Digital Photography 101for Library Applications : Digital Photography 101for Library Applications Workshop Agenda : Workshop Agenda Digital Camera Overview
Hints on Taking Photos
Who Owns That Image?
Photo Design and Repair
Managing Your Digital Photo Collection Digital Camera Overview : Digital Camera Overview Why Digital Photography? : Why Digital Photography? Advantage over film cameras
Immediate feedback / results
Don’t need to develop film
Ease of image manipulation
Add interest to your web site
Publicize and document library events
Pictures are worth a thousand words
Provide material for library displays Overview of Digital Cameras : Overview of Digital Cameras Lens types
Storage media types
Older memory formats
Newer memory formats
Alternative memory formats Lens Types : Lens Types Regular fixed lens
with or without zoom
Digital SLR (single-lens reflex)
More control over depth of field
For incredible detail in a large image
Huge file sizes Digital Camera Case Sizes : Digital Camera Case Sizes Listed in order of price
Large Pixel Depth : Pixel Depth Why would you want more pixels?
Foveon technology 3.4
Three layers to each pixel
Equivalent to 10 megapixels Pixel Print Comparison : Pixel Print Comparison To maintain quality, choose higher megapixel settings if you need larger print sizes
1 megapixels ? 4 x 6
2 megapixels ? 5 x 7
3 megapixels ? 8 x 11
4 megapixels ? 11 x 14
5 megapixels ? 12 x 16 Zoom Power : Zoom Power Optical zoom changes the image by moving the lens
Digital zoom changes the image by cropping (enlarging the pixels)
Interchangeable lenses on SLR digital cameras – expensive!
Gives you more shutter speed control
Wide-angle, panoramic, specialty lenses Types of Storage Media : Types of Storage Media Some can be used in multiple portable devices
Digital cameras, notebooks, PDAs, music players, car stereo
Standardize on a flash memory type
Secure Digital (SD) - up and coming
Compact Flash (CF) - still a good choice Older Memory Formats : Older Memory Formats These formats are being phased out
Mini-CDs, floppy disks
Compact Flash (CF)
More devices use CF that any other media type
High capacity Newer Memory Formats : Newer Memory Formats Memory stick (MS)
only used by Sony
Projected highest capacity
Secure Digital (SD)
Projected highest use
Broadest support Alternative Memory Formats : Alternative Memory Formats CF Mini hard drives
Up to 1 GB in storage
Digital camera off-load units Now For Our Camera Tour… : Now For Our Camera Tour… Finally, Taking Photos… : Finally, Taking Photos… Before You Start : Before You Start Practice with the camera
Double-check your camera settings
Carry extra batteries
Experiment with flash
How close to subject?
Test red-eye settings Hints On Taking Photos : Hints On Taking Photos Use a tripod or lean against stationery object
Limit use of screen viewer
Is camera turned off when not in use? Automatic & Forced Flash : Automatic & Forced Flash Automatic
Fires automatically as required
Useful for ordinary photography
Photograph backlit scenes
Use outside in shade
Color correct fluorescent light Suppressed & Red-Eye Flash : Suppressed & Red-Eye Flash Suppressed Flash
Indoors where flash is ineffective
Photos taken through glass
Pre-flashes so subject’s eyes appear more natural
Fires automatically as required Slow-Synchro Flash Types : Slow-Synchro Flash Types Slow-Synchro
Slow shutter speed for taking pictures of people at night
Will show both subject and night time backdrop
Red-Eye Reduction plus Slow-Synchro Example of Flash Icons : Example of Flash Icons Red eye
flash Red eye
synchro White Balance Control : White Balance Control Will attempt to correct the color for given light sources such as:
Warm white fluorescents
Cool white fluorescents
Shade Delayed Shutter Response : Delayed Shutter Response Anticipate shutter lag
Shutter delay varies between cameras
Ask your subject to hold still!
Image-writing delay while the camera stores the photo
Some cameras are able to store images more quickly Taking Photos of People : Taking Photos of People Avoid red-eye
Use red-eye flash function
Ask subject to look away from flash
Use natural light
Don’t get too close
You can crop image later Flattery Or Kindness? : Flattery Or Kindness? Avoid harsh shadows
Try different viewpoints
Use natural light instead of flash
Red clothing will overpowerskin tones Hold Still! : Hold Still! Posing versus natural action
Take numerous photos of same pose
Subject may relax
Pose will look more natural
Shutter lag makes naturalaction shots difficult Connect That Camera… : Connect That Camera… Connecting to a Computer : Connecting to a Computer Install camera software
Check camera battery charge or plug in power adapter
Choice of connections
Camera to computer
Memory media to computer
Copy or move files from camera to computer Problems? : Problems? Where to go if you have problems with your camera
Camera batteries weak?
What if your computer won’t talk to the camera?
