Nutrition Deficiency Diseases

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DONE BY NAMAN, ANUJ, YASH, BURHAN AND ANUJ NUTRITION DEFICIENCY DISEASES

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NUTRITION

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There are seven major classes of nutrients: vitamins, carbohydrates , fats , fibre , minerals, proteins and water. BUTTER- FATS CARROT- VITAMINS RICE- CARBOHYDRATES RADDISH- FIBER MUSHROOM- MINERALS SALMON- PROTIENS W A T E R

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Most foods contain a mix of some or all of the nutrient classes. Some nutrients are required on a regular basis, while others are needed less frequently. Poor health can be caused by an imbalance of nutrients, whether an excess or a deficiency.

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DEFFICIENCY DISEASES

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Deficiency diseases are diseases which occur due to lack of nutrients

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NOW, LETS GO A LITTLE DEEPER

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VITAMINS

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CARBOHYDRATES

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FROM WHERE DO YOU THINK TIMMY HAS GOT THE ENERGY TO PLAY ALL DAY LONG?

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Carbohydrates are necessary to your health, because every cell in your body uses them for energy. In fact, your brain can only use carbohydrates for energy. Unfortunately, over consumption of sugar and other highly refined carbohydrates has been associated with a higher incidence of diabetes and Cardiovascular disease. Carbohydrates are high-fibre foods, which improve your digestion. Some examples of healthy foods containing complex carbohydrates are: Spinach, bread and Oats.  Simple carbohydrates are more refined, are usually found in foods with fewer nutrients, and tend to be less satisfying and more fattening. Some examples of foods containing simple carbohydrates are: Coke®, Pepsi®, Mountain Dew®, etc.

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PROTEINS

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Proteins are needed for building the structure in the cells and in the formation of tissues and organs. They are needed for the growth of the body to repair damaged parts such as cuts on the skin and to replace tissues that are constantly being worn away such as the lining of the mouth.

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DIFFERENT TYPES OF PROTIENS

WHEY PROTEIN : 

WHEY PROTEIN Whey protein is a quickly digested protein. During the day there is a great need for amino acids to begin muscle repair and Whey protein is excellent for this. Whey is highly available, and boasts the highest value of any protein source.

CASEIN PROTEIN : 

CASEIN PROTEIN Casein protein is slower absorbing from the stomach and small intestine so the blood amino acid levels don't rise quite as rapidly as the Whey protein. Casein is extracted from the milk without the use of chemicals. Casein is the only protein you should be taking before going to sleep. The reason is because your body needs to be sustained for six to eight Hours during your sleep without food.

EGG PROTEIN : 

EGG PROTEIN Egg protein is considered to be one of the best forms of natural protein. The white of eggs contains the proteins. Egg Protein is still one of the highest-quality proteins available. It is readily digested and absorbed. Egg yolks provide healthy fats, as well as highly available iron, riboflavin, folate, vitamins B12, D and E.

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MINERALS

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The body needs 20 different minerals to keep Healthy. Some minerals such as calcium are needed in large amounts, whereas others, such as zinc, are needed in only tiny amounts and are also known as trace elements.

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FATS

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Fats are concentrated source of food energy. They are also the source of linoleum acid, an essential nutrient, and the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K.

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TYPES OF FATS

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Saturated fats are the only fatty acids that raise blood cholesterol levels. Saturated fats are found in meats and whole dairy products like milk, cheese, cream and ice cream. Butter and margarine in meat and dairy products are all especially high in saturated fat. SATURATED FATS

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Unsaturated fats are usually liquid at room temperature. They are found in most vegetable products and oils. Eating too much of these types of fat may also make us gain weight. UNSATURATED FATS

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Cholesterol is an essential fat made by the liver. Many people get additional cholesterol by eating meat and dairy products. CHOLESTROL

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Sources of Trans fat include: 1)Processed foods for e.g. A: snacks such as lays and chocolate. B: baked goods such as muffins, cookies and cakes with hydrogenated oil or partially hydrogenated oil. 2) Stick margarines. 3) Some fast food items such as French fries. TRANS FAT Trans fats are produced when liquid oil is made into a solid fat. This process is called hydrogenation. Trans fats act like saturated fats and can raise your cholesterol level.

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Why do we need fats? For survival.

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1) The body needs to use these vitamins. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble vitamins which means that the fat in foods helps the intestines absorb these vitamins into the body. 2) Brains development: Fats provide the structural components not only of cell membranes in the brain, but also of myelin, the fatty insulating sheath that surrounds each nerve fiber, enabling it to carry messages faster. 3) Healthier skin: The layer of fat just beneath the skin acts as the body's own insulation to help regulate body temperature. 4) Healthy cells: Fats are a vital part of the membrane that surrounds each cell of the body. Without a healthy cell membrane, the rest of the cell couldn't function. 5) Making hormones: Fats are structural components of some of the most important substances in the body, including hormone-like substances that regulate many of the body's functions. 6)Protective cushion for our organs: Many of the vital organs, especially the kidneys, heart, and intestines are cushioned by fat that helps protect them from injury and hold them in place. 7) Pleasure: Besides being a nutritious energy source, fat adds to the appealing taste, texture and appearance of food. Fats carry flavour.

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FIBER

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Fibre helps prevent constipation problems. Good sources of fibre are baked beans, kidney beans, high-fibre breakfast cereals, wholemeal bread, fruit and vegetables. Dietary fibre

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WATER

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If we don’t have sufficient water, we will become dehydrated. Dehydration is the deficiency disease.