Government may subject to such terms and conditions as are necessary to reduce noise pollution permit use of loud speakers or public address systems during night hours (between 10.00 p.m. to 12.00 midnight) on or duing any cultural or religious festive occasion of a limited duration not exceeding fifteen days in all during a calendar year. 15

Consequences of any violation in silence zone/area :

Consequences of any violation in silence zone/area Whoever, in any place covered under the silence zone/area commits any of the following offence, he shall be liable for penalty under the provision of the Act:- ( i )whoever, plays any music or uses any sound amplifiers. (ii)whoever, beats a drum or tom-tom or blows a horn either musical or pressure, or trumpet or beats or sounds any instrument. (iii)whoever, exhibits any mimetic, musical or other performances of a nature to attract crowds. 16

FEW MORE ACTS ARE:

FEW MORE ACTS ARE 17

CONCLUTION:

CONCLUTION Development recognises that social, economic and environmental issues are interconnected, Then always follow the Rules & Acts. There is therefore the need for a cooperative program among all stake holders (government, public and private) in order to advance our understanding of The Industrial Management development. 18

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