Software updates andother annoyances Indoor Lighting : Indoor Lighting Fluorescent light is green
Incandescent light is red
North light bulbs are blue
“Color-corrected” light bulbs are best
Use two light sourcesif possible Photographing Objects : Photographing Objects Avoid parallax effect if object has straight lines
Align camera to object
Align lines of object with frame of viewfinder or LCD monitor
Use a tripod or stand
Macro lenses Lighting Objects : Lighting Objects Lighting
Two lights are best
45° angle to object
Measure distance of lights
Use a “color key” for fine reproductions Camera Purchase Decision : Camera Purchase Decision Before You Choose : Before You Choose What is your budget?
Will it connect to your computer?
Evaluate your photographic needs
Power supply requirements
Memory needs (16 MB to 1 GB+)
Do you have other portable devices?
Zoom capability needed? How To Choose A Camera : How To Choose A Camera Try out cameras for a good fit
Does it fit your hands?
Controls easy to locate?
Display screen large enough?
Light enough to carry?
Purchase at a store or buy online?
Keep an eye on sale prices Bookmarks Topics to Visit : Bookmarks Topics to Visit Digital camera glossaries and dictionaries
Digital camera overview
Vendor web sites fordigital cameras andphotography Taking Photos Outdoors : Taking Photos Outdoors Outdoor Lighting : Outdoor Lighting Sunlight causes shadows
North light is blue
Indirect lighting best for people
Use fill-in flash or reflector Taking Photos Outdoors : Taking Photos Outdoors Sunrise, sunset
Few filters availablefor digital cameras
Glare and reflections
Dust and smog Legal Issues… : Legal Issues… Do The Right Thing! : Do The Right Thing! Get a signature release from your subjects
Infopeople course materialsavailable Signature Releases : Signature Releases Who owns that photograph?
If you put a photo of a person on the web, get a signature release
Sample signature releases Copyright Considerations : Copyright Considerations Again, who owns that photograph?
Protect your images Bookmarks Topics to Visit : Bookmarks Topics to Visit Infopeople course
Library Laws For The Web Environment - 2002
Signature release samples
Copyright law The Art Part… : The Art Part… Photo Design and Repair : Photo Design and Repair Design and color hints
Color correction Design Hints : Design Hints View as abstract artwork (turn the photo upside down)
Save as black & white for a fresh view
Look at negative spaces
Avoid clutter The Rule of Thirds in Design : The Rule of Thirds in Design Hum Beethoven’s Fifth
Imagine a tic-tac-toe grid on your image
Line objects on the grid
Offset the focal point within the composition
Check for proportions of two-to-one Value, Contrast & Luminance : Value, Contrast & Luminance Value
Relative lightness or darkness of a color
Black & white photography helps you see value
Difference between highest and lowest luminance values
Luminance relates to light Hue, Saturation & Brightness : Hue, Saturation & Brightness Hue
Intensity or gradation of color
Chromatic purity - has color been diluted with white?
Brilliance of a color relating to hue or saturation Color Impact : Color Impact Emotional impact of color
What kind of message do you wish to convey?
May overpower other parts of the image Color Hints : Color Hints The rule of threes in color
Squint to see the values in the image
Check proportions of color of two-to-one Cropping and Resizing : Cropping and Resizing Focus on the subject
Get rid of clutter
The web can only show so much!
Reduce image file size
Improve your design Software Can Correct Color : Software Can Correct Color Balance your color
Correct bad lighting
Punch up the values
Increase the hue Photo & Graphics Software : Photo & Graphics Software Types of Software : Types of Software Beginner
Apple iPhoto, Hypersnap, LviewPro
PaintShop Pro, Photoshop Elements
Camera software Exporting for Web and Print : Exporting for Web and Print Exporting For The Web : Exporting For The Web Use “save as” - keep original safe
PC vs Macintosh color differences
Reduce image and file size
Change file format to jpg or gif
Set resolution to 72 dpi Exporting For Print : Exporting For Print Use “save as” - keep original safe
Use largest pixel size setting available for camera
You won’t be able to take as many photos at a time, but the print quality will be greater
Save to highest quality TIFF format setting
Talk with your printer!
Color-correct your monitor File Extensions : File Extensions JPEG (*.jpg) web graphics
GIF (*.gif) flat color web graphics
TIFF (*.tif) print graphics
PSD (*.psd) Adobe Photoshop
PNG (*.png) Fireworks
PDF (*.pdf) Adobe Acrobat
Proprietary extensions Digital Photos Can Be Huge! : Digital Photos Can Be Huge! Managing disk space
Organizing your photos
Types of file management software
Infopeople course materials availableon digitization projects
Don’t forget metadata! Bookmarks Topics to Visit : Bookmarks Topics to Visit Graphics software vendors
Digital collections projects
Infopeople course materials
Planning To Digitize Your Treasures, 2000
Planning Your Digitization Project, 2001
Creating Web Images With Fireworks, 2002 Planning A Photo Session : Planning A Photo Session Back To Reality… : Back To Reality… What photos do you need (or want) to take for your library?
How / where will you use these photos?
What camera settings to use?
What is the subject matter?
What kind of lighting?
Legal issues? Summary and Evaluation : Summary and Evaluation Overview of digital cameras
Hints on taking photos
Who owns that image?
Design and color hints
Managing your files and disk space