Sentence Variety

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types of sentences and clauses

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Clauses-Sentence Structure:

Clauses-Sentence Structure Sentence Variety

Simple Sentences:

Simple Sentences A simple sentence has a subject (person, place, thing, idea) and a predicate (a description of what the subject is or does) Together the subject and predicate form an independent clause because they express a complete thought Example in its simplest form: Kelly swims . Example: The band will play at 8:00 pm. Noun Verb

Simple Sentences:

Simple Sentences Independent clause Simple Sentence =

Compound Sentence:

Compound Sentence A compound sentence joins two or more simple sentences (same as independent clause) They have two or more independent clauses They express two or more complete thoughts by joining two or more simple sentences Example: The story made Shelby shiver , but she wanted to keep reading . Independent Clause Independent Clause

Compound Sentence Cont.:

Compound Sentence Cont. To make a compound sentence, either use a coordinating conjunction or a semi-colon FANBOYS- for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so Example: She swam the length of the pool ; she was exhausted Example: Jack went swimming too , and he was also exhausted. Notice the comma before the conjunction

Complex Sentence:

Complex Sentence Is made up of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses A dependent clause cannot stand alone When a dependent clause introduces an independent clause use a comma Example: If you carry my bag , I won’t tell mom on you. Comes at the beginning of the sentence.

Complex Sentence Cont.:

Complex Sentence Cont. No comma is necessary when a dependent clause comes after the independent clause Example: The parachute opened after he pulled the rope. Use a subordinating conjunction to combine an independent clause with a dependent clause

Complex Sentence Cont.:

Complex Sentence Cont. Subordinating Conjunctions show relationships such as cause, contrast, condition, manner, place, and time A few examples: after, although, because, since, unless, while, until, whichever… Example: I will go to the store once dad comes home.

Subordinating Conjunctions:

Subordinating Conjunctions After how Until Although if Unless As in as much   as if in order that When as long as At least Whenever as much as now that whereas soon wherever as though Since While because so that Before even if That even though   though

Compound Complex Sentence:

Compound Complex Sentence Has two or more independent clauses and one dependent clause Two or more complete thoughts work alongside an incomplete thought Example: The ski resort , which opened last winter, was built to accommodate every kind of skier ; it has both cross-country and downhill skiing .

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