US GOV CHPT 3-Preamble

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United States Government:

Chapter 3 United States Government

The Preamble and Articles I, II, III, IV:

The Preamble and Articles I, II, III, IV The Preamble “We the People of the United States , in Order to form a more perfect Union , establish Justice , insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense , promote the general Welfare , and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America ” Part A

The Articles of the Constitution:

The Articles of the Constitution Part B The main body of the Constitution is made up of seven articles. The Articles explain how the government works. They also carefully describe the rules for electing government officials, like Senators and the President. Article I Article II Article III Legislative Branch Executive Branch Judicial Branch lawmakers The President . Brings the laws Into action. Notice the w ord “execute” which means bring to action Supreme Court Justices They ensure the laws are following the Constitution. Fairness of laws. Congress : House of Representative And the Senate

More on the Articles:

More on the Articles Article I Article II Article III Article IV States and federal government The rights a citizen has in one state will be respected in all states. Which branch of government? What’s the role of this branch? Which branch of government? What’s the role of this branch? Which branch of government? What’s the role of this branch?

Articles 5-7 or V, VI, VII:

Articles 5-7 or V, VI, VII Article V (5) Article VI (6) Article VII (7) Describes how to make changes to the Constitution by making “Amendments”. Requires Congress a 2/3 vote to suggest the amendment. Then states review-requires ¾ of the state legislatures to approve. Declares the Constitution the supreme, or highest, law of the land. All government officials swear under oath to support and obey the Constitution. Tells how Constitution will be ratified (approved). When there were 13 states, at least nine had to approve the Constitution.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Articles 5-7 or V, VI, VII Article V (5) Article VI (6) Article VII (7) Describes what? How many votes to suggest an amendment? How many states to approve? Declares what about the Constitution? Tells what about the Constitution? REVIEW

THE AMENDMENTS:

THE AMENDMENTS The first 10 amendments are called the Bill of Rights First Amendment Freedom of religion, speech, press, expression, assembly and petition the g overnment for redress of grievances.

Second Amendment:

Second Amendment The right to bear arms

The Third and Fourth Amendments:

The Third and Fourth Amendments Third Amendment Fourth Amendment Protects people from having to let soldiers stay in their homes. People in authority cannot enter and search private homes. No search and seizures allowed without a special court order. In 1967 the Supreme Court ruled that people are protected from listening devices.

First through Fourth Amendment REVIEW:

First through Fourth Amendment REVIEW Write on a piece of paper what the 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , and 4 th Amendments are to the best of your ability. Feel free to refer to the previous slides.

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments:

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments The Fifth Have you heard the term “plead the fifth?” It’s when you have the right to remain silent. Due process of law means, you cannot have your life or liberty taken away without going through speaking your case before a grand jury! http :// vimeo.com /26161403 Copy and paste into browser and watch video Vocabulary word: indict means to accuse or charge with a crime, usually done by a grand jury.

Write an example of when you felt that you were unfairly blamed or punished for something you did or did not do.:

Write an example of when you felt that you were unfairly blamed or punished for something you did or did not do. Your Story Please answer the following: Were you given a chance to give your side of the story? Was there someone who listened who was not directly involved in the situation? Were you given a chance to defend yourself and have witnesses to support you?

The Sixth Amendment:

The Sixth Amendment Right to a Fair Trial b e told of the crime of which he or she is accused s peedy public trial before a fair jury have a lawyer Have wtnesses to tell your side of the case hear and question the witnesses

Seventh and Eighth Amendments:

Seventh and Eighth Amendments Seventh Amendment This addresses civil lawsuits, which means lawsuits between people that does not involve a crime. These lawsuits have to do with disputes between two or more parties. The value disputed cannot be more than 20 dollars, otherwise the trial goes before a jury. Eighth Amendment Deals with bails, fines, and punishment. The judge sets a bail or fine for breaking the law. The accused can pay the bail as a deposit to stay out of jail while waiting for trial. The worse the crime, the higher the cost of bail. The money is returned when the trial begins. This amendment also protects people from torture.

Ninth and Tenth Amendments:

Ninth and Tenth Amendments Ninth Amendment “The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people .” Tenth Amendment “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people . ”

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