the curse of child labour

Category: Education

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CHILD LABOUR - The Silent Killer

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WHAT IS CHILD LABOUR?? Child Labour is employing children who are under aged (generally 5-14 years old) to work as determined by the laws of the state. This practice is considered to be: Exploitative in many countries and international organizations Labour work that harms children Keeps them out of school Allows no free time

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EFFECTS OF CHILD LABOUR Child Labour is a hazard to a child’s mental, physical, social, educational, emotional and spiritual development. Broadly, the children’s human right is violated if they are employed in activities to feed themselves and their family. It creates and perpetuates poverty.  Illiteracy among children is growing and education is not considered a priority as much as financial survival.

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Children who spend most of their waking hours working are condemned to a life of poverty, illiteracy, and prolong their misery. They perform grueling and demanding tasks and in return receive only meager wages. Many develop severe health problems due to their working conditions.

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CHILD LABOUR IN FIGURES(2002 GLOBAL ESTIMATION) National Surveys(50)=>1998-2002 Rapid assessments and baseline studies(100)=>2000-2003 246 million child labourers worldwide (age 5-17) 146 million children aged 6-11 out of school Majority boys 283 million children aged 12-17 out of school Majority girls

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SHARE OF CHILDREN IN DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES OF INDIA… NO. INDUSTRY(INDIA) %SHARE 1 Pan, Bidi and Cigarettes 18 2 Construction 15 3 Dhabas / Restaurants / Hotels 7.7 4 Auto-workshop, Vehicle repairs 7 5 Carpet making 5.8 6 Agarbati and Dhoop making 2.7 7 Domestic workers 12 8 Ceramic 4.1 9 Spinning/Weaving 11 10 Brick kilns, tiles 9.5 11 Gem-cutting, Jewellery 6.2 12 Others 1

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Unemployment WHY IS CHILD LABOUR EXISTING IN INDIA?? Easy available of labour children General causes: Overpopulation Illiteracy Poverty Orphans Unemployment of elders

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STEPS TAKEN BY THE GOVERNMENT… Employment to one adult member of the family of the child so that the child withdraws from the work. A contribution of Rs.5000 to the welfare fund to be made by the State Government. The employer of non-hazardous occupation can employ a child to work for 6 hours per day and at least 2 hours of education to be provided by him.

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LAWS OF INDIA Way back in 1979, Government formed the first committee called Gurupadaswamy Committee to study the issue of child labour and to suggest measures to tackle it. In consonance with the above approach, a National Policy on Child Labour was formulated in 1987. The Action Plan :-  Legislative Action Plan for strict enforcement of Child Labour Act and other labour laws to ensure that children are not employed in hazardous employments.

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Focusing of General Developmental Programmes for Benefiting Child Labour :- This action plan emphasizes the need to cover the children and their families also under various poverty alleviation and employment generation schemes of the Government. Project Based Plan of Action:- Envisages starting of projects in areas of high concentration of child labour. Pursuant to this, in 1988, the National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme was launched in 9 districts of high child labour endemicity in the country.

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Social liability of protest: To regulate working hours Protect young children Improve working conditions By educational system : Children are poor, so education at a distance causes child labour. Several steps are taken in different countries: Percent of education budgets Reduction or elimination of fees. Scholarship and free meal programmes.

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Legal and judicial action on it: Campaigning by social reform movements led to the Factory Act 1883, the Mine Act 1842 & the Factory Act 1867 in England. Compulsory education, introduced by the Education Act 1870. Almost all countries now have laws which set a minimum age for working. NGO’S are against on it as protest organizations ILO-In 20th Century, growing awareness world-wide led to the International Labour Organization (United Nations) to develop standards for the protection of child labour.

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Conduction of IPEC: IPEC's work to eliminate child labour is an important facet of the ILO's Decent Work Agenda. The number & range of IPEC’s partners include employers’ and workers’ organizations, other international and government agencies, private businesses, community-based organizations, NGOs, Future steps of protest for child labour: IPEC groups are extending the reservations to eliminate child labour issue.NGOs like UNICEF and ILO lend their hands to the government which makes the future bright.

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The question is not – ” Who is to be held responsible for the situation ?” Decades have been lost over it and yet no fruitful step has yielded out, The question should be “ Are we ready to change their lives for the better future?” If not ,then it is high time for all of us to reach out our helping hands to them and get them out of this wrath at the earliest, LET’S STOP THIS… LET’S STOP THIS …..

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Children are remarkably imaginative and resilient - but also heartbreakingly fragile and vulnerable. “ So let us share their dreams And shape their future ” .

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