United States Government CHPT 6-The President's Cabinet

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High School Civics

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Chapter 6 U.S. Government:

Chapter 6 U.S. Government The President’s Cabinet

The Executive Departments:

The Executive Departments Dept. of Agriculture Dept. of Commerce Dept. of Defense Dept. of Education Dept. of Energy Dept. of Homeland Security Dept. of Housing and Urban Development Department of the Interior Department of State Department of Transportation Department of Treasury Dept. of Health & Human Services Department of Justice Department of Veterans Affairs Department of Labor

Departments of State, Treasury, and Justice:

Departments of State, Treasury, and Justice The Departments of State, Treasury, and Justice make policies and advise the president on important areas of our national life. This includes foreign policy , the economy, and legal matters. Foreign policy is the plan a country follows in dealing with other countries. Policy The plan a country follows. Foreign Policy The plan a country follows in dealing with other countries.

What the State Departments Do:

What the State Departments Do Secretary of State John Kerry Creates foreign policy Maintains good relationships with other countries Heads a large staff of officials Sends people all over the world to represent the U.S. Ambassadors work for the State Dept. in a foreign country. They have assistants called ministers . Consul is a representative sent to help U.S. citizens in foreign countries. Their office is a consulate . They build foreign trade and commerce. They protect American citizens who travel, work, or own property in foreign countries. In charge of passports.

The Department of Treasury:

The Department of Treasury Collects taxes, borrows money, pay money back Supervises making of paper money, coins, & postage stamps. Manages government accounts and informing the president about financial standing of U.S. Supervises national banks. Ensures government money is spent as Congress has decided it should be spent.

Three Units of Department of Treasury:

Three Units of Department of Treasury

The Department of Justice:

The Department of Justice Enforces federal laws. The head is the attorney general. Handles lawsuits in the Supreme Court that involve the U.S. government. Four important agencies FBI : carries out investigations when a federal law is broken. The FBI can arrest anyone who is accused of committing a crime against the federal government. The Environment and Natural Resources Division : protects public lands and natural resources such as water, land, and air from waste materials. Protects safety of drinking water. Helps cleanup of toxic water, land, or air. Bureau of Prisons : runs all federal prisons and other places that house federal prisoners. The United States Marshals Service : oldest law enforcement agency in nation. U.S. marshals protect the federal courts and transport federal prisoners.

Review:

Review On a sheet of paper, write the name of the department that does each of these activities. Prints money and postage stamps Enforces federal laws Is concerned with how the United States deals with other countries Advises the president about the financial standing of the country Helps protect Americans overseas What do you think? Why do you think the Departments of State and Treasury were two of the first departments Congress created? Do you think the United States should send ambassadors to other countries? Explain your answer. Why do you think Americans need passports when they travel to foreign countries?

Agriculture, Commerce, Interior, and Labor:

Agriculture, Commerce, Interior, and Labor What are the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, the Interior, and Labor? These departments deal with land and business issues in the United States. Sometimes the departments develop laws or regulations to protect the land or to help farmers. They may also develop laws or regulations that protect workers or trade.

Department of Agriculture:

Department of Agriculture Farmers have the important job of producing food for the nation. The government helps by: buying surplus food and assisting farmers in selling crops to foreign countries helps farmers organize into cooperative groups, or co-ops, to sell crops. Co-ops help farmers buy supplies and equipment at lower prices. help farmers plan and manage crops by using the best farming methods inform farmers about the market for livestock and crops. help farmers get money they need to do their work Two agencies lend money to farmers: Natural Resources Conservation Service and Rural Development.

Department of Commerce:

Department of Commerce Commerce: an interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale between different countries. Latin root: to trade together. Oversees business and trade in the U.S. and foreign countries. There are four main agencies under the Department of Commerce: the Census Bureau , 2. the Patent and Trademark Office , 3. the National Weather Service , and 4. the National Institute of Standards and Technology . Census Bureau gathers information about population, economy employment, and housing.4 Patent and Trademark Office patents, trademarks National Institute of Standards and Technology Sets standards for the quality of manufactured goods. National Weather Service Bureau gathers information about storms, frosts, floods, and earthquakes. Informs farmers, pilots, and others.

