logging in or signing up Project Planning and Control ankush85 Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 5949 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (9) Dislike it (2) Added: July 08, 2009 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 2 Presentation Description Online Photography course by Ankush Bagga, join: http://www.wiziq.com/course/5247-photography-tips-for-beginners Comments Posting comment... By: minchalas (30 month(s) ago) Excelent Presentation....... May I Download it????/ Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: sonjie (36 month(s) ago) Excelent Presentation....... 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System’s view of project control : 2 System’s view of project control Irregular variables: cannot be controlled (e.g. experience of the user) Goal variables: things one wants to achieve (e.g. minimize downtime, lowest cost) Control variables: things that can be varied (e.g. project staffing, tools to be used) Distribution of variables over categories is not rigid (staffing may be irregular, cost can be a control variable, etc) You have to know the category of each variable System’s view of project control, conditions : 3 System’s view of project control, conditions Goals of the system are known Sufficient control variety Information on state, input and output of the system Conceptual control model: knowledge of how and extent to which variables depend on and influence each other Classes of project characteristics : 4 Classes of project characteristics Product, process, and resource characteristics Interested in degree of certainty Product certainty: Clear requirements, known upfront: product certainty is high User requirements change frequently: product certainty is low Process certainty: E.g., much knowledge about effect of control actions: high E.g., use of unknown tools: low Resource certainty: Depends on availability of appropriately qualified personnel Archetypical control situations : 5 Archetypical control situations Realization problem: all certainties are high Ideal situation, just make sure work gets done Allocation problem: resource certainty low, others high Major issue: controlling capacity Design problem: product certainty high, others low How to design the project (milestones, personnel, assign responsibilities, etc) Exploration problem: all certainties low Major issue: get commitment of all people involved Control situation: realization : 6 Control situation: realization Primary goal in control: Optimize resource usage, efficiency and schedule Coordination/management style: Standardization, hierarchy, separation style Development strategy: Waterfall Cost estimation: Models, guard process Control situation: allocation : 7 Control situation: allocation Primary goal in control: Acquisition, training personnel Coordination/management style: Standardization of product and process Development strategy: Waterfall Cost estimation: Models, sensitivity analysis Control situation: design : 8 Control situation: design Primary goal in control: Control of process Coordination/management style: Standardization of process Development strategy: Incremental Cost estimation: Expert, sensitivity analysis Control situation: exploration : 9 Control situation: exploration Primary goal in control: Maximize results, lower risks Coordination/management style: Mutual adjustment, commitment, relation style Development strategy: Incremental, prototyping, agile Cost estimation: Agile, risk analysis, provide guidance Risk management : 10 Risk management Risk management is project management for adults In software development, we tend to ignore risks: We’ll solve the problem on time Requirements will be stable No one will leave the project … Top ten risk factors : 11 Top ten risk factors Personnel shortfall Unrealistic schedule/budget Wrong functionality Wrong user interface Goldplating Requirements volatility Bad external components Bad external tasks Real-time shortfalls Capability shortfalls Risk management strategy : 12 Risk management strategy Identify risk factors Determine risk exposure (probability * effect) Develop strategies to mitigate risks Avoid, transfer, or accept Handle risks Categories of risks : 13 Categories of risks Level of control Importance low high low high customers and users (C1) scope and requirements (C2) environment (C4) execution (C3) Order of handling: first C3, then C2, then C4 and C1 Techniques for project planning and control : 14 Techniques for project planning and control Work breakdown structure (WBS) PERT chart Gantt chart Agile planning and control Work Breakdown Structure : 15 Work Breakdown Structure PERT chart : 16 PERT chart Gantt chart : 17 Gantt chart Why task-oriented planning is problematic : 18 Why task-oriented planning is problematic Activities never finish early Parkinson’s law: work fills the time available Lateness is passed down the schedule If either design or coding is late, subsequent testing will be late Tasks are not independent If design takes more time, so will implementation Agile planning factors : 19 Agile planning factors Estimate value of features e.g. the MoSCoW way Cost of implementing features Cost of doing it now versus cost of doing it later New knowledge acquired First do features that bring a lot of new knowledge Risk removed by implementing feature First high-value-low risk features, then low risk-low value features Avoid high value-high risk features You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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