US GOVT CHPT 7-Independent Agencies

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

High School US Government on Independent Agencies

Comments

Presentation Transcript

U.S. Government:

U.S. Government Chapter 7 Independent Agencies

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Federal Bureaucracy Congress creates independent agencies to deal with certain matters that no other department of government handles. These agencies are a part of the executive branch. The president appoints the heads of independent agencies. In 1958 Congress set up the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to carry out the country’s space program. The space program: c onducts space research maintains the nation’s space equipment such as satellites sends satellites to explore outer space and gathers information.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Federal Bureaucracy The Executive Branch President of the U.S. Executive Office of the President Executive Departments Some Independent Agencies The Pyramid The three major parts of the federal bureaucracy1. Executive Office of the President 2. Executive Dept. 3. Independent Agencies

PowerPoint Presentation:

How Braches of Government Work with Independent Agencies Senate approves appointments. Approves budgets of agencies. Agencies must file reports with Congress once or twice a year. Closes unnecessary agencies. Reviews decisions the other branches make about the independent agencies. Legislative Judicial Branches work with agencies

PowerPoint Presentation:

Review On a sheet of paper, write the answers to the following questions. Use complete sentences. What are the three major parts of the federal bureaucracy? What makes up the base of the pyramid? Who represents each executive department? What office directly assists the president? Who is responsible for the executive branch? What do you think? Why are many different governmental departments and organizations needed? Is the federal bureaucracy too large? Explain.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Independent Regulatory Commissions About 12 of the independent agencies are regulatory commissions . They make rules for activities that are important to the country’s economy. They also enforce their rules and regulations. A board or commission of five to seven members leads each agency. The president appoints the members, and the Senate must approve them.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Some Regulatory Commissions Federal Trade Commission Also known as the FTC was created in 1914 to prevent unfair trade practices that would harm the free enterprise system in the U.S. The FTC does the following: enforces laws to protect public from price fixing, 2. protect the public from false labeling, and 3. protects the public from advertising that makes untrue claims. Key Words: free enterprise means the freedom of private business to operate with few government rules or laws.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Some Regulatory Commissions Interstate Commerce Commission Created in 1887. The ICC regulated the railroads. Then, the ICC regulated buses, trucks and boats. The ICC closed in 1996. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission Developed in 1974. Goal is to ensure nuclear power plants operate safely. After World War II, the U.S. became interested in the development of nuclear power for peaceful uses. The NRC gives permission for radioactive material to be stored or transported for civilian use. The commission studeis safe ways to work with nuclear material It can shut down any nuclear plant that is a danger to public health.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Some Regulatory Commissions National Labor Relations Board Created in 1935. The NLRB has two main purposes: to see that employees are treated fairly by their employers and labor organizations to hold secret ballot elections when employees vote to be represented by a labor organization. Employees can file complaints and lawsuits against employers or unions through the NLRB. Consumer Product Safety Commission The CPSC determines the safety of 15,000 consumer products such as kitchen appliances, toys, and lawn mowers. The goal is to decrease the possibility of injury or death from unsafe products. http:// www.cpsc.gov To report an unsafe product:

PowerPoint Presentation:

Federal Communications Commission Established in 1934. Controls who can have a license to broadcast information over the airwaves and what frequencies may be used. ensures good communication is available to the public requires radio and television stations to make some public service broadcasts. regulates communication satellites. ensures nation’s communication system can take care of emergencies in case of natural disasters like floods and earthquakes.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Review On a sheet of paper, write the agency that fits each description. Gives licenses to radio and television stations Is responsible for safety at nuclear power plants Holds elections when employees vote on being represented by a labor organization Protects consumers from false advertising Can recall consumer products from the market if they do not meet standards What do you think? What could happen in the areas of trade, broadcasting, or nuclear waste if there were no federal regulations? What would you do if you were affected by false advertising?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Independent Executive Agencies Other independent agencies within the executive branch are organized like the executive departments. They handle specific concerns . One person heads each independent agency. They may have only a few employees or they have many and are run like large businesses. Some provide services to the public and do not have power to enforce rules or regulations.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Some Agencies National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA was created in 1958 to develop peaceful uses for outer space. researched creation of Spacelab space shuttle program to explore space, repair satellites, and experiment for industry and medicine build a permanent space station in partnership with Canada, Japan, and Russia Aeronautics The science o designing, building, and flying aircraft Environmental Protection Agency Created in 1970 protect environment EPA enforces laws that Congress passes to keep air and water clean and to prevent pollution

PowerPoint Presentation:

Some Agencies Social Security Administration The National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities Created in 1995 after being a part of the Dept. of Health and Human Services SSA spends more money than any other independent agency money paid to retired or disabled workers health care for people over 65 provides medical service called Medicare . encourages the development of American arts and literature set up by Congress in 1965 Two groups work for the agency -the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities ; they make grants available to individuals, theaters, museums, and music groups controversial as to whether should be private or public. Endowment A gift given to a person or organization to provide income.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Some Agencies Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Congress established in 1933. insures (to guarantee against loss or harm) money deposited in banks During the Great Depression in the 1930s many businesses and factories closed. Many people lost their jobs. Banks failed. FDIC protects people’s money and banks from bankruptcy insures up to $100,000

PowerPoint Presentation:

Some Agencies The United States Postal Service run like a private business originally part of the president’s cabinet operates and protects nation’s mail service postmaster general heads it postal workers are unionized enforces laws concerning the mail laws make it illegal to send guns or liquor through the mail laws against mailing lottery tickets since they are considered a form of gambling Peace Corps independent agency originally part of the State Department Congress established in 1961 goal o bring about peace and friendship to other countries volunteers such as teachers, farmers, engineers sent to countries in need of help and training program called Peace Corps World Wise Schools Program

PowerPoint Presentation:

Chapter 7 Review The __________is run like a private business and became an independent agency in 1971. Postal Service B. Social Security Administration C. Peace Corps D. NASA _________was developed to help find peaceful uses for outer space. Social Security B. NASA C. Environmental Protection Agency D. Peace Corps Do you think government funds should be used to support the arts and humanities? Explain your answer. Which executive agency discussed in this lesson do you think is the most important in your life? Explain. The __________enforces laws to protect the environment. The ___________works to develop peaceful uses of space. The ___________supports the arts, including music, dance, and theatre. _________creates independent agencies. Congress B. The president C. The judiciary D. A commission 12. How do regulatory commissions differ from agencies that provide services to the public?

PowerPoint Presentation:

What does the National Labor Relations Board do? What does the FTC require on product labels? What does the Nuclear Regulatory Commission do? __________agencies help the executive branch, but cannot enforce rules. Regulatory B. Executive C. Cabinet D. Government 17. What is the purpose of the Peace Corps? 18. Is it worthwhile to spend money on space programs? Explain your answer. 19. Why does the government create new agencies over time?

authorStream Live Help