Slide 1: DONE BY NAMAN, ANUJ, YASH, BURHAN AND
ANUJ NUTRITION DEFICIENCY
DISEASES Slide 2: NUTRITION Slide 3: There are seven major classes of nutrients: vitamins, carbohydrates , fats , fibre , minerals, proteins and water. BUTTER-
R Slide 4: Most foods contain a mix of
some or all of the nutrient
classes. Some nutrients are
required on a regular basis, while
others are needed less
frequently. Poor health can be
caused by an imbalance of
nutrients, whether an excess or a
deficiency. Slide 5: DEFFICIENCY DISEASES Slide 6: Deficiency
to lack of
nutrients Slide 7: NOW, LETS GO A LITTLE DEEPER Slide 8: VITAMINS Slide 10: CARBOHYDRATES Slide 11: FROM WHERE DO YOU THINK TIMMY HAS GOT THE ENERGY TO PLAY ALL DAY LONG? Slide 12: Carbohydrates are necessary to your health,
because every cell in your body uses them for
energy. In fact, your brain can only use
carbohydrates for energy. Unfortunately, over
consumption of sugar and other highly refined
carbohydrates has been associated with a higher
incidence of diabetes and Cardiovascular disease.
Carbohydrates are high-fibre foods, which improve
your digestion. Some examples of healthy foods containing complex
carbohydrates are: Spinach, bread and Oats.
Simple carbohydrates are more refined, are usually found in foods with fewer nutrients, and tend to be less satisfying and more fattening.
Some examples of foods containing simple carbohydrates are:
Coke®, Pepsi®, Mountain Dew®, etc. Slide 13: PROTEINS Slide 14: Proteins are needed for building the structure in the cells and in the formation of tissues and organs. They are needed for the growth of the body to repair damaged parts such as cuts on the skin and to replace tissues that are constantly being worn
away such as the lining
of the mouth. Slide 15: DIFFERENT TYPES
PROTIENS WHEY PROTEIN : WHEY PROTEIN Whey protein is a quickly digested protein.
During the day there is a great need for
amino acids to begin muscle repair and
Whey protein is excellent for this. Whey is
highly available, and boasts the highest
value of any protein source. CASEIN PROTEIN : CASEIN PROTEIN Casein protein is slower absorbing from the stomach
and small intestine so the blood amino acid levels
don't rise quite as rapidly as the Whey protein.
Casein is extracted from the milk without the use of
chemicals. Casein is the only protein you should be
taking before going to sleep. The reason is because
your body needs to be sustained for six to eight
Hours during your sleep without food. EGG PROTEIN : EGG PROTEIN Egg protein is considered to be one of the best
forms of natural protein. The white of eggs
contains the proteins. Egg Protein is still one of
the highest-quality proteins available. It is
readily digested and absorbed. Egg yolks provide
healthy fats, as well as highly available iron,
riboflavin, folate, vitamins B12, D and E. Slide 19: MINERALS Slide 20: The body needs 20
different minerals to keep
Healthy. Some minerals
such as calcium are
needed in large amounts,
whereas others, such as
zinc, are needed in only
tiny amounts and are also
known as trace elements. Slide 21: FATS Slide 22: Fats are concentrated source of food energy. They are also the source of linoleum acid, an essential nutrient, and the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K. Slide 23: TYPES OF FATS Slide 24: Saturated fats are the only fatty acids that raise blood cholesterol levels. Saturated fats are found in meats and whole dairy products like milk, cheese, cream and ice cream. Butter and margarine in meat and dairy products are all especially high in saturated fat. SATURATED FATS Slide 25: Unsaturated fats are usually liquid at room temperature. They are found in most vegetable products and oils. Eating too much of these types of fat may also make us gain weight. UNSATURATED FATS Slide 26: Cholesterol is an essential fat made by the liver. Many people get additional cholesterol by eating meat and dairy products. CHOLESTROL Slide 27: Sources of Trans fat include:
1)Processed foods for e.g.
A: snacks such as lays and chocolate.
B: baked goods such as muffins, cookies and cakes with hydrogenated oil or partially hydrogenated oil.
2) Stick margarines.
3) Some fast food items such as French fries. TRANS FAT Trans fats are produced when liquid oil is made into a solid fat. This process is called hydrogenation. Trans fats act like saturated fats and can raise your cholesterol level. Slide 28: Why do we need fats? For survival. Slide 29: 1) The body needs to use these vitamins. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble vitamins which means that the fat in foods helps the intestines absorb these vitamins into the body.
2) Brains development: Fats provide the structural components not only of cell membranes in the brain, but also of myelin, the fatty insulating sheath that surrounds each nerve fiber, enabling it to carry messages faster.
3) Healthier skin: The layer of fat just beneath the skin acts as the body's own insulation to help regulate body temperature.
4) Healthy cells: Fats are a vital part of the membrane that surrounds each cell of the body. Without a healthy cell membrane, the rest of the cell couldn't function.
5) Making hormones: Fats are structural components of some of the most important substances in the body, including hormone-like substances that regulate many of the body's functions.
6)Protective cushion for our organs: Many of the vital organs, especially the kidneys, heart, and intestines are cushioned by fat that helps protect them from injury and hold them in place.
7) Pleasure: Besides being a nutritious energy source, fat adds to the appealing taste, texture and appearance of food. Fats carry flavour. Slide 30: FIBER Slide 31: Fibre helps prevent constipation problems. Good sources of fibre are baked beans, kidney beans, high-fibre breakfast cereals, wholemeal bread, fruit and vegetables. Dietary fibre Slide 32: WATER Slide 33: If we don’t have sufficient
water, we will become dehydrated. Dehydration is the deficiency disease.