SWINE FLU

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SWINE FLU:

SWINE FLU Made by :- Ankita Gupta 9 th- D 5

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Swine Flu also known as H1N1 flu, Swine influenza , Pig flu is a respiratory disease caused by virus commonly found in pigs throughout the world. Most commonly it is due to H1N1 influenza subtype but sometimes H1N2, H3N1, and H3N2 can also be responsible. The major difference is that the current virus has strains of bird and pig viruses in it, and humans have very low or negligible immunity to it. That is what has made it more likely to become a pandemic virus (that can cause a global outbreak) as it could easily spread from human to human. If diagnosed earlier treatment can be done to avoid further complications. For confirmed case of Swine flu are administered for treatment of virus infection. Swine influenza virus is very common in pigs worldwide. Approximately 1%-4% of pigs get infected and die from it. The main mode of spread among pigs either direct or indirect contact. In many parts of the world pigs are vaccinated against it. What Is Swine Flu?

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The Influenza viruses causing sickness in humans are classified into three types - A, B and C. Type A is most common in pigs and C is rare. Influenza B has not been reported in pigs. Swine influenza is commonly of the H1N1 influenza subtype, but sometimes they can come from other types, such as H1N2, H3N1, and H3N2.The recent outbreak of swine flu in humans is of the H1N1 type which is not as dangerous as some other types. It is caused by a new virus that has changed in ways that allow it to spread from person to person and it’s happening among people who haven’t had any contact with pigs. Normally swine flu virus do not transmit from pigs to human and do not cause swine flu, although if it happens, antibodies are produced in human blood. Types

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Touching Something With Swine Flu Influenza On It

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Person To Person Through Coughing And Sneezing

Symptoms Of Swine Flu:

Symptoms Of Swine Flu Swine flu can look like a normal fever as its symptoms are similar to normal human influenza like cold and cough, sore throat, body aches, headaches, chills and fatigue.

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Swine Flu Influenza in India (H1N1 Flu)

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PREVENTION

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Influenza A(H1N1)

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Covering Sneezes And Coughs

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Direct Contact With People Should Be Cautionary

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Regular And Frequent Hand Wash

No Vaccines To Human But Available For Pigs:

No Vaccines To Human But Available For Pigs Vaccines are available to be given to pigs to prevent swine influenza . There is no vaccine to protect humans from swine flu. The seasonal influenza vaccine will likely help provide partial protection against swine H3N2.

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To diagnose swine flu influenza A infection, a respiratory specimen would generally need to be collected within the first 4 to 5 days illness (when an infected person is most likely to be shedding virus). However, some persons, especially children, may shed virus for 10 days or longer.

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Generally Swine flu virus transmits through direct contact with respiratory secretions like coughing and sneezing of a infected person close or near to you. Swine flu is likely contagious from one day up to seven days if a person get sick with its symptoms. Surfaces such as a doorknob, drinking glass or kitchen counter can also be contaminated if droplets from cough or sneeze fall on them. But these germs survive for only few hours. Some Notes To Keep In Mind

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People who are in regular exposure to pigs have increased risk of getting swine flu. The swine flu vaccine developed by GlaxoSmithKline is called Pandemrix and the vaccine developed by Baxter is known as Celvapan. Finally, transmission of the virus doesn’t require you to come into contact with pigs. It can pass from one human to another. According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control), there is some evidence that people who do come into contact regularly with pigs may be immune to this virus. Conti… Some Notes To Keep In Mind

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