Forest Management: Forest Management By Anmol Agarwal 2nd semester Roles of forest: Roles of forest Forest play a very important role in the life and economy of the country. Forest vegetation and its accompanying soil organism make up as much as 90 per cent of the total biomass on land. Deforestation has led to instability and disturbance of many ecological sub-systems. Forest cover in the catchment areas of the rivers, control soil erosion and recurrence of floods. Once forest cover is damaged, severe soil erosion takes place disturbing the entire eco-system, chocking the dams and reservoirs with silt load and thereby promote recurrence of floods. Forest Resources: Forest Resources Forest provide fuel and fodder for the rural masses particularly the poor landless and marginal peasants/ tribals and their domestic animals free of cost or at a very low cost. Provide timber of average quality for rural dwellings. For rural artisans for making tools, implements, boats, etc., to support rural vocations and economy. Provide high quality timber and some fuel for the urban population. Slide 4: Maintain a steady supply of raw materials needed for paper making. Plywood and other forest based industries. Continue to function effectively as conservator of soil, climate and environment. Promote wild life and bird life to maintain ecological balance. In addition, the commercial lumber industry is a small but growing source of employment Over exploitation: Over exploitation With the spread in agriculture forests were left in patches mostly controlled by tribal people. These tribes are completely dependant on forests for their day to day activities. Deforestation became a major issue at the time of British rule due to high usage of timber from forest to build their ships. During early period of independence local population used forest resources as they pleased. They thought it was their right to do so. Timber extraction continued to be a major concern even in the late 1970’s Timber: T imber In the northern and central states, logging for the production of industrial timber is carried out by contractors under the supervision of sawmill and industry managers who are directly responsible to the State Director of Forests within their respective states. In the southern states, the industry is currently stagnant, but was managed by the military forces on both sides during the conﬂict . Non-wood forest products: Non-wood forest products Non-Wood Forest Products include foods (nuts, fruits, mushrooms, honey, game, gums); food additives (spices, herbs, flavorings, sweeteners); fodder; fibers (furniture, clothing, construction); fragrances for perfumes; ornamental pods and seeds; resins; oils; plant and animal products with medicinal value. Minor forest produce: Minor forest produce All forest products other than timber and fuel wood and include : medicinal plants, essential oils, spices, edible wild plants, gums, resins and oleoresins, fatty oils, tanning materials, natural organic colouring materials, katha and cutch, oxalic acid, fibres , beverages and narcotics, fodder and forage plants, saponins , fish poisons, insecticides, green manure, beads, rubber plants, plants used for paper, basket and wicker work including canes, beedi leaf, miscellaneous materials including thaching and broom materials. Besides these plant products, animal products such as lac , honey, hooves, ivory and hides (of forest origin) are included amongst minor forest products. These products seem to be minor in comparison with timber and wood-fuel but are important when their utility and money value are taken into consideration. Forest Management: Forest Management Forest Management is defined as the practical application of the scientific, technical and economic principles to forestry. According to the Society of American Foresters, Forest Management is the application of business methods and technical forestry principles to the operation of a forest property. Slide 10: Primary object of good management is the provision of the maximum benefit to the greatest number of people for all times. Forest management involves following tasks: Control of composition and structure of the growing stock. Harvesting and marketing the forest produce. Administration of forest property and personnel. Forest management, like any other management, cannot occur in isolation. It occurs in a given set of conditions which go to make its environment. THANK YOU…!!: THANK YOU…!!