Export Promotion Council- 7.1.2011

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Export Promotion Council

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Role of Government/Semi-government Agencies in Export Promotion There are many organizations and offices in the public sector that aim to facilitate international trade, such as the DGFT, EPCs, etc. Their objectives, broadly, are: • To stimulate and support export efforts in the country • To help exporters develop particular products and commodities for export • To establish and develop incentives/schemes to enable self-sustenance in the international market

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• To develop guidelines, principles, and policies for the country’s forex administration; and • To establish laws for the smooth running of international business.

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Ministry of Commerce and Industry The Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry is an umbrella organization for the foreign trade of the entire country. It is connected with all foreign commercial matters It formulates policies related to import/export development It helps develop commercial relations with other countries The Ministry of Commerce in many countries comprises different divisions, each headed by a divisional head

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These divisions are: • Trade Policy Division • Export Products Division • Economics Division • Administrative and General Division • Foreign Trade Division • Export Industries Division • Finance Division

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Director General of Foreign Trade The Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) was earlier known as the Chief Controller of Imports and Exports It is the regulatory authority on foreign trade It is responsible for the execution of the import and export policies of the government of India Besides promoting exports, it facilitates the removal of control and operates through regional offices spread all over the country.

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Commodity Boards Commodity Boards, such as the Rubber Board and the Silk Board, are public sector organizations They are related to specific products in the country and abroad They deal with the entire range of problems concerning the production, development, and marketing of concerned products Commodity boards also undertake promotional activities For instance, they are involved in participation in international trade fairs and exhibitions and sponsorship of delegations for international trade studies

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The Tea Board, Coffee Board, Coir Board, Central Silk Board, All India Handloom and Handicrafts Board , Tobacco Board, Rubber Board, Spices Board , Jute Mills Association, and Sugar Mills Association are some examples of commodity boards in our country.

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Export Promotion Councils The basic objective of EPCs is to promote and develop the exports of the country Each Council is responsible for the promotion of a particular group of products, projects, and services The EPCs keep abreast of the trends and opportunities in international markets for goods and services and assist their members in taking advantage of such opportunities in order to expand and diversify exports.

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Functions The major functions of EPCs are: • To provide commercially useful information and assistance to members in developing and increasing their exports • To offer professional advice to members in areas such a technology up-gradation, quality and design improvement, standards and specifications, product development, innovation, etc. • To organize overseas delegation of its members in order to explore global market opportunities

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• To organize participation in trade fairs, exhibitions, and buyer-seller meets • To promote interaction between the exporting community and the government, both at the Centre and state levels.

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Nature Export Promotion Councils are non-profit, autonomous, and professional bodies They are non-profit organizations registered under the companies Act or the Societies Registration Act The Ministry of Commerce and Industry /Ministry of Textiles of the Government of India, as the case may be, would interact with the managing committee of the councils concerned, twice a year, once or approving their annual plans and budget, and again for a mid-year appraisal and review of their performance.

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List of Export Promotion Councils S. No. Name of Export Promotion Council 1 Agricultural and processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) 2 Apparel Export Promotion Council 3 Basic Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics Export Promotion Council 4 The Cashew Export Promotion Council of India 5 Carpet Export Promotion Council 6 Chemicals & Allied Products Export Promotion Council 7 Coffee Board 8 Coir Board 9 The Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council 10 Electronic and Computer Software Export Promotion Council (ESC) 11 Engineering Export Promotion Council

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12 Federation of Indian Export Organizations (FIEO) 13 The Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council 14 Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts 15 The Handloom Export Promotion Council 16 The Indian Silk Export Promotion Council 17 Council for Leather Exports 18 The Marine Products Export Development Authority 19 Overseas Construction Council of India 20 The plastics and linoleums Export Promotion Council 21 The Rubber Board 22 Shellac Export Promotion Council 23 The Sports Goods Export Promotion Council 24 Spices Board 25 Th e Synthetics & Rayon Textiles Export Promotion Council

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26 Tea Board 27 Tobacco Board 28 The Power-loom Development and Export Promotion Council (PDEXCIL) 29 Jute Manufacturers Development Council

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Service Institutes The Ministry of Commerce facilitates foreign trade through service institutes such as the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) and Indian Institute of Packaging (IIP) The IIFT • Acts as a nucleus of human resource development in the field of foreign trader • Organizes special training programmes on export-import (EXIM) business • Conducts research into problems related to EXIM business and undertakes commodity studies and foreign market surveys

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• Organizes exchange of trade delegates • Provides consultancy to export organizations • Publishes journals on EXIM business

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Export Inspection Council The Export Inspection Council (EIC) is a statutory body responsible for the enforcement of quality control and compulsory pre-shipment inspection of exportable goods in the country It establishes laboratories and testing centres all over the country.

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Export Credit Guarantee Corporation The Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Government of India under administrative control of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry with export insurance services The ECGC • Supports and strengthens export drive • Covers commercial and political risks of exporters • Arranges insurance against pre- and post- shipment credit finance to commercial bankers

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• Provides guarantee to commercial banks against export credits extended • Issues overseas investment insurance policies • Covers exchanges in investment risks through forwards and futures • Provides guarantees against projects, term loans, export finance, and export performance.

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Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCIS) The Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI&S) has its head office in Kolkata The DGCI&S • Collects and compiles complete information and disseminates it to trade organizations • Publishes journals and informative bulletins • Helps Indian businessmen with letters of introduction when they are going abroad.

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Indian Trade Promotion Organization (ITPO) The ITPO, earlier known as the Trade Fair Authority of India • Organizes trade fairs and other exhibitions in the country and abroad for products • Sets up showrooms in the country and abroad for the promotion of exports of new items • Publishes journals such as the Journal of Industry and Trade, Udhyog Vyapaar Patrika , and The Indian Export Services Bulletin.

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Federation of Indian Exporter’s Organization (FIEO) The Federation of Indian Exporters’ Organization (FIEO) is the apex body of various exporters and export promotion organizations It provides a common coordinating platform for commodity councils, boards, and service institutions.

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Export-Import Bank The Export-Import (EXIM) Bank is an apex organization that finances, facilitates, and promotes exports Its major function is to arrange loans/funds for exporters, either directly or through other commercial banks The bank undertakes financing with regional/global development banks, agencies, and other financial institutes They also arrange pre- and post-bid finance for export projects.

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The State Trading Corporation of India Ltd. (STC) The State Trading Corporation of India Ltd (STC) has the following subsidiaries that help promote exports of various commodities 1. Handicraft and Handloom Export Corporation of India Ltd. 2. Cashew Corporation of India Ltd. 3. Central Cottage Industries Corporation of India Ltd. 4. Tea Trading Corporation of India Ltd. 5. Project and Equipment Corporation of India Ltd.

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