Department of Interior:

Department of Interior The Department of Interior was created in 1849. They make sure that the country’s natural resources are used wisely. They oversee the care of land, water, and minerals, as well as fish and wildlife. As the main conservation agency, the Interior Department has many agencies : 1. National Park Service, 2. the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 3. the Bureau of Land Management, 4. Minerals Management Service, and 5. the Fish and Wildlife Service.

Department of Labor:

Department of Labor Oversees federal laws concerning labor such as the minimum wage and child labor laws. Child labor laws protect children under 16 from working during school hours, or from working in dangerous jobs. Offers services to American workers. In 1991 the minimum wage was $4.25 per hour. A new minimum wage became effective in 1997. Congress r aised the minimum wage to $5.15. The Department of Labor has many agencies or divisions : OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) and The Employment and Training Administration . The Employment Standards Administration makes sure rules about minimum wages are followed by businesses. It also enforces fair hiring practices that protect minorities, women, veterans, and disabled people from discrimination.

Review:

Review On a sheet of paper, write the word from the Word Bank that best completes each sentence. The Department of ___________provides states with funds for the school lunch program. The Department of Commerce is concerned with international___________. The National ____________Service gathers information about storms and earthquakes. The Department of the __________looks after national Parks and dams. The Employment and Training Administration manages __________insurance for people who have lost their jobs. What do you think? What do you think would cause a business to be closed down by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration? Agriculture Interior trade u nemployment Weather Word Bank

Executive Departments Created Since 1945:

Executive Departments Created Since 1945 Some executive departments have been created after World War II. Some of the newer departments were changed or combined with other departments. All these departments have helped manage the country’s changing needs and provide services for citizens.

Department of Defense:

Department of Defense Created in 1946. Congress decided to combine the Departments of War and Navy. All of the country’s armed forces are under the control of this department. The secretary of defense is a civilian and not in the armed forces. Each branch of the armed forces has a secretary who is also a civilian. One branch of the department called the Army Corps of Engineers, helps to see that rivers and harbors are maintained and improved to help control floods. The Defense Department is responsible for military academies, or schools that train officers for military service. One such place is the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland.

Department of Housing and Urban Development:

Department of Housing and Urban Development Also known as HUD, created in 1965 to help cities. HUD provides homes, repairs buildings, and protects consumers. It deals with many types of problems, including aid in financing housing, teaching water conservation, protecting cities from air pollution, and developing communities.

Department of Transportation:

Department of Transportation Helps nation transport goods and services safe traveling conditions economical and efficient travels safety standards for motorized vehicles. publishes safety for other vehicles including bicycles Other offices include the Federal Highway Administration, the Federal Aviation Administration, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

Department of Energy and Department of Health and Human Services:

Department of Energy and Department of Health and Human Services Energy: 1977, protect sources of energy. Regulates sale of fuel and electricity. Finds new ways to produce energy HHS: 1979, protects health of all Americans. Protects from disease, financial aid to low income families, and Head Start program for preschool children. The Food and Drug Administration searches for cures to diseases. Makes sure laws concerning food, drugs, and cosmetics are followed.

Department of Education:

Department of Education Created in 1979. oversees educational system provides financial aid ensures those with special needs are served gathers statistics about schools encourages program improvement

Department of Veterans Affairs:

Department of Veterans Affairs Created in 1930 provides services to ex-military people and their families provides health care and did provide educational assistance operates 160 veterans’ hospitals and 120 of nations cemeteries.

Department of Homeland Security:

Department of Homeland Security Protects American homeland and its citizens from terrorists. protect the infrastructure provide safeguards from terrorist weapons make borders and ports secure prepare citizens for possible emergencies study intelligence, or information about an enemy, information from all government agencies.

Review:

Review The Department of ______________ is concerned with the military. The Food and Drug Administration is one of the ________ within the Department of Health and Human Services. Housing and Urban Development deals with problems of _____________. The Department of ____________sets the standards for vehicle safety. The Department of Education provides _____________help for all levels and all types of education. What do you think? Do you think the Department of Transportation should make more or fewer safety standards for vehicles? Explain. What could the government do to improve the quality of education in the United States? a gencies cities Defense financial Transportation Word Bank